Terebinth AN-59 - History

Terebinth AN-59 - History


(AN-59, dp. 1,275; 1. 194'6", b. 37', dr. 13'6", s. 12.1
k.; cpl. 56; a. 1 3", cl. Ailanthus)

Terebinth (AN-69) was laid down as Balm (YN-78) on 24 March 1943 at New Bern, N.C., by the Barbour Boat Works, launched on 19 August 1943; sponsored by Mrs. J. M. Mitchell, renamed Terebinth on 7 December 1943, redesignated AN-59 on 20 January 1944; and commissioned on 5 August 1944, Lt. Sandrup Bernsen, USNR, in command

Terebinth departed Morehead City, N.C., on 6 August to complete fitting out at the Norfolk Navy Yard. On the 24th, the net laying ship steamed to Melville, R.I., for shakedown training which she completed on 11 September. After operating in the 5th Naval District out of Norfolk for two months, the net layer got underway on 16 November for the west coast. She transited the Panama Canal on the 27th and reached San Francisco on 20 December 1944.

On 26 January 1945, Terebinth headed for Hawaii and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 7 February. The following week, the net layer joined a convoy which proceeded, via Johnston Island and Eniwetok, to Ulithi. She was there from 6 to 11 March when she joined units of Mine Squadron 10 bound for the Philippines. The ships arrived at San Pedro Bay 10 days later, prepared for the invasion of the Ryukyu Islands, and sortied on 19 March. They arrived off Kerama Retto on the 26th, and troops of the 77th Infantry Division landed on the beaches there at 0800 that morning. By afternoon, the main islands of the group were under American control, and Terebinth began net laying operations in the Aka Shima channel. The northern mooring was completed in the afternoon, and the last of the 1,500-foot net was in place before nightfall. The southern mooring was completed the next morning.

The invasion fleet came under enemy air attack on the first day of the campaign, and raids continued throughout the struggle for the island. A new hazard appeared on the morning of the 28th when lookouts on Terebinth sighted an unlighted boat approaching the ship's starboard bow. When challenged, the craft did not reply. Since the unidentified vessel was too close for Terebinth to bring her 3-inch gun to bear, the ship's gunners opened fire with small arms. The boat dropped a depth charge near Terebinth, veered to starboard, and sped off as a violent explosion shook the net layer. Fortunately, Terebinth was not damaged. She then took station at the eastern side of the southern net entrance to Kerama Retto and directed traffic as it entered. The ship remained at this task until 6 April when she joined a salvage group off the Hagushi beaches to aid in retrieving landing craft. On the 29th, she went alongside the damaged Pinckney (APH-2) and supplied the transport with electricity for four days while it attended to the needs of wounded men who had been evacuated from the beaches. Terebinth remained in the Ryukyus until 6 July when she retired to Leyte.

Terebinth departed San Pedro on 12 August and was approximately 60 miles south of Peleliu on the 15th when she received orders to cease offensive operations against Japan. Two days later, she anchored at Ulithi and began repairing, replacing, and salvaging buoys and nets. She then moved to Kossol Roads in the Palaus to continue the same tasks. On 14 October, the net laying ship set course for Tanapag harbor, Saipan with a load of nets. She arrived there on the 19th an] got underway for the United States on the 26th.

Terebinth arrived at San Diego on 27 November 1945 and, the next day, moved up the coast to San Pedro for inactivation. She was decommissioned on 31 January 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 26 February 1946. The ship was sold to Van Cam Sea Food Co., San Pedro, on 23 April 1946.

Terebinth received one battle star for World War II service.

Ailanthus-class net laying ship

The Ailanthus class were a group of 40 wooden-hulled net laying ships of the United States Navy built during World War II as part of the huge building programs of late 1941 and early 1942 for small patrol and mine warfare vessels. Five of the class were transferred to the British Royal Navy under Lend-Lease, and another five were converted while at their shipyards into Auxiliary Fleet Tugs, the ATA-214-class. [1]

    , Everett, Washington (10) , Stockton, California (10)
  • Barbour Boat Works, New Bern, North Carolina (4)
  • Snow Shipyards, Rockland, Maine (5) , St. Charles, Missouri (4)
  • Canuelette Shipbuilding Co., Slidell, Louisiana (7)
  • United States Navy (35)
  • Royal Navy (5)
  • 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun
  • 2, later 4 × single 20 mm AA


M-59 starts at I-96 in Howell Township as Highland Road near a large outlet mall. Highland Road carries M-59 concurrently with the westernmost section of Business Loop I-96 (BL I-96). Highland Road widens out into a boulevard south of the county airport before the roadway reaches Grand River Avenue. At this intersection, BL I-96 departs to the southwest. This section of Howell is mostly residential with tree-lined streets. The boulevard section ends near Thompson Lake and M-59 continues east through rural Livingston County as a two-lane highway crossing forested and residential areas. Halfway across Hartland Township, M-59 meets the US Highway 23 (US 23) freeway near the Hartland Plaza Shopping Center, and Highland Road widens out to a boulevard divided highway again. The route passes several small lakes and continues east into Oakland County. Running through the Highland State Recreational Area, M-59 swings to the north through rural Oakland County's lake country which comprises several lakes in dense forest lands and residential subdivisions that form the northern edge of the Metropolitan Detroit area. There is a brief gap in the Highland SRA where M-59 narrows back to two-lane road. Near Brendel Lake and the Alpine Valley Ski Area, Highland Road narrows back to two lanes for the final time. The narrowed roadway continues east, crossing the southern edge of Pontiac Lake in the state recreational area of the same name. [3] [4]

The next major landmark along M-59 is the Oakland County International Airport in Waterford Township. Highland Road begins to curve back to the south through denser suburbs as it approaches the outskirts of Pontiac. The Highland Road name gives way to Huron Street near Sylvan Lake, and M-59 crosses Telegraph Road, which carries US 24 and marks the boundary with Pontiac. Eastbound M-59 continues along Huron Street into downtown Pontiac where it crosses the northern end of Woodward Avenue, which is part of the two business loops that encircle the central business district while westbound M-59 bypasses downtown Pontiac as it follows the northern loop of Woodward. East of downtown Pontiac, M-59 widens out into a full freeway. This freeway provides access to the south side of the Pontiac Silverdome, former home of the Detroit Lions. To the east of the stadium in Auburn Hills is the cloverleaf interchange with I-75 and the North American corporate headquarters of car maker Chrysler. Continuing east through the northern Detroit suburbs, the M-59 freeway curves back to the south and crosses into Macomb County at the Dequindre Road interchange. [3] [4] Trucks carrying explosive or flammable cargo are required to exit the M-59 freeway and use the parallel service drive through the Mound Road-Merrill Road interchange just west of Utica. [5]

The M-59 freeway crosses the border between Sterling Heights and Shelby Township and ends at Van Dyke Avenue in Utica, where M-59 becomes a boulevard called Hall Road. The highway crosses the Clinton River and the southern end of the M-53 freeway. [3] This section of the highway is somewhat of a "main street" in Macomb County, as it is home to a wide variety of shopping and dining including Lakeside Mall in Sterling Heights and The Mall at Partridge Creek in Clinton Township. [6] Although it is neither officially designated nor commonly referred to as such, the Hall Road portion of M-59 is coextensive with "20 Mile Road" in the Detroit Mile Road system. Near its eastern terminus, M-59 crosses both M-97 (Groesbeck Highway) and M-3 (Gratiot Avenue). East of Gratiot, Hall Road is called the William P. Rosso Highway. M-59 ends at the freeway interchange with I-94 while Rosso Highway continues along the northern edge of Selfridge Air National Guard Base to Lake St. Clair. [4]

M-59 was first designated by July 1, 1919 between M-10 (now Bus. US 24) in Pontiac and M-19 (later US 25 and now M-3) in Mt. Clemens. [2] It would be moved to follow Hall Road exclusively on the east end in 1932. [7] [8] The west end was extended in 1936 to end at the Livingston–Oakland county line. [9] [10] The extension to US 23 in Hartland was finished by 1938. [11] The east end was extended again in 1939 along US 25 and over to M-29 in New Baltimore. [12] The east end was rerouted again between Mt. Clemens and New Baltimore over another former alignment of M-29 in late 1947 or early 1948. [13] [14] The eastern terminus was truncated to M-29 east of US 25/Gratiot Avenue in 1961. [15] [16]

Another extension on the west end moved M-59 to end at US 16 in Howell by 1960. [17] [18] The west end was extended with the new BL I-96 in Howell to end at the newly opened I-96 freeway in 1962. [16] [19] The east end was rerouted to end at I-94 in 1963. [19] [20]

M-59 was converted into a freeway starting in 1966 with the first segment between Pontiac and Auburn Road near Rochester. [21] [22] A second segment opened in 1972 east to Mound Road in Utica. [23] [24] Segments were converted to divided highway in Oakland County in 1984 through 1986. [25] [26] The east end was reconstructed in 1995–97 and converted to a six- to eight-lane divided highway. [27] [28] The freeway was extended east in 1998 to Van Dyke Avenue in Utica the same year, the eastern end was rerouted off Gratiot Avenue and 23 Mile Road to end at a different interchange with I-94, eliminating the concurrency with M-3. [29] [30] The old routing of M-59 along Auburn Road in Rochester Hills is still maintained by MDOT. [31]

In 2010, MDOT started the process of expanding M-59 from two lanes to three in each direction between Crooks Road and Ryan Road, using funding from the Federal stimulus bill of 2009. [32] With this improvement, M-59 is now at least three lanes each way from I-75 to I-94. [33]

In 2017, MDOT started the reconstruction of M-59 (Hall Road) from M-53 to Romeo Plank Rd. This construction is expected to last through 2018.

Terebinth AN-59 - History

(1) 'elah (Isaiah 6:13, the King James Version "teil tree" Ho 4:13, the King James Version "elms") in Genesis 35:4 (the King James Version "oak") Judges 6:11, 19 Judges 9:6 (the King James Version "plain") 2 Samuel 18:9, 10, 14 1 Kings 13:14 1 Chronicles 10:12 Isaiah 1:30 Ezekiel 6:13, translated "oak," and in margin "terebinth" "vale of Elah," margin "the terebinth" in 1 Samuel 17:2, 19 1 Samuel 21:9.

(2) 'elim (Isaiah 1:29, "oaks," margin "terebinths").

(3) 'allah (Joshua 24:26, English Versions of the Bible have "oak," but the Septuagint terebinthos).

(4) 'elon, "oak (margin, "terebinth") of Zaanannim" (Joshua 19:33 Judges 4:11) "oak (the Revised Version margin "terebinth," the King James Version "plain") of Tabor" (1 Samuel 10:3) also Genesis 12:6 Genesis 13:18 Genesis 14:13 1 Samuel 10:3 Deuteronomy 11:30 Judges 6:19 all translated "oak" or "oaks," with margin "terebinth" or "terebinths."

(5) In Genesis 14:6 Septuagint has terebinthos, as the translation of the el of El-paran.

(6) In Ecclesiasticus 24:16 terem (b)inthos, the King James Version turpentine tree," the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth."

It is clear that the translators are uncertain which translation is correct, and it would seem not improbable that then there was no clear distinction between oak and terebinth in the minds of the Old Testament. writers yet the two are very different trees to any but the most superficial observation.

The terebinth-Pistacia terebinthus (Natural Order, Anacardiaceae), Arabic Butm-is a tree allied to the P. vera, which produces the pistachio nut, and to the familiar "pepper tree" (Schinus molle) so extensively cultivated in modern Palestine. Like the latter the terebinth has red berries, like small immature grapes. The leaves are pinnate, four to six pairs, and they change color and fall in autumn, leaving the trunk bare (compare Isaiah 1:30). The terebinth is liable to be infected by many showy galls, some varieties looking like pieces of red coral. In Palestine, this tree assumes noble proportions, especially in situations when, from its association with some sacred tomb, it is allowed to flourish undisturbed. It is in such situations not infrequently as much as 40 ft. high and spreads its branches, with their thick, dark-green foliage, over a wide area (compare 2 Samuel 18:9, 14 Ecclesiasticus 24:16). Dwarfed trees occur among the brushwood all over the land.

From this tree a kind of turpentine is obtained, hence, the alternative name "turpentine tree" (Ecclesiasticus 24:16 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth").

425. Elah -- "terebinth," an Israelite name, also an Edomite name
. 424, 425. Elah. 426 . "terebinth," an Israelite name, also an Edomite name.
Transliteration: Elah Phonetic Spelling: (ay-law') Short Definition: Elah. .
/hebrew/425.htm - 6k

356. Elon -- "terebinth," an Israelite name, also a Hittite, also .
. Elon. 357 . "terebinth," an Israelite name, also a Hittite, also a city in Dan.
Transliteration: Elon Phonetic Spelling: (ay-lone') Short Definition: Elon. .
/hebrew/356.htm - 6k

364. El Paran -- "terebinth of Paran," a city and harbor on the .
. El Paran. 365 . "terebinth of Paran," a city and harbor on the Red Sea.
Transliteration: El Paran Phonetic Spelling: (ale paw-rawn') Short Definition: El- .
/hebrew/364.htm - 6k

352d. ayil -- a terebinth
. ayil. 353 . a terebinth. Transliteration: ayil Short Definition: oaks. Word Origin
from the same as ulam Definition a terebinth NASB Word Usage oaks (3). .
/hebrew/352d.htm - 5k

358. Elon Beth Chanan -- "terebinth of (the) house of favor," a .
. "terebinth of (the . Word Origin from Elon, bayith and chanan Definition "terebinth
of (the) house of favor," a place in Dan NASB Word Usage Elonbeth-hanan (1). .
/hebrew/358.htm - 6k

436. elon -- a terebinth
. a terebinth. Transliteration: elon Phonetic Spelling: (ay-lone') Short Definition:
oak. . from ayil Definition a terebinth NASB Word Usage oak (6), oaks (4). plain .
/hebrew/436.htm - 6k

Chapter xxxv
. they turned over to Jacob all the foreign gods in their possession and the rings
that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth near Shechem .
/. // of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxv.htm

Fragment x. Of the Patriarch Jacob. .
. country, on account of the violation of their sister, buried at Shecem the gods
which he had with him near a rock under the wonderful terebinth, [1096] which .
/. /africanus/the writings of julius africanus/fragment x of the patriarch.htm

Table of Contents
/. /emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/table of contents.htm

The Flight into Egypt and St. John the Baptist in the Desert
. 10. THE GROVE OF MOREH. ABRAHAM'S TEREBINTH TREE. . It was Abraham's terebinth tree,
near the grove of Moreh, not far from Shechem, Thanath, Shiloh, and Aruma. .
/. /emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/xvi the flight into egypt.htm

The Leafless Tree
. shall be preserved, and then even this small part shall be subjected to many perils
yet Israel shall not be destroyed, for it shall be as a terebinth tree and .
/. /spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 3 1857/the leafless tree.htm

The Census and the Journey of the Holy Family
were to rest, she stood still, as here by the terebinth tree. .
/. /emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/x the census and the.htm

Chapter xxxiv
. they turned over to Jacob all the foreign gods in their possession and the rings
that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth near Shechem .
/. / of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxiv.htm

Chapter xii
. 6, 7, And Abram passed through the land as far as the place Shechem to the terebinth
of Moreh, and the Canaanites were in the land at that time. .
// of genesis volume 1/chapter xii.htm

Spoken in Antioch in the Old Church, as it was Called.
. bees, so fear hath driven away our swarms and what the prophet says, bewailing
Jerusalem, we may fitly say now, "Our city is become like a terebinth that hath .
/. /chrysostom/on the priesthood/homily ii spoken in antioch.htm

That He Ordered a Church to be Built at Mambre.
. 18:1), and others, has "plains," though the Septuagint and ancient interpreters
generally render it, as here, by "oak," some by "terebinth" (turpentine tree .
/. /pamphilius/the life of constantine/chapter li that he ordered a.htm

. Teil tree. (an old name for the lime-tree, the tilia), Isaiah 6:13, the terebinth,
or turpentine-tree, the Pistacia terebinthus of botanists. .
/t/teil.htm - 7k

Mamre (10 Occurrences)
. 1) The modern tradition points to a magnificent oak (Quercus ilex, Arabic Sindian),
1 1/2 miles West-Northwest of the modern city, as the terebinth of Abraham .
/m/mamre.htm - 16k

Elah (17 Occurrences)
. Easton's Bible Dictionary Terebinth or oak. (1.) Valley of, where the Israelites
were encamped when David killed Goliath (1 Samuel 17:2, 19). .
/e/elah.htm - 17k

Oak (22 Occurrences)
. (1.) `El occurs only in the word El-paran (Genesis 14:6). The LXX. renders by
"terebinth." In the plural form this word occurs in Isaiah 1:29 57:5 (AV marg. .
/o/oak.htm - 33k

. Easton's Bible Dictionary Hosea 4:13 rendered "terebinth" in the Revised
Version. It is the Pistacia terebinthus of Linn., a tree .
/e/elm.htm - 7k

Elon (8 Occurrences)
. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ELON (1). e'-lon ('elon "terebinth"): (1) A Zebulunite,
who judged Israel ten years, and was buried in Aijalon (Judges 12:11, 12). .
/e/elon.htm - 10k

Absalom's (16 Occurrences)
. And Absalom was riding upon his mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of
a great terebinth, and his head caught hold of the terebinth, and he was .
/a/absalom's.htm - 12k

. 5:7, etc.) to the repeated mention of the most characteristic products of modern
Palestine-the olive and fig, the vine and almond, the oak and the terebinth. .
/b/botany.htm - 38k

. Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation
of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree . tur'-pen-tin. See TEREBINTH. .
/t/turpentine.htm - 6k

Genesis 12:6
And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Shechem, unto the oak of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.
(See JPS)

Genesis 35:4
And they gave unto Jacob all the foreign gods which were in their hand, and the rings which were in their ears and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem.

Judges 6:11
And the angel of Jehovah came, and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.
(See JPS)

Judges 6:19
And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of meal: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it out unto him under the oak, and presented it.
(See JPS)

Judges 9:6
And all the men of Shechem assembled themselves together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar that was in Shechem.
(See JPS)

1 Samuel 10:3
Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the oak of Tabor and there shall meet thee there three men going up to God to Beth-el, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:
(See JPS)

2 Samuel 18:9
And Absalom chanced to meet the servants of David. And Absalom was riding upon his mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between heaven and earth and the mule that was under him went on.

2 Samuel 18:10
And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanging in an oak.

2 Samuel 18:14
Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak.

1 Kings 13:14
And he went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that camest from Judah? And he said, I am.

1 Chronicles 10:12
all the valiant men arose, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

Isaiah 1:30
For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.

Isaiah 6:13
If there is a tenth left in it, that also will in turn be consumed: as a terebinth , and as an oak, whose stock remains when they are felled so the holy seed is its stock."

Ezekiel 6:13
And ye shall know that I am Jehovah, when their slain men shall be among their idols round about their altars, upon every high hill, on all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the places where they offered sweet savor to all their idols.

Hosea 4:13
They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains, and burn incense on the hills, under oaks and poplars and terebinths, because its shade is good. Therefore your daughters play the prostitute, and your brides commit adultery.

Under The Oak And Terebinth Trees

Anemones (Heb. kalaniot) flowering in the Galilee towards the end of the winter rainy season.

This week we celebrate the Jewish holiday of Tu b’Shevat, the 15th day of the month of Shevat, which marks the first day of the new year for trees. Trees? The Jewish calendar marks the new year with the festival of Rosh Hashanah, which takes place every fall. Why do we need a separate new year for trees, and why does this take place in the middle of the winter?

Calculating the age of a tree is important for determining a whole host of Jewish agricultural laws that are incumbent upon trees: orlah, maaser sheni and other tithes. But why celebrate this birthday in the cold of February? In the Land of Israel, the winter is not at all a dead period characterized by bare trees and frozen ground. On the contrary! The winter is the rainy season when the landscape is covered in green grass and leafy trees, as seen in the image above. The fruit trees of the Land (such as the almond seen below) begin to flower in late January, and so this was chosen as the most suitable date to mark the birthday of all trees in the Land.

An almond tree in bloom, late January – early February.

In this post I want to share a few words about two very famous (and misunderstood) trees that appear frequently in the Bible: the oak and the terebinth. Let us begin by looking at a famous biblical passage. In the Book of Joshua, the sibling tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh complain to Joshua that they have not been given enough territory. His response to them is to go ahead and appropriate more territory, but there is a catch: the forests need to be cleared.

Then Joshua said to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim and Manasseh, “You are indeed a numerous people, and have great power you shall not have one lot only, but the hill country shall be yours, for though it is a forest, you shall clear it and possess it to its farthest borders for you shall drive out the Canaanites, though they have chariots of iron, and though they are strong.” (Joshua 17:17-18)

What exactly does Joshua mean when says clear the “forest”? Much of the central hill country of the Land of Israel was forested in antiquity. But contrary to the assumptions of many modern readers, these forests were not thick densely wooded areas with tall trees, as for example this forest in Sweden:

Or this ancient forest which stretches across the border between Poland and Belarus:

Rather, in the Bible the Hebrew word יער (ya’ar often translated as “forest”) really means scrubland, an area covered in dense vegetation making it unsuitable for agriculture. The technical term for this type of landscape is a “Mediterranean woodlands”, an old-growth native forest in the Land of Israel containing five layers from the ground up: (1) grasses, (2) knee height shrubs (batta), (3) chest-height shrubs (garigue), (4) trees (maquis) and (5) vines. Due to deforestation, there are very few such forests left.

Two of the most common trees in the Mediterranean forest are the elah (אלה) and the alon (אלון). Both of these Hebrew words are commonly translated as “oak” or “terebinth” in English Bibles, leading to quite a bit of confusion. The reason for this translation mix-up is that, despite the fact that they are two distinct species, these two trees really have much in common. Even seasoned nature guides sometimes find them difficult to tell apart.

The elah tree, most often translated as “terebinth”, bears the the Latin name Pistacia palaestina, meaning it is related to the pistachio tree. Many famous trees in the Hebrew Bible are terebinths, for example: the tree under which Jacob buried Laban’s idols (Gen. 35:4) and the tree in Orpah under which the angel who visited Gideon sat (Judg. 6:11). The most famous appearance of an elah in the Bible is the Valley of Elah where the battle of David and Goliath took place (1 Sam. 17). Presumably the valley got its name due to the large number of elah trees that grew here in the past.

The alon tree, most often translated as “oak”, bears the name Quercus calliprinos. In popular literature it is also known as a Kermes oak. The alon is mentioned in the Bible as the first tree encountered by Abram upon entering the land (Gen. 12:6) and the tree under which Deborah, the nurse of Rebecca, was buried (Gen. 35:8) and the . The alon is also famously mentioned as a well-known landmark near the important Judahite city of Hebron: Elonei Mamre. This was one of the important settlement bases used by Abraham. He also buried Sarah in a cave here, which later became the national mausoleum containing the bodies of: Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob, Leah.

The Cave of Machpelah, Hebron

Because they are among the only relatively tall trees in the Land, the alon and elah were thought to possess divine strength. The words alon and elah both contain the Hebrew root אל (el), referring back to their sacred status in the Canaanite cult of El. Consequently, both these trees were the subject of much criticism from the prophets in the Hebrew Bible. For example, Hosea writes:

My people ask a wooden statue of a god for advice.
They get answers from a stick of wood.
They are as unfaithful as prostitutes.
They are not faithful to their God.
They offer sacrifices on the mountaintops.
They burn offerings on the hills.
They worship under oak (alon), poplar (livneh) and terebinth (elah) trees.
The trees provide plenty of shade. (Hosea 4:12-13)

Another reason that the alon and elah might have become the subject of idolatrous worship is because both are very sturdy trees which have a miraculous ability regenerate when cut down. As Isaiah writes: “But as the terebinth and oak leave stumps when they are cut down, so the holy seed will be the stump in the land” (Isaiah 6:13). Here is a photograph of an alon that has seemingly come back to life.

An alon that has sprouted several new trunks

Notice the many trunks that have sprouted out of the original trunk. Some scholars think that the well-known messianic prophecy of “a shoot out of the stump of Jesse” in Isaiah 11 might be a reference to an elah or alon tree.

A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse
from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.
The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him—
the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding,
the Spirit of counsel and of might,
the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the LORD—
and he will delight in the fear of the LORD. (Isaiah 11:1-3)

Today, many of the elah and alon trees in Israel today are more like bushes than trees due to overgrazing of sheep and goats. Rather than growing tall, they spread horizontally becoming squat bushes, as you can see in the image below. But on they live! Happy Tu B’Shevat!

Terebinth AN-59 - History

One of a kind laboratory - ancient evidence modern technology

Map - wine's whereabouts: then and now

The grapevine & tree resins - nature's ingredients

Tree Resins

The terebinth tree continues to be abundant in the Middle East, growing even in desert areas. A single tree, which can grow to as much as 12 meters high, can yield up to 2 kilograms of resin.

Pliny the Elder, the famous 1st century A.D. Roman encyclopedist, devoted a good part of one of his books to the problem of preventing wine from turning to vinegar. Tree resins--pine, cedar, and often terebinth (which Pliny described as the "best and most elegant" resin)--were added to Roman wines for just this purpose. Roman also used resins for medicinal purposes indeed, modern chemical investigations have proven that resins can kill certain bacteria, thereby protecting organic compounds from degradation.

Winemaking is very much constrained by the grapevine itself, even given the necessary containers and the means of preservation. The wild vine is dioecious (meaning it has unisexual flowers on separate plants that must be pollinated by insects). Only the female plant produces fruit.

The wild grapevine grows today through the temperate Mediterranean basin, as well as in parts of western and central Asia. Sometime during the Neolithic Period, the wild Eurasian grapevine was eventually developed as our domesticated type. The domestic vine's advantages over the wild type can be traced to its hermaphrodism (bisexual flowers occur together in the same plant, enabling self-pollination by the wind and fruit production by every flower).

یواس‌اس تربینس (ای‌ان-۵۹)

یواس‌اس تربینس (ای‌ان-۵۹) (به انگلیسی: USS Terebinth (AN-59) ) یک کشتی است که طول آن 194' 6" می‌باشد. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۳ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس تربینس (ای‌ان-۵۹)
آغاز کار: ۱۹ اوت ۱۹۴۳
اعزام: ۵ اوت ۱۹۴۴
مشخصات اصلی
وزن: 1,100 tons
درازا: 194' 6"
پهنا: 37'
آبخور: 13' 6"
سرعت: 12 knots

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.

Microbiology Case Study: A 59 Year Old with History of Rheumatoid Arthritis

A 59 year old male with a history of rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis C, non-small cell lung carcinoma presents to his rheumatologist. His joint pain has responded well to adalimumab and methotrexate, but over the past month his left elbow has become increasingly painful, despite multiple corticosteroid injections there. He does not report any fevers or chills. On physical exam, his left elbow is warm and swollen. Synovial fluid is aspirated and sent for gram stain and culture.

Image 1. Initial Gram stain findings. Image 2. Growth on potato flake agar.

The yeast was identified as Candida parapsilosis, a common environmental species of Candida that is becoming increasingly prevalent as a cause of invasive candidal disease. It is easily transmitted by contact and is a source of nosocomial infections. It has the ability to form a biofilm and, thus, has a predilection for indwelling catheters and prosthetic devices. Highest-risk groups include immunocompromised patients, surgical patients, and very low-birth weight neonates.

The microbiology findings exemplify how fungi can be broadly categorized based on how they grow (as a yeast or a mold) in the host and in culture (a cooler environment). In this particular case, the initial gram stain (figure 1), representative of the phenotype in the host, demonstrates neutrophils with intracellular organisms with visible cell walls, suggestive of an active yeast infection with ongoing phagocytosis. The potato flake agar (figure 2) is also growing a yeast. Thus, the pathogen is classified as a yeast. In contrast, molds are characterized by the development of hyphae, which give them their classic “fluffy” appearance in culture (absent in this case). A clinically important subset of this group, the dimorphic fungi, are defined by a yeast phenotype in the host and a mold phenotype in culture.

  1. McGinnis, M, and S Tyring. (1996). Medical Microbiology (4 th Edition). Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.
  2. McPherson, R, and M Pincus. (2011). Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management By Laboratory Methods (22 nd Edition, pp. 1155-1184). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders.
  3. Trofa, D, A Gacser, and J Nosanchuck. “Candida parapsilosis, an Emerging Fungal Pathogen.” Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008 Oct 21(4): 606-625.

-Frederick Eyerer, MD is a 3 rd year anatomic and clinical pathology resident at the University of Vermont Medical Center.

-Christi Wojewoda, MD, is the Director of Clinical Microbiology at the University of Vermont Medical Center and an Associate Professor at the University of Vermont.

The Wonderful Truth

Genesis 12:6 - Abram traveled through the land as far as the site of the great tree of Moreh at Shechem.

I wonder how big the great tree of Moreh was. It was obviously a well-known landmark. How old was it? Did anyone back then have any idea? If it started growing right after the Flood, it could have been about 400 years old by Abram's time.

What kind of tree was it? Cedar? Oak?

Where did the name Moreh come from? A place? A person?

I'm curious. Could you please tell me what brought you to this page by mentioning it in a comment? I won't publish the comment, if you ask me not to.


Ah! I just was reading Genesis and I came to 12:6 and thought "The great tree of Moreh! That sounds incredible" and was enthralled. I love the cultural bits added to Genesis.
So I took out some paper and started to draw what I thought it would look like. Then I typed "The Great Tree of Moreh" into google and found this.
I loved that others are enthralled by this.

Same here! I thought that it must have been a mighty tree if it warranted a mention in the Bible. I would very much have liked to see it.

Doing some further research, one bible commentary suggested this the Canaanites had shrines of teachers usually in oak trees. Morah maybe have been one of their greater teachers. Interesting.

Moreh may have been a teacher. maybe, but in Deuteronomy, 11: 30 it says "the great trees of Moreh"
To which it goes on to figure. there must be more than one due to the pluralization.

i was just going through the Bible, in Genesis at the time Abraham had his calling. As he untertook his journy with his son Lot ,he travelled quite a distance hovever despite this, the tree was still visible. Amazing

I stumbled across your blog due to some research about Abram for a history class I am teaching. I am quite intrigued by the fact that whoever wrote Genesis (and especially these Abram/Abraham narratives) knew that this tree would be known to the readers of that time. Or if this was oral history, at first, then they would recognize this landmark. My question is what is its significance? Have you found any further information regarding who or what Moreh was? What was special about this tree or these trees.

Sorry, Tamera, I have no new information for you.

Before Moses wrote these facts, they were probably passed down orally. Then again, it is entirely possible that someone wrote them down in another book before Moses recorded them here.

The significance of the tree itself seems to be mainly as a landmark. It (or they) may have been around for dozens, if not hundreds, of years by the time of this writing.

A reference to Moreh might be similar to a modern day reference to a man-made object such as the Great Wall or the Eiffel Tower - anything that most people would know about and be able to locate.

I've long been curious about "The Great tree of Moreh." Just came up on in again as I start a yearly Bible reading plan. Decided to google it this time. Disappointing that we can't do much more than speculate, but I'd imagine it must have been quite a spectacular site. I picture it something on order of the Sequoias in California. Of course, still being a part of the earlier creation, maybe it even dwarfed the Sequoias.

I've long been curious about "The Great tree of Moreh." Just came up on in again as I start a yearly Bible reading plan. Decided to google it this time. Disappointing that we can't do much more than speculate, but I'd imagine it must have been quite a spectacular site. I picture it something on order of the Sequoias in California. Of course, still being a part of the earlier creation, maybe it even dwarfed the Sequoias.

I am amazed that people are interested in an old tree, however great,that ceased to exist a very long time ago!
When was the last comment written? This train of treeline seems to have started in 2008.

I wonder if the "tree" was that large because of the region in which it grew. Many of the items in the Bible suggesting a large mass have been "traditionally" smaller. Case in point, "The Mount of Olives" or the location of "The Sermon on the Mount"?

I've read the Bible from Genesis to Revelations several times but never studied the Word. Beginning anew with Genesis, I want to begin studying the Word. Strangely enough, I don't ever remember seeing the Great Tree of Moreh and decided to look it up.

I've recently been realizing th fact that EVERY single word in the bible is relevant and has a significant meaning. God just doesn't decode to put in a random detail or landmark of the time. Though the tree may just be a landmark to the people of that time, later throughout the bible it amounts to so much more.
In the Greek translation this verse translates to "Yahweh appears to Abraham" this tree was the first time that God had actually appeared to Abraham and signified a change in his relations to man. Also at the site of this tree was where the first pillar of the patriarchs was built. Showing that this was a very significant an special place to God which also shows that it was even more special that he gave this land to Abraham and his decendants which would become Israel. Showing how God was choosing them as his special nation.
Quite a while after this when the isrealites had finnished roaming in the desert for 40 years (the number symbolizing testing, a whole different topic) this tree was where they crossed over the river and renewed their covenant with God by building the altar with the 12 stones. This all happened at the base of this tree.
This tree was a significant symbol to God. It to me, symbolizes a new beginning with his relationship to man, his covenant with Abraham (which the ceremony of the covenant was done at the base of this tree as well) and the start of a new nation in the promise land.
I'm sure with more research there could be mre answers and textual ties with the tree, but this is just what I have found according to history and the scriptures in the short amount of time I have spent on the subject

@Previous Anonymous Commenter: Thank you for your input. It would have been better if you would have cited references for your conclusions. I'm not saying they aren't true, but you do make some inferences that aren't immediately apparent.

There are only 2 direct references to the tree(s) of Moreh. One is the Genesis 12 verse that started this thread. The other is in Deuteronomy 11:29-30 - When the LORD your God has brought you into the land you are entering to possess, you are to proclaim on Mount Gerizim the blessings, and on Mount Ebal the curses. As you know, these mountains are across the Jordan, west of the road, toward the setting sun, near the great trees of Moreh, in the territory of those Canaanites living in the Arabah in the vicinity of Gilgal.

For those seeking more on the "tree of Moreh," go a google search for Terebinth, which the the hebrew word for "might" tree. Clearly a significant location for the meeting between man and God. The word "Moreh" means "teacher" and is some indication of what happens there. I wonder as we start the "covenant" all over again, if this tree is not another witness to the "tree in the midst of the garden." The OT image of "tree which shall not be removed" and the ultimate "tree of life" are all points where the affirmation of the world God creates and the way he witnesses his presence in our midst is powerful.

does anyone think it possible that it was a Sequoia, they use to be all over the world but they environment is limited now. We saw them this past summer and THEY WERE GREAT TREES.

I read the devotional from Our Daily Bread and it has Genesis 12:1-8. I, too, was curious as to what I could find out about The Terebinth Tree of Moreh.

PHMannes I think you are on to something, I have been researching this quite diligently and in several versions now tracing back to the Hebrew roots, In the NIV version it says "the great tree of Moreh" the NKJV says "the terebinth tree of Moreh" and in the Restoration Scriptures it says "to the plain of Moreh" and in this instance plain means Heb. 'elon (Gen. 12:6 13:18 14:13 18:1 Deut. 11:30 Judg. 9:6), more correctly "oak," as in the Revised Version margin, "terebinth." So there is the scripture to back up part of 12:6 in Genesis but in Hebrew Moreh does mean "Teacher" and so I think that it is a reminder of the covenant that the Lord made with Abram, with being the father of nations. I also believe that the number 4, whether it be 4, 40, 400, 44, 4000, whatever stands for the Messiah, the son of God! So I believe this "Oak tree" is also a shadow picture of what was to come. The Messiah, "teacher", he spent time in the wilderness and if not mistaken taught by. just my studies on this subject thought I'd share.

Genesis 12:6 about the great tree that is in discussion I have also been studying and in the Restoration Scriptures it says "to the plain of Moreh" and looking up Plain in a Hebrew dictionary you find. "Heb. 'elon (Gen. 12:6 13:18 14:13 18:1 Deut. 11:30 Judg. 9:6), more correctly "oak," as in the Revised Version margin, "terebinth."". In the NIV it says, "the great tree of Moreh". And the NKJV says, "the terebinth tree of Moreh". Now also looking up Moreh in the Hebrew dictionary I found that it said "Teacher" which I found quite interesting to say the least. Because I see it as reminder of the covenant with Abram that he will be the father of the nations, I also see it as a shadow picture of the coming of the Messiah and how he was a "teacher" he "taught by trees" "The tree of life" I mean there are so many things that can remind us of what has happened and show us what is going to happen in the future if we just look at what it says deep enough. I also believe that any number with a 4 in it resembles or is because of or is in reference to or has something to do with the Messiah! Something to think about in your studies. Just things I have learned and come to learn and understand hope it is helpful! God Bless!

Was there not found A tree base/branches that were petrified and it was almost a mile wide ??

I found most of these comments quite interesting. I too am a student and teacher of the bible, and ones knowledge of the Bible is endless and the journey of understanding the Bible more enriches and deepens ones relationship with God! James 4:8. I wanted to see a picture of the Moreh trees and learn more about the area (land)from our weekly bible reading, and came across your comments.

I wanted to extended another resource library to any who would be interested in more information about the Moreh trees its location of relevance to why God instructed Abram/Abraham (as God later changed his and Sarai's name)the fulfillment of his family arriving near to Moreh, near Shechem, and how this Vital Biblical time has a greater fulfillment and relevance for our day and in our near future.

Please visit the Website, click on Publications, then Online Library. Type in Moreh etc. I think you will be inspired by what you read. It's an outstanding research tool for all biblically questions along with a wealth of historical and future prophecies already fulfilled and those that have yet to be fulfilled in our very near future. If your native tongue is not English, in the upper right hand corner type in your native language (which is the language of your heart) and allow God to continue to speak to you.

If we look at family trees,this becomes clearer.The Great tree of Moreh was located in the realm of Sihon the Great King of the A-mor-ites. Shortly after this Ab-raham is blessed by Melchi-zedic the King of Salem and priest of God Most High. Was Melchi an A-mor-ite?
If so,We know who the true King of Jerusalem is and if we are looking for a Meshiak or Messianic figure,the bloodline of the Moreh's would lead us to such a being.

If we look at family trees,this becomes clearer.The Great tree of Moreh was located in the realm of Sihon the Great King of the A-mor-ites. Shortly after this Ab-raham is blessed by Melchi-zedic the King of Salem and priest of God Most High. Was Melchi an A-mor-ite?
If so,We know who the true King of Jerusalem is and if we are looking for a Meshiak or Messianic figure,the bloodline of the Moreh's would lead us to such a being.

In my studying of the bible, I too was enthralled upon hearing of this tree so naturally I needed to find out more information about it. I love the way your mind operates! May God continue to bless you, prosper you, and use you to bring glory to His Name.


The Hebrew terms calling for consideration here are: "elah" (Gen. xxxv. 4 Judges vi. 11, 19, and elsewhere) "el" (only in the plural form "elim" Isa. i. 29, lvii. 5, A. V. "idols," R. V. "oaks" lxi. 3, A. V. "trees") "elon" (Gen. xii. 6, A. V. "plain" R. V. "oak" xiii. 18) "allah" (Josh. xxiv. 26, E. V. "oak") and "allon" (Gen. xxxv. 8 Isa. ii. 13, xliv. 14, and often E. V. "oak"). All these terms may have originally denoted large, strong trees in general (comp. the Latin robur), comprising both the oak and the terebinth, which are similar in outward appearance. But "elah" (which in Isa. vi. 13 and Hos. iv. 13 is distinguished from "allon") and its cognates "elon" and "elim" are assumed to mean the terebinth, while "allon" (which is repeatedly connected with Bashan [Isa. ii. 13 Ezek. xxvii. 6 Zech. xi. 2], a district famous for its oaks) and "allah" are assumed to denote the oak.

Both the oak and the terebinth offered favorite resorts for religious practises (Isa. i. 29, lvii. 5 Ezek. vi. 13 Hos. iv. 13), and were associated with theophanies (Judges vi. 11 comp. Gen. xii. 6 Judges ix. 37). By reason of their striking appearance and their longevity they served also as topographical landmarks (Gen. xxxv. 8 Judges iv. 11, vi. 11, ix. 6 I Sam. x. 3, xvii. 2). The custom of burial beneath these trees is mentioned (Gen. xxxv.8 I Chron. x. 12). Oak timber was used for the manufacture of idols (Isa. xliv. 14) and for ship-building (Ezek. xxvii. 6). The oak and the terebinth are employed as emblems of strength and durability (Amos ii. 9 Isa. lxi. 3).

According to Tristram, the following three species of oak are at present common in Palestine: (1) the prickly evergreen oak (Quercus pseudo-coccifera), abundant in Gilead the most famous exemplar of this species is the so-called "Abraham's oak" near. Hebron, measuring 23 feet in girth with a diameter of foliage of about 90 feet (see Abraham's Oak) (2) the Valona oak (Q. Ægilops), common in the north and supposed to represent the "oaks of Bashan" (3) the Oriental gall-oak (Q. infectoria), on Carmel.

The terebinth (Pistacia Terebinthus) is abundant in the south and southeast. See Forest.

Watch the video: 59. Origins of the Jews of North Africa Jewish History Lab (January 2022).