(AN-59, dp. 1,275; 1. 194'6", b. 37', dr. 13'6", s. 12.1
k.; cpl. 56; a. 1 3", cl. Ailanthus)
Terebinth (AN-69) was laid down as Balm (YN-78) on 24 March 1943 at New Bern, N.C., by the Barbour Boat Works, launched on 19 August 1943; sponsored by Mrs. J. M. Mitchell, renamed Terebinth on 7 December 1943, redesignated AN-59 on 20 January 1944; and commissioned on 5 August 1944, Lt. Sandrup Bernsen, USNR, in command
Terebinth departed Morehead City, N.C., on 6 August to complete fitting out at the Norfolk Navy Yard. On the 24th, the net laying ship steamed to Melville, R.I., for shakedown training which she completed on 11 September. After operating in the 5th Naval District out of Norfolk for two months, the net layer got underway on 16 November for the west coast. She transited the Panama Canal on the 27th and reached San Francisco on 20 December 1944.
On 26 January 1945, Terebinth headed for Hawaii and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 7 February. The following week, the net layer joined a convoy which proceeded, via Johnston Island and Eniwetok, to Ulithi. She was there from 6 to 11 March when she joined units of Mine Squadron 10 bound for the Philippines. The ships arrived at San Pedro Bay 10 days later, prepared for the invasion of the Ryukyu Islands, and sortied on 19 March. They arrived off Kerama Retto on the 26th, and troops of the 77th Infantry Division landed on the beaches there at 0800 that morning. By afternoon, the main islands of the group were under American control, and Terebinth began net laying operations in the Aka Shima channel. The northern mooring was completed in the afternoon, and the last of the 1,500-foot net was in place before nightfall. The southern mooring was completed the next morning.
The invasion fleet came under enemy air attack on the first day of the campaign, and raids continued throughout the struggle for the island. A new hazard appeared on the morning of the 28th when lookouts on Terebinth sighted an unlighted boat approaching the ship's starboard bow. When challenged, the craft did not reply. Since the unidentified vessel was too close for Terebinth to bring her 3-inch gun to bear, the ship's gunners opened fire with small arms. The boat dropped a depth charge near Terebinth, veered to starboard, and sped off as a violent explosion shook the net layer. Fortunately, Terebinth was not damaged. She then took station at the eastern side of the southern net entrance to Kerama Retto and directed traffic as it entered. The ship remained at this task until 6 April when she joined a salvage group off the Hagushi beaches to aid in retrieving landing craft. On the 29th, she went alongside the damaged Pinckney (APH-2) and supplied the transport with electricity for four days while it attended to the needs of wounded men who had been evacuated from the beaches. Terebinth remained in the Ryukyus until 6 July when she retired to Leyte.
Terebinth departed San Pedro on 12 August and was approximately 60 miles south of Peleliu on the 15th when she received orders to cease offensive operations against Japan. Two days later, she anchored at Ulithi and began repairing, replacing, and salvaging buoys and nets. She then moved to Kossol Roads in the Palaus to continue the same tasks. On 14 October, the net laying ship set course for Tanapag harbor, Saipan with a load of nets. She arrived there on the 19th an] got underway for the United States on the 26th.
Terebinth arrived at San Diego on 27 November 1945 and, the next day, moved up the coast to San Pedro for inactivation. She was decommissioned on 31 January 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 26 February 1946. The ship was sold to Van Cam Sea Food Co., San Pedro, on 23 April 1946.
Terebinth received one battle star for World War II service.
Ailanthus-class net laying ship
The Ailanthus class were a group of 40 wooden-hulled net laying ships of the United States Navy built during World War II as part of the huge building programs of late 1941 and early 1942 for small patrol and mine warfare vessels. Five of the class were transferred to the British Royal Navy under Lend-Lease, and another five were converted while at their shipyards into Auxiliary Fleet Tugs, the ATA-214-class. 
- , Everett, Washington (10) , Stockton, California (10)
- Barbour Boat Works, New Bern, North Carolina (4)
- Snow Shipyards, Rockland, Maine (5) , St. Charles, Missouri (4)
- Canuelette Shipbuilding Co., Slidell, Louisiana (7)
- United States Navy (35)
- Royal Navy (5)
- 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun
- 2, later 4 × single 20 mm AA
M-59 starts at I-96 in Howell Township as Highland Road near a large outlet mall. Highland Road carries M-59 concurrently with the westernmost section of Business Loop I-96 (BL I-96). Highland Road widens out into a boulevard south of the county airport before the roadway reaches Grand River Avenue. At this intersection, BL I-96 departs to the southwest. This section of Howell is mostly residential with tree-lined streets. The boulevard section ends near Thompson Lake and M-59 continues east through rural Livingston County as a two-lane highway crossing forested and residential areas. Halfway across Hartland Township, M-59 meets the US Highway 23 (US 23) freeway near the Hartland Plaza Shopping Center, and Highland Road widens out to a boulevard divided highway again. The route passes several small lakes and continues east into Oakland County. Running through the Highland State Recreational Area, M-59 swings to the north through rural Oakland County's lake country which comprises several lakes in dense forest lands and residential subdivisions that form the northern edge of the Metropolitan Detroit area. There is a brief gap in the Highland SRA where M-59 narrows back to two-lane road. Near Brendel Lake and the Alpine Valley Ski Area, Highland Road narrows back to two lanes for the final time. The narrowed roadway continues east, crossing the southern edge of Pontiac Lake in the state recreational area of the same name.  
The next major landmark along M-59 is the Oakland County International Airport in Waterford Township. Highland Road begins to curve back to the south through denser suburbs as it approaches the outskirts of Pontiac. The Highland Road name gives way to Huron Street near Sylvan Lake, and M-59 crosses Telegraph Road, which carries US 24 and marks the boundary with Pontiac. Eastbound M-59 continues along Huron Street into downtown Pontiac where it crosses the northern end of Woodward Avenue, which is part of the two business loops that encircle the central business district while westbound M-59 bypasses downtown Pontiac as it follows the northern loop of Woodward. East of downtown Pontiac, M-59 widens out into a full freeway. This freeway provides access to the south side of the Pontiac Silverdome, former home of the Detroit Lions. To the east of the stadium in Auburn Hills is the cloverleaf interchange with I-75 and the North American corporate headquarters of car maker Chrysler. Continuing east through the northern Detroit suburbs, the M-59 freeway curves back to the south and crosses into Macomb County at the Dequindre Road interchange.   Trucks carrying explosive or flammable cargo are required to exit the M-59 freeway and use the parallel service drive through the Mound Road-Merrill Road interchange just west of Utica. 
The M-59 freeway crosses the border between Sterling Heights and Shelby Township and ends at Van Dyke Avenue in Utica, where M-59 becomes a boulevard called Hall Road. The highway crosses the Clinton River and the southern end of the M-53 freeway.  This section of the highway is somewhat of a "main street" in Macomb County, as it is home to a wide variety of shopping and dining including Lakeside Mall in Sterling Heights and The Mall at Partridge Creek in Clinton Township.  Although it is neither officially designated nor commonly referred to as such, the Hall Road portion of M-59 is coextensive with "20 Mile Road" in the Detroit Mile Road system. Near its eastern terminus, M-59 crosses both M-97 (Groesbeck Highway) and M-3 (Gratiot Avenue). East of Gratiot, Hall Road is called the William P. Rosso Highway. M-59 ends at the freeway interchange with I-94 while Rosso Highway continues along the northern edge of Selfridge Air National Guard Base to Lake St. Clair. 
M-59 was first designated by July 1, 1919 between M-10 (now Bus. US 24) in Pontiac and M-19 (later US 25 and now M-3) in Mt. Clemens.  It would be moved to follow Hall Road exclusively on the east end in 1932.   The west end was extended in 1936 to end at the Livingston–Oakland county line.   The extension to US 23 in Hartland was finished by 1938.  The east end was extended again in 1939 along US 25 and over to M-29 in New Baltimore.  The east end was rerouted again between Mt. Clemens and New Baltimore over another former alignment of M-29 in late 1947 or early 1948.   The eastern terminus was truncated to M-29 east of US 25/Gratiot Avenue in 1961.  
Another extension on the west end moved M-59 to end at US 16 in Howell by 1960.   The west end was extended with the new BL I-96 in Howell to end at the newly opened I-96 freeway in 1962.   The east end was rerouted to end at I-94 in 1963.  
M-59 was converted into a freeway starting in 1966 with the first segment between Pontiac and Auburn Road near Rochester.   A second segment opened in 1972 east to Mound Road in Utica.   Segments were converted to divided highway in Oakland County in 1984 through 1986.   The east end was reconstructed in 1995–97 and converted to a six- to eight-lane divided highway.   The freeway was extended east in 1998 to Van Dyke Avenue in Utica the same year, the eastern end was rerouted off Gratiot Avenue and 23 Mile Road to end at a different interchange with I-94, eliminating the concurrency with M-3.   The old routing of M-59 along Auburn Road in Rochester Hills is still maintained by MDOT. 
In 2010, MDOT started the process of expanding M-59 from two lanes to three in each direction between Crooks Road and Ryan Road, using funding from the Federal stimulus bill of 2009.  With this improvement, M-59 is now at least three lanes each way from I-75 to I-94. 
In 2017, MDOT started the reconstruction of M-59 (Hall Road) from M-53 to Romeo Plank Rd. This construction is expected to last through 2018.
Terebinth AN-59 - History
(1) 'elah (Isaiah 6:13, the King James Version "teil tree" Ho 4:13, the King James Version "elms") in Genesis 35:4 (the King James Version "oak") Judges 6:11, 19 Judges 9:6 (the King James Version "plain") 2 Samuel 18:9, 10, 14 1 Kings 13:14 1 Chronicles 10:12 Isaiah 1:30 Ezekiel 6:13, translated "oak," and in margin "terebinth" "vale of Elah," margin "the terebinth" in 1 Samuel 17:2, 19 1 Samuel 21:9.
(2) 'elim (Isaiah 1:29, "oaks," margin "terebinths").
(3) 'allah (Joshua 24:26, English Versions of the Bible have "oak," but the Septuagint terebinthos).
(4) 'elon, "oak (margin, "terebinth") of Zaanannim" (Joshua 19:33 Judges 4:11) "oak (the Revised Version margin "terebinth," the King James Version "plain") of Tabor" (1 Samuel 10:3) also Genesis 12:6 Genesis 13:18 Genesis 14:13 1 Samuel 10:3 Deuteronomy 11:30 Judges 6:19 all translated "oak" or "oaks," with margin "terebinth" or "terebinths."
(5) In Genesis 14:6 Septuagint has terebinthos, as the translation of the el of El-paran.
(6) In Ecclesiasticus 24:16 terem (b)inthos, the King James Version turpentine tree," the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth."
It is clear that the translators are uncertain which translation is correct, and it would seem not improbable that then there was no clear distinction between oak and terebinth in the minds of the Old Testament. writers yet the two are very different trees to any but the most superficial observation.
The terebinth-Pistacia terebinthus (Natural Order, Anacardiaceae), Arabic Butm-is a tree allied to the P. vera, which produces the pistachio nut, and to the familiar "pepper tree" (Schinus molle) so extensively cultivated in modern Palestine. Like the latter the terebinth has red berries, like small immature grapes. The leaves are pinnate, four to six pairs, and they change color and fall in autumn, leaving the trunk bare (compare Isaiah 1:30). The terebinth is liable to be infected by many showy galls, some varieties looking like pieces of red coral. In Palestine, this tree assumes noble proportions, especially in situations when, from its association with some sacred tomb, it is allowed to flourish undisturbed. It is in such situations not infrequently as much as 40 ft. high and spreads its branches, with their thick, dark-green foliage, over a wide area (compare 2 Samuel 18:9, 14 Ecclesiasticus 24:16). Dwarfed trees occur among the brushwood all over the land.
From this tree a kind of turpentine is obtained, hence, the alternative name "turpentine tree" (Ecclesiasticus 24:16 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth").
425. Elah -- "terebinth," an Israelite name, also an Edomite name
. 424, 425. Elah. 426 . "terebinth," an Israelite name, also an Edomite name.
Transliteration: Elah Phonetic Spelling: (ay-law') Short Definition: Elah. .
/hebrew/425.htm - 6k
356. Elon -- "terebinth," an Israelite name, also a Hittite, also .
. Elon. 357 . "terebinth," an Israelite name, also a Hittite, also a city in Dan.
Transliteration: Elon Phonetic Spelling: (ay-lone') Short Definition: Elon. .
/hebrew/356.htm - 6k
364. El Paran -- "terebinth of Paran," a city and harbor on the .
. El Paran. 365 . "terebinth of Paran," a city and harbor on the Red Sea.
Transliteration: El Paran Phonetic Spelling: (ale paw-rawn') Short Definition: El- .
/hebrew/364.htm - 6k
352d. ayil -- a terebinth
. ayil. 353 . a terebinth. Transliteration: ayil Short Definition: oaks. Word Origin
from the same as ulam Definition a terebinth NASB Word Usage oaks (3). .
/hebrew/352d.htm - 5k
358. Elon Beth Chanan -- "terebinth of (the) house of favor," a .
. "terebinth of (the . Word Origin from Elon, bayith and chanan Definition "terebinth
of (the) house of favor," a place in Dan NASB Word Usage Elonbeth-hanan (1). .
/hebrew/358.htm - 6k
436. elon -- a terebinth
. a terebinth. Transliteration: elon Phonetic Spelling: (ay-lone') Short Definition:
oak. . from ayil Definition a terebinth NASB Word Usage oak (6), oaks (4). plain .
/hebrew/436.htm - 6k
. they turned over to Jacob all the foreign gods in their possession and the rings
that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth near Shechem .
/. //christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxv.htm
Fragment x. Of the Patriarch Jacob. .
. country, on account of the violation of their sister, buried at Shecem the gods
which he had with him near a rock under the wonderful terebinth,  which .
/. /africanus/the writings of julius africanus/fragment x of the patriarch.htm
Table of Contents
. 186 5.2 TRAVELING AT NIGHT. MARY AND JOSEPH REST AT THE TEREBINTH OF ABRAHAM. 188
5.3 TWO HOURS SOUTH OF THE TEREBINTH TREE. . ABRAHAM'S TEREBINTH TREE. 331 11. .
/. /emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/table of contents.htm
The Flight into Egypt and St. John the Baptist in the Desert
. 10. THE GROVE OF MOREH. ABRAHAM'S TEREBINTH TREE. . It was Abraham's terebinth tree,
near the grove of Moreh, not far from Shechem, Thanath, Shiloh, and Aruma. .
/. /emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/xvi the flight into egypt.htm
The Leafless Tree
. shall be preserved, and then even this small part shall be subjected to many perils
yet Israel shall not be destroyed, for it shall be as a terebinth tree and .
/. /spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 3 1857/the leafless tree.htm
The Census and the Journey of the Holy Family
. 5.2 TRAVELING AT NIGHT. MARY AND JOSEPH REST AT THE TEREBINTH OF ABRAHAM. . Where they
were to rest, she stood still, as here by the terebinth tree. .
/. /emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/x the census and the.htm
. they turned over to Jacob all the foreign gods in their possession and the rings
that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth near Shechem .
/. /christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxiv.htm
. 6, 7, And Abram passed through the land as far as the place Shechem to the terebinth
of Moreh, and the Canaanites were in the land at that time. .
//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xii.htm
Spoken in Antioch in the Old Church, as it was Called.
. bees, so fear hath driven away our swarms and what the prophet says, bewailing
Jerusalem, we may fitly say now, "Our city is become like a terebinth that hath .
/. /chrysostom/on the priesthood/homily ii spoken in antioch.htm
That He Ordered a Church to be Built at Mambre.
. 18:1), and others, has "plains," though the Septuagint and ancient interpreters
generally render it, as here, by "oak," some by "terebinth" (turpentine tree .
/. /pamphilius/the life of constantine/chapter li that he ordered a.htm
. Teil tree. (an old name for the lime-tree, the tilia), Isaiah 6:13, the terebinth,
or turpentine-tree, the Pistacia terebinthus of botanists. .
/t/teil.htm - 7k
Mamre (10 Occurrences)
. 1) The modern tradition points to a magnificent oak (Quercus ilex, Arabic Sindian),
1 1/2 miles West-Northwest of the modern city, as the terebinth of Abraham .
/m/mamre.htm - 16k
Elah (17 Occurrences)
. Easton's Bible Dictionary Terebinth or oak. (1.) Valley of, where the Israelites
were encamped when David killed Goliath (1 Samuel 17:2, 19). .
/e/elah.htm - 17k
Oak (22 Occurrences)
. (1.) `El occurs only in the word El-paran (Genesis 14:6). The LXX. renders by
"terebinth." In the plural form this word occurs in Isaiah 1:29 57:5 (AV marg. .
/o/oak.htm - 33k
. Easton's Bible Dictionary Hosea 4:13 rendered "terebinth" in the Revised
Version. It is the Pistacia terebinthus of Linn., a tree .
/e/elm.htm - 7k
Elon (8 Occurrences)
. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ELON (1). e'-lon ('elon "terebinth"): (1) A Zebulunite,
who judged Israel ten years, and was buried in Aijalon (Judges 12:11, 12). .
/e/elon.htm - 10k
Absalom's (16 Occurrences)
. And Absalom was riding upon his mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of
a great terebinth, and his head caught hold of the terebinth, and he was .
/a/absalom's.htm - 12k
. 5:7, etc.) to the repeated mention of the most characteristic products of modern
Palestine-the olive and fig, the vine and almond, the oak and the terebinth. .
/b/botany.htm - 38k
. Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation
of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree . tur'-pen-tin. See TEREBINTH. .
/t/turpentine.htm - 6k
And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Shechem, unto the oak of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.
And they gave unto Jacob all the foreign gods which were in their hand, and the rings which were in their ears and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem.
(See JPS DBY)
And the angel of Jehovah came, and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.
And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of meal: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it out unto him under the oak, and presented it.
And all the men of Shechem assembled themselves together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar that was in Shechem.
1 Samuel 10:3
Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the oak of Tabor and there shall meet thee there three men going up to God to Beth-el, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:
2 Samuel 18:9
And Absalom chanced to meet the servants of David. And Absalom was riding upon his mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between heaven and earth and the mule that was under him went on.
(See JPS DBY)
2 Samuel 18:10
And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanging in an oak.
(See JPS DBY)
2 Samuel 18:14
Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak.
(See JPS DBY)
1 Kings 13:14
And he went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that camest from Judah? And he said, I am.
(See JPS DBY)
1 Chronicles 10:12
all the valiant men arose, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.
(See JPS DBY)
For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.
(See JPS DBY)
If there is a tenth left in it, that also will in turn be consumed: as a terebinth , and as an oak, whose stock remains when they are felled so the holy seed is its stock."
(WEB JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)
And ye shall know that I am Jehovah, when their slain men shall be among their idols round about their altars, upon every high hill, on all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the places where they offered sweet savor to all their idols.
(See JPS DBY)
They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains, and burn incense on the hills, under oaks and poplars and terebinths, because its shade is good. Therefore your daughters play the prostitute, and your brides commit adultery.
(Root in WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Under The Oak And Terebinth Trees
Anemones (Heb. kalaniot) flowering in the Galilee towards the end of the winter rainy season.
This week we celebrate the Jewish holiday of Tu b’Shevat, the 15th day of the month of Shevat, which marks the first day of the new year for trees. Trees? The Jewish calendar marks the new year with the festival of Rosh Hashanah, which takes place every fall. Why do we need a separate new year for trees, and why does this take place in the middle of the winter?
Calculating the age of a tree is important for determining a whole host of Jewish agricultural laws that are incumbent upon trees: orlah, maaser sheni and other tithes. But why celebrate this birthday in the cold of February? In the Land of Israel, the winter is not at all a dead period characterized by bare trees and frozen ground. On the contrary! The winter is the rainy season when the landscape is covered in green grass and leafy trees, as seen in the image above. The fruit trees of the Land (such as the almond seen below) begin to flower in late January, and so this was chosen as the most suitable date to mark the birthday of all trees in the Land.
An almond tree in bloom, late January – early February.
In this post I want to share a few words about two very famous (and misunderstood) trees that appear frequently in the Bible: the oak and the terebinth. Let us begin by looking at a famous biblical passage. In the Book of Joshua, the sibling tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh complain to Joshua that they have not been given enough territory. His response to them is to go ahead and appropriate more territory, but there is a catch: the forests need to be cleared.
Then Joshua said to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim and Manasseh, “You are indeed a numerous people, and have great power you shall not have one lot only, but the hill country shall be yours, for though it is a forest, you shall clear it and possess it to its farthest borders for you shall drive out the Canaanites, though they have chariots of iron, and though they are strong.” (Joshua 17:17-18)
What exactly does Joshua mean when says clear the “forest”? Much of the central hill country of the Land of Israel was forested in antiquity. But contrary to the assumptions of many modern readers, these forests were not thick densely wooded areas with tall trees, as for example this forest in Sweden:
Or this ancient forest which stretches across the border between Poland and Belarus:
Rather, in the Bible the Hebrew word יער (ya’ar often translated as “forest”) really means scrubland, an area covered in dense vegetation making it unsuitable for agriculture. The technical term for this type of landscape is a “Mediterranean woodlands”, an old-growth native forest in the Land of Israel containing five layers from the ground up: (1) grasses, (2) knee height shrubs (batta), (3) chest-height shrubs (garigue), (4) trees (maquis) and (5) vines. Due to deforestation, there are very few such forests left.
Two of the most common trees in the Mediterranean forest are the elah (אלה) and the alon (אלון). Both of these Hebrew words are commonly translated as “oak” or “terebinth” in English Bibles, leading to quite a bit of confusion. The reason for this translation mix-up is that, despite the fact that they are two distinct species, these two trees really have much in common. Even seasoned nature guides sometimes find them difficult to tell apart.
The elah tree, most often translated as “terebinth”, bears the the Latin name Pistacia palaestina, meaning it is related to the pistachio tree. Many famous trees in the Hebrew Bible are terebinths, for example: the tree under which Jacob buried Laban’s idols (Gen. 35:4) and the tree in Orpah under which the angel who visited Gideon sat (Judg. 6:11). The most famous appearance of an elah in the Bible is the Valley of Elah where the battle of David and Goliath took place (1 Sam. 17). Presumably the valley got its name due to the large number of elah trees that grew here in the past.
The alon tree, most often translated as “oak”, bears the name Quercus calliprinos. In popular literature it is also known as a Kermes oak. The alon is mentioned in the Bible as the first tree encountered by Abram upon entering the land (Gen. 12:6) and the tree under which Deborah, the nurse of Rebecca, was buried (Gen. 35:8) and the . The alon is also famously mentioned as a well-known landmark near the important Judahite city of Hebron: Elonei Mamre. This was one of the important settlement bases used by Abraham. He also buried Sarah in a cave here, which later became the national mausoleum containing the bodies of: Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob, Leah.
The Cave of Machpelah, Hebron
Because they are among the only relatively tall trees in the Land, the alon and elah were thought to possess divine strength. The words alon and elah both contain the Hebrew root אל (el), referring back to their sacred status in the Canaanite cult of El. Consequently, both these trees were the subject of much criticism from the prophets in the Hebrew Bible. For example, Hosea writes:
My people ask a wooden statue of a god for advice.
They get answers from a stick of wood.
They are as unfaithful as prostitutes.
They are not faithful to their God.
They offer sacrifices on the mountaintops.
They burn offerings on the hills.
They worship under oak (alon), poplar (livneh) and terebinth (elah) trees.
The trees provide plenty of shade. (Hosea 4:12-13)
Another reason that the alon and elah might have become the subject of idolatrous worship is because both are very sturdy trees which have a miraculous ability regenerate when cut down. As Isaiah writes: “But as the terebinth and oak leave stumps when they are cut down, so the holy seed will be the stump in the land” (Isaiah 6:13). Here is a photograph of an alon that has seemingly come back to life.
An alon that has sprouted several new trunks
Notice the many trunks that have sprouted out of the original trunk. Some scholars think that the well-known messianic prophecy of “a shoot out of the stump of Jesse” in Isaiah 11 might be a reference to an elah or alon tree.
A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse
from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.
The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him—
the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding,
the Spirit of counsel and of might,
the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the LORD—
and he will delight in the fear of the LORD. (Isaiah 11:1-3)
Today, many of the elah and alon trees in Israel today are more like bushes than trees due to overgrazing of sheep and goats. Rather than growing tall, they spread horizontally becoming squat bushes, as you can see in the image below. But on they live! Happy Tu B’Shevat!
Terebinth AN-59 - History
One of a kind laboratory - ancient evidence modern technology
Map - wine's whereabouts: then and now
The grapevine & tree resins - nature's ingredients