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Battle of Iwo Jima Map 7: D-Day+19

Battle of Iwo Jima Map 7: D-Day+19


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Map of the island of Iwo Jima, showing the situation at the end of D-Day+19

Map of the island of Iwo Jima, showing the situation at the end of D-Day+19 (8 March 1945)

Numbers to the left of the unit denote the battalions, those to the right the regiments.

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This historic Colt 1911 pistol carried at Iwo Jima is about to go up for auction

Rock Island Auction Company will soon be taking bids for the 1911 Colt .45 automatic pistol, and other kit, carried by a decorated Marine combat photographer during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.

Following the recent 75th anniversary of Iwo Jima — a brutal battle that stretched from February 19 to March 26, 1945 — the Rock Island, Illinois, auction house will hold its Premier Firearms Auction #79, featuring 2,500 lots of firearms and related items June 5-7.

One of the lots, number 1516, will feature items such as the sidearm, pistol belt rig and rare Iwo Jima battle map that belonged to Marine Sgt. Arthur J. Kiely Jr., who passed away in 2005, according to a recent news release from the auction company.

Kiely joined the Marine Corps in 1943 and served as a combat photographer, taking pictures under heavy enemy fire on island engagements such as Iwo, the release states.

Kiely&aposs Colt 1911 was originally shipped to the Marine Corps in 1917 and features 󈭅% of its original blue finish showing a mixed brown and gray patina on the grip straps and trigger guard, bright edge wear, and mild spotting and handling marks overall,” according to the auction&aposs website.

The pistol&aposs refinished grips have some “dents and tool marks on the screws” and the “modified, refinished replacement trigger sticks a bit,” the website states.

Also significant, it appears that Kiely may have used his pistol in direct combat.

Kiely was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery during fighting in the Marianas Islands from June 15 to Aug. 12, 1944, when as a corporal, he stopped taking photographs during the battle and “personally killed at least three enemy,” according to the award citation that is included in the collection.

“It&aposs an honor to have this pistol in house,” Kevin Hogan, president of the auction house, said in the release. “I can&apost imagine a better time for it to be offered than just after the 75th anniversary of the battle.”

The Kiely collection also features a “Special Air and Gunnery Target Map” of Iwo Jima dated Nov. 12, 1944, that was used in preparation for the coming battle.

The 1:10000 scale map measures 27.75 inches wide and 39.75 inches long with more than 30 defense symbol keys that identify likely installations, bunkers, artillery and machine guns, according to the website.

Marine Gen. Holland “Howlin&apos Mad” Smith, the father of modern U.S. amphibious warfare, presented the map to Kiely, and it became one of his most valued possessions, according to the auction house release.

Another item in the collection is the pistol belt rig that Kiely wore during his service. The issue web belt is outfitted with the standard leather flap holster, canvas magazine pouch with two 1911 magazines, field dressing pouch, canteen and canteen cover, according to the website.

“The map, the pistol and the holster rig are kind of the stars of the show,” Joel Kolander, spokesman for the auction house, told Military.com.

Kiely&aposs collection also includes his Marine Corps pith helmet, M1 helmet with camo cover and other kit, as well as a number of photos he took during the war, including one of “him wearing that pistol rig with that gun in it,” Kolander said.

Kiely sold many items up for auction to a collector in 2001 before he died four years later, he added.

The Premier Firearms Auction will be open to the public, but it will also be live-streamed, Kolander said, adding that thousands of people will likely file absentee bids before the auction. For more information about the event, visit the auction house&aposs webpage for the event.

Kiely&aposs collection will not be cheap, though, Kolander said, who added that the bidding will range between $35,000 and $55,000 for the entire lot.

“A high-condition Colt 1911 — especially 1917 shipped — people would already be paying, you know, four figures for a pistol like that,” he said.


Dave Maupin of Redlands visits Iwo Jima on military history tour

The Stars and Stripes fly over Iwo Jima, atop Mount Suribachi, only one day each year.

Since the island was returned to Japan in 1968, Americans may come back only to take part in the annual Reunion of Honor, the ceremony in which former World War II enemies meet to honor their dead.

Dave Maupin of Redlands was one of the 133 Americans allowed to visit Iwo Jima this year as part of a military history tour in the spring, along with six veterans from the battle, family members and history buffs.

Maupin, a former naval flight officer and Stanford University Naval Reserve Officers’ Training Corps instructor, was accompanied by one of his former students and midshipmen, Greg DePrez of Highlands Ranch, Colo.

“It was a chilling experience to stand atop Mount Suribachi, undoubtedly where the island commander, the brilliant Japanese Gen. (Tadamichi) Kuribayashi, stood, looking down on the very exposed landing beaches and realize why the Marines took such heavy casualties under the guns of this now silent mountain,” Maupin wrote in an account of this year’s Reunion of Honor on Iwo Jima.

“I appreciated even more the meaning of the words of the Navy’s Pacific war commander, Adm. Chester Nimitz, as he summed up the battle, now engraved on the Marine Corps Iwo Jima Memorial in Arlington, Va.: ‘Uncommon valor was a common virtue,’” Maupin wrote.

“Two-thirds of the Medals of Honor won by Marines in all of World War II were earned on Iwo Jima,” Maupin wrote.

The 36-day battle of Iwo Jima that began Feb. 19, 1945, and included the famous flag-raising atop Mount Suribachi, was the only time in U.S. Marine Corps history that Marines suffered more casualties than their adversary, Maupin wrote — 26,000 Americans killed and wounded versus 22,000 Japanese.

The 22,000 Japanese casualties were all killed in action, except 300 who were captured or surrendered.

The 7,000 Americans killed in action have since been returned to U.S. cemeteries but the remains of more than 11,000 Japanese are still entombed in the 11 miles of tunnels and caves where they died during the battle.

Tour begins on Guam

On the military history tour, Maupin and DePrez first toured Guam and the World War II landing sites and caves used by the Japanese soldiers during their four-year occupation. They also visited museums, attended an all-day symposium on the war in the Pacific and receptions honoring the veterans.

𠇊 very emotional privilege was attending a church service with two of the veterans,” Maupin wrote.

�use the priest pointed out our group and delivered a special tribute to our veterans’ courage and sacrifice for ‘his people,’ the entire congregation erupted in long applause, and afterwards stood in lines to shake the hands of their ‘liberators,’” Maupin wrote.

“The Guamanian Chamarro natives suffered terribly under Japanese occupation and now commemorate July 21 as Liberation Day every year, in honor of the date the Marines came ashore under deadly fire in 1945 to rescue them,” he wrote.

The main highway on Guam is now formally named Marine Corps Drive.

Iwo Jima

United Airlines chartered a special flight for the two-hour trip to Iwo Jima, as it does each year for the Reunion of Honor.

When the plane approached the volcanic island, still spewing steam and gases from fumaroles, the pilot flew a low figure eight over the pork-chop shaped landscape for all the passengers to see, Maupin wrote, the same image as from 71 years ago when U.S. Army Air Force planes bombed the Japanese defenders for three months straight and then Navy and Marine Corps flyboys provided close air support to their comrades on the ground.

Seventy-one years ago the island was blackened and barren today it is verdant and peaceful, the final resting place for so many of Japan’s finest, Maupin wrote.

The contingent from Japan, consisting of government and military officials and relatives and one Japanese soldier who was a POW from another Pacific battle, arrived shortly after the Americans. Both groups participated in a formal observance, seated on opposite sides of a large Japanese memorial obelisk.

Japanese and American color guards marched in while a Marine band and the Japanese army band played national anthems.

The observance included prayers, speeches and wreath-laying ceremonies, accompanied by Americans and Japanese bowing formally to both sides.

A female soloist sang a Japanese funeral dirge, representatives of both nations played taps, and the colors were retired.

After the ceremony, people from both sides mingled and exchanged greetings and even business cards.

A veteran’s story

During the trip, Greg DePrez, who accompanied Maupin, got acquainted with Al Eutsey, one of the veterans on the military history tour.

Following is DePrez’s account of Eutsey’s story and his experience on the tour.

Al Eutsey says simply that he was born and raised in Pennsylvania, spent 40 years in California and now lives in northern Arizona.

He joined the Marines when he was 17. When he landed on Iwo Jima in February 1945, he was 20, older than most of his fellow Marines.

I don’t know any of that as I head down the corridor at Terminal 7 at Los Angeles International Airport this past March to join the Reunion of Honor tour of Iwo Jima via Guam. But I quickly learn that, since his 20th year, Al has been something special — a World War II veteran and, even more significantly, an Iwo Jima veteran, a survivor of the bloodiest Marine battle in history.

There is something unusual at Terminal 7 — a color guard. It’s composed of both a TSA honor guard team and a Marine color guard unit from Riverside National Cemetery. They’re practicing a march to the gate, with a turn and salute.

The passengers are intrigued. Word is getting out that a World War II veteran will be on this flight.

Then it’s announced: “To our passengers, please give way to Al Eutsey Jr., a 91-year-old veteran of the battle of Iwo Jima. Al is flying with the Reunion of Honor tour back to Iwo Jima to visit that famous island.”

The words “Iwo Jima” strike a chord. The crowd surges forward to watch Al’s wheelchair get rolled up to the color guard, which offers him a flag salute. He sharply returns it. And he’s rolled onto the plane.

Once on Guam, Al shows that the 71 years he’s aged since jumping off of a landing craft onto a beach of lava ash haven’t slowed him down much. With a red cane and an oxygen pack, Al pokes through the Guam battlefields and museums with the rest of the tour.

Al Eutsey recalls 1945 landing

In quiet moments, we get more of his background. Repeating stories he’s told hundreds of times, he explains with fresh enthusiasm that he had landed on Iwo Jima in February 1945 with Charlie Company, First Battalion, 28th Marines, as they made the first assault on the beach.

Their mission: Isolate Mount Suribachi, the bulging head at the tip of the dragonlike, steamy volcanic island. Cut across the island and make a “touchdown” on the other side, cutting off the heavily fortified mountain from the rest of the island.

“We got across there in an hour and 40 minutes,” Al said. We know that’s remarkable, since it took five more days of fighting to pacify Mount Suribachi enough for Marines to raise the U.S. flag on top.

Over dinner, we learn more from Al. He lives with numbers that no contemporary 20-year-old can comprehend. Two hundred fifty men in his company landed on Iwo Jima. Thirty-six days later, only six walked off. Two hundred forty-four earned Purple Hearts, and 67 died.

I remember from the reading I’ve done that entire high school graduating classes of boys promised in the war years to join the service together. The toughest wanted to be Marines.

Waiting at the Guam airport for our flight to Iwo Jima, I get my own moment with Al. I ask, 𠇍id you get injured in the battle?”

“Yup — wounded on Hill 362A.” That’s a landmark for some of the most ferocious fighting on the island.

𠇊 mortar hit me in the left chest and punched me full of holes. A corpsman had a big roll of gauze and put it in the holes.”

He looks me in the eye and says, “That corpsman saved my life. Whenever I meet a corpsman, I give him a hug.”

Al Eutsey greets a corpsman

I’m impressed with the simplicity and eternity of that commitment. And just a few minutes later, I meet a corpsman. He’s from the U.S. Naval Hospital on Guam and has joined the tour for the flight to Iwo Jima.

I wonder, would I be honoring Al or just testing him? But I do it. I tell the corpsman, “That’s Al, one of our Iwo Jima battle veterans. Introduce yourself and tell him you’re a corpsman.”

The corpsman goes over to Al. After a few words between them, Al lurches out of his wheelchair and hugs the corpsman, cane and oxygen tank dangling. The corpsman is pleased and startled. I am stung with tears.

Al gets the full but brief tour of Iwo Jima, including an hour spent on top of the mountain he helped to cut off from the rest of the island. He is gracious and patient with all who ask for his reflections on the return visit, as are all the veterans with us on the tour.

Flying home with Al again as our VIP passenger, I sort out the veterans’ stories I’ve collected. And it occurs to me that they are actually our color guard. They’ve marched years ahead of us in our parade of freedom and have paid a much deeper price.

As the surviving members of a generation of Americans who pledged themselves to a unified goal of victory in every battle, they accept with simple grace a duty to keep telling us the stories we need to hear.


5 Essential Movies and Shows About the Battle of Iwo Jima

The Battle of Iwo Jima gave us the most iconic image of World War II and represents the moment when Allied victory over Japan became inevitable. The February 1945 invasion was brutal and hard-fought, but the victory gave the United States a staging ground for the coming invasion of Japan.

Joe Rosenthal of The Associated Press took the iconic photo that's come to represent the entire War in the Pacific. Once we all accept the fact that the image is actually a reenactment of the flag-raising that occurred several hours earlier, we can marvel at its positive emotional impact on a country that had been rocked by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Hollywood has mostly let that photo represent the battle, but there are a handful of excellent productions that feature the Battle of Iwo Jima.

1. Sands of Iwo Jima (1949)

John Wayne earned his first Oscar nomination for playing Marine Sgt. John Stryker, a hard-ass hated by his men during training. Once he leads them into battle on Tarawa, his men begin to understand that Stryker was determined to teach them the skills they needed to survive and win the war.

Eventually, the unit lands on Iwo Jima and suffers heavy casualties in the battle. Wayne gives us one of his greatest scenes before the survivors witness the raising of the American flag.

"Sands of Iwo Jima" is currently available to stream on Amazon Prime, Hulu and Epix. It's also available on Blu-ray, DVD and Digital HD.

2. The Pacific (2010)

HBO and producer Steven Spielberg's 10-episode series "The Pacific" deserves to be just as beloved as "Band of Brothers." Episode 8, titled "Iwo Jima," may be the best of the entire series. Marine Sgt. John Basilone, awarded the Medal of Honor for his role at Guadalcanal, has grown tired of touring the United States as a hero salesman of war bonds.

Basilone goes back to training Marines and ends up leading his men into battle at Iwo Jima. Jon Seda's performance as Basilone is exceptional and gives the Marine the tribute he deserves.

"The Pacific" is available to stream on HBO Max. It's also available on Blu-ray, DVD and Digital HD.

3. Flags of Our Fathers (2006)

Clint Eastwood wrote and directed this movie that focuses on the men who raised the flag in the iconic photograph taken after the battle. He based his screenplay on James Bradley's book. Bradley had long believed that his father was one of the men depicted in the photo, but evidence emerged in 2016 that this was not the case.

Many of Eastwood's movies are about the aftermath of heroic moments and the impact that fame can have on an individual. "Flags of Our Fathers" falls squarely into that category. The men who survived the battle and were depicted in the photo have complicated post-war lives, and the director wants us to think about what they endured.

"Flags of Our Fathers" is available to stream on HBO Max. It's also available on Blu-ray, DVD and Digital HD.

4. Letters from Iwo Jima (2006)

Only Clint Eastwood could get away with this. When he decided to make "Flags of Our Fathers," the director also wanted to tell the story of Iwo Jima from the Japanese perspective and made this movie back-to-back with its predecessor.

Surprisingly, this Japanese-language-with-subtitles movie was a bigger box office hit when it was released a few months after "Flags of Our Fathers." It also received four Oscar nominations, including Best Picture and Best Director.

Japanese troops were in bad shape by this point in the war, and Eastwood drives home just how much they were struggling when U.S. forces landed on the island. That makes their resistance even more impressive, and the director wants the audience to recognize their valor in defeat.

"Letters from Iwo Jima" is available on Blu-ray, DVD and Digital HD.

5. To the Shores of Iwo Jima (1945)

This Oscar-nominated short documentary was mostly made during the battle and was filmed in Technicolor, a breathtaking new perspective on the war for American audiences.

However, it was war, and it's tough to get all the footage you need in the middle of a firefight. The movie includes some shots recreating the battle in Thousand Oaks, California, but you'd be hard-pressed to pick them out of the finished film.

"To the Shores of Iwo Jima" is embedded above. If you want to watch on your TV, it's also streaming on Amazon Prime and Hoopla.


Battle of Iwo Jima recalled by veterans 70 years later

WASHINGTON -- It was 70 years ago Thursday, during the Second World War, that U.S. forces began a bloody but successful battle to capture the Japanese island of Iwo Jima -- needed as a staging area to attack the mainland.

U.S. Marines of the 28th Regiment, 5th Division, raise the American flag atop Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima, on Feb. 23, 1945. Strategically located only 660 miles from Tokyo, the Pacific island became the site of one of the bloodiest, most famous battles of World War II against Japan. AP

The picture of Marines raising the flag on Iwo Jima may be the most famous ever a split second that seemed to capture all that it took to win World War II. But in truth nothing could capture the hell that was Iwo Jima.

"It cost us 7,000 American lives to take Iwo Jima," said Frank Matthews.

He was an 18-year-old private when he went ashore on the first day in relief of a 900-man regiment that had virtually been wiped out.

Frank Matthews CBS News

"They lost 750 in one five hour stretch," said Matthews. "Every inch of that beach and everything around it had been pinned down and zeroed in by the Japanese guns."

70 years later Matthews is a guide at the Marine Corps Museum where the actual flag the Marines raised on Mount Suribachi is on display.

"I'll say, 'we are showing two items today that were on the battle during the actual battle -- the flag and me,'" said Matthews.

There were 70,000 marines on Iwo Jima. Lawrence Snowden was a 23-year-old captain when he was photographed inside a crater left by a Japanese shell.

U.S. Marine Lawrence Snowden is seen in a crater on the island of Iwo Jima AP

"When we landed there were three colors -- black and gray from all the exploding ordinance," Snowden recalled. "The third color was red -- blood."

Veterans: Honoring Our Heroes

At the time, the famous flag raising on the fourth day of the battle was not the symbol of victory it later became.

"None of us doing the fighting thought that was the end by a long shot," said Snowden. "We knew we were just getting started."

At 93, Snowden is still a font of knowledge for anyone interested in the battle. Caitlin Touhey has been coming to Iwo Jima reunions since she was in high school.

"They're just great people to be around -- not just to learn from their history but just to spend time with," Touhey told me.

She laments the fact that many in her generation may not be aware of the history these veterans hold.

Caitlin Touhey CBS News

"My generation just doesn't understand the importance of that part of history and that it is going to be gone soon," Touhey told me.

However, she says, the picture is going to be around forever. And that may be the greatest thing about that photograph. It guarantees the battle of Iwo Jima and what it took to win can never be forgotten.


Pushing Inland

The Marines also found that clearing a bunker did not put it out of action as Japanese soldiers would use the tunnel network to make it operational again. This practice would be common during the battle and led to many casualties when Marines believed they were in a "secure" area. Utilizing naval gunfire, close air support, and arriving armored units, the Marines were slowly able to fight their way off the beach though losses remained high. Among those killed was Gunnery Sergeant John Basilone who had won the Medal of Honor three years earlier at Guadalcanal.

Around 10:35 AM, a force of Marines led by Colonel Harry B. Liversedge succeeded in reaching the island's western shore and cutting off Mt. Suribachi. Under heavy fire from from the heights, efforts were made over the next few days to neutralize the Japanese on the mountain. This culminated with American forces reaching the summit on February 23 and the raising of the flag atop the summit.


Events of the Battle

On December 7, 1944, U.S. Marine planes began bombing. They attacked the island almost everyday. Some days, American warships would fire on the islands for hours at a time. These bombing raids took place from December 1944 until February 1945.

Before 2am on Feb. 19, 1945, the Navy attacked the Island

February 23, 1945 The U.S. Marines raised the flag on top of Mount Suribachi. Mount Suribachi was their one of their main steps to winning the war.

March 8, 1945 The Japanese launched the attack on the Marines who were lacking weaponry.


Iwo Jima

In February 1945, eight battleships, five heavy cruisers, three light cruisers and ten destroyers met near a small volcanic island just 650 miles from Tokyo. Iwo Jima was located on the bomber route between Tokyo and Saipan in the Mariana Islands. The allies needed Iwo Jima as a base for the bomber’s fighter escort planes and for refueling and repairing B-29 bombers. The 22,000 heavily fortified Japanese on Iwo Jima were willing to fight to the death from their maze of underground caves, bunkers and tunnels to stop the allies from taking Iwo Jima.

Sunrise on February 19th was greeted with the largest naval bombardment in history and the USS NORTH CAROLINA was there. The battleship pounded the island for four days then moved to her next assignment.

“Now, in the Iwo operation while we were preparing for that the old NEW YORK had a serious breakdown. [She] was deleted from the operation and arbitrarily they picked the NORTH CAROLINA to take her place, which for the first time made the NORTH CAROLINA assigned the same as the old battleships. We were, as I recall, the anchor ship of the first units and so we were really in there about 4,000 yards. We employed for the first time…all of our batteries. We saw the whole show from beginning to end.”

-Rear Admiral Tom Morton, USN (Ret.)
(Commander Morton, Gunnery Officer, during the engagement)

“One of the best sights I can remember in the Navy was when we were starting to sweep Iwo. There was the USS NORTH CAROLINA throwing big shells onto the beach. That was a protective sight. You felt you weren’t out there by yourself.”

-Roy Benton Braswell, Quartermaster 2/c
(minesweeper USS SKIRMISH clearing harbors
and landing zones before the Marine landing)

“I remember it was foggy that morning [2/19] but the most beautiful sight was seeing the USS NORTH CAROLINA battleship coming through the fog.”

-Isaiah Springs, U.S. Army

“I could see the Marines on the beach and they were catching it! There was very slow progress that first day.”

-Willie N. Jones, Gunner’s Mate 1/c
(Assigned to mount #10, secondary battery)

“I remember looking through the rangefinder and watching the Marines land. After so much ammo it was unbelievable that any Japanese was still alive.”

-Fred Welch, Fire Controlman 2/c

“I came topside and the 16-inch guns were firing the barrels almost horizontal…. We were about two miles off the island firing point blank at the Japanese with those 1,900 pound shells. Just off the port bow there were splashes in the water where the Japanese were firing at us with small caliber stuff and I thought how ridiculous it was.”

-Charles Paty, Radioman 1/c

Special Air and Gunnery Target Map

This map was used in Secondary Battery Plot during the bombardment of Iwo Jima. The map denotes location of airfields, probable tank barrier and minefield along the beach, and Japanese weapons and defensive placements on the island. Ships were assigned areas in which to operate, targets to engage, a firing schedule and the time to “lift fire” to make way for the ship to shore troop movements.

“It should be noted that to coordinate bearing observations with the people on the navigation bridge, the prominent land features were labeled on the chart with the names of loved ones selected and agreed to by the bombardment crew. It was easier to ask for a bearing to Barb or Jean or Katie than to some Japanese name.

On day three only the 5-inch guns were fired…because we had used all the 855 rounds of high capacity 16-inch shells we had on board. After day four we withdrew and replaced all that ammunition while underway by ship to ship high line transfer.”

-Capt. Tracy Wilder, USN (Ret)
(Ensign Wilder in Secondary Battery Plot
during the Iwo Jima bombardment)

Secondary Battery Plot

Capt. Tracy Wilder, USN (Ret). He was Ensign Wilder in Secondary Battery Plot during the Iwo Jima bombardment.

Lt.(jg) James Mason, far right, was officer in charge in during the bombardment. He was commended for “his leadership, coolness under fire, and personal courage [which] enabled the ship to inflict serious damage on the enemy.” Also pictured: Jasper Ortiz, William Winston, and James Allen.

The plotting room personnel along with the aviators and fire director crews carefully studied the relief map, aerial photographs and gridded maps before the bombardment.

This simplified map of Iwo Jima was distributed to the crew. A 3-D mock- up of the island was on display on the mess decks. It had “flags on it showing how much the enemy had been pushed back on the island. You could go down there every day and see what changes they had made.”

Air Spotting

Air Spotting During the Bombardment of Iwo Jima

“When spotting, the pilot directed all firing orders to the ship via voice radio. Our orders went directly to CIC and Plot. I flew maybe 35-40 hours over Iwo and we were very well prepared beforehand. We had aerial pictures and an excellent chart of the island…this was extremely useful to identify assigned targets and record where shells actually hit.

We flew at or below 1000 feet. There were frantic calls for assistance to locate the actual area of the fire [on the beach.] During this time [2/21/45] I flew down to about 300 feet to try and locate the guns. [I went very low and I think I see the gun position now, Oliver reported back to the Ship.] It was later learned that the heavy fire came from mortars in caves….

When a salvo is fired we are alerted then on splash down we are told “splash,” therefore we know when a salvo is fired and when it is due to land, thus enabling us to maneuver to be in position to observe the splashdown and [radio back] corrections.

We launched at pre-dawn and finished up for recovery about dusk. This meant for a long day and since we didn’t return to the ship for refueling, we didn’t have an opportunity to change pilots.

-Commander Al Oliver, USN (Ret.)

“We had a map with the target on it and it was in quadrants and you would radio back to the Ship, up 50 or left 50 and you try to locate the gunfire onto the target just by voice communication.

-Lieutenant Paul Wogan, USN (Ret.)

“The new booklets of sectional gridded maps with equivalent photographs opposite were of great assistance to air spotters during the pre-firing preparations and later during the actual bombardment. The accuracy and value of the relief map, reported the pilots, looked like much more like the island than the actual photographs.”

Action Report, U.S.S. NORTH CAROLINA

“[On February 19, 1945] I got too close to a target and I got hit by anti-aircraft fire on the wing. I ran into a burst of flack. I was unable to observe that shot,” he radioed back to the Ship.

-Lt. Paul Wogan

This simplified map of Iwo Jima was distributed to the crew. A 3-D mock- up of the island was on display on the mess decks. It had “flags on it showing how much the enemy had been pushed back on the island. You could go down there every day and see what changes they had made.”

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Questions

1. a) Where and what is Iwo Jima?
b) What is significant about the U.S. capture of Iwo Jima?
c) How many U.S. Marines were killed on Iwo Jima?
d) How long did the fighting go on before the Japanese surrendered?
e) What famous image is associated with Iwo Jima?

2. Today’s Daily News Article is a human interest news story. Human interest stories differ from the regular news – they are sometimes referred to as “the story behind the story.“ The major news articles of the day tell of important happenings. Human interest stories tell of how those happenings have impacted the people or places around the story.
Why do you think this human interest story is newsworthy?

3. What inspires you most about the men who fought on Iwo Jima?

Challenge: Read “Combat photographers of Iwo Jima” and watch some of the digitized films.


Related Articles

The 75th-anniversary commemoration was the first one Cappa attended. He, too, was there with his son, Steve, 67, who prior to the event didn’t know much about his father’s service.

“He was very quiet, that sort of Greatest Generation mentality,” Steve Cappa said. “It’s been a very special thing for me. It’s really helped fill in the gaps.”

Steve Cappa listened to his father swap stories with fellow veteran Pete Mayfield.

Before Iwo Jima, Tony Cappa said, he had never been in combat. Once on the beach, he was assigned to a machine gun squad. His job was to carry the munition.

“We advanced across the airfield and saw where the Japanese had camped,” he said. “They left teacups and a stove and dead Japanese were all around. As we advanced, a Japanese sniper got the sergeant. Then the first gunner got hit and then the second gunner. I looked up and saw a rifle barrel sticking out of bushes. I saw him pull his rifle back and I fired my rifle.”

Cappa, who was honored for being the oldest Marine at Camp Pendleton on Saturday, doesn’t talk much about what happened.

“If you’ve been there, I don’t have to tell you,” the San Clemente resident said. “If you weren’t, it’s hard to explain.”


Watch the video: Letters from Iwo Jima FuLLMOvie HD QUALITY (July 2022).


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