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No. 113 Squadron (RAF) during the Second World War
Aircraft - Locations - Group and Duty - Books
No.113 Squadron was a bomber and fighter-bomber squadron that served in North Africa and Greece before moving to the Far East to take part in both the unsuccessful defence of Burma and its eventual reconquest.
No.113 Squadron was reformed at Upper Heyford on 18 May 1937 as a bomber squadron, and was equipped with the Hawker Hind. In April 1938 the squadron took its Hinds to the Middle East, where it would remain until the end of 1941. Blenheims arrived in June 1939, and at the outbreak of the Second World War the squadron was part of Egypt Group, RAF Middle East.
The war didn't come to North Africa until 10 June 1940, when Italy entered the war. Even though it was the Italians who had declared war, their forces in Libya were still caught by surprise by the first British raids, on 11 June. No.113 Squadron flew its first mission on the afternoon of 11 June, attacking the Italian base at El Adem. During the first phase of the fighting, which ended with the successful British offensive that pushed the Italians back across Cyrenaica, the squadron was used for both bombing and long range reconnaissance missions.
In March 1941 No.113 became the fourth British squadron to move to Greece, arriving just in time to be caught up in the German invasion. The Germans soon won control of the skies over Greece. On 14 April the squadron was attacked on the ground four times and every single aircraft was either damaged or destroyed. The squadron's personnel were eventually evacuated to Crete and Egypt.
Operations resumed in June 1941, and the squadron took part in Operation Crusader (serving under Air Headquarters Western Desert). The squadron was used to attack Italian aircraft and lorries behind enemy lines.
In the aftermath of the Japanese attack on Burma No.113 was moved east, arriving just after Christmas 1941. The squadron was thrown into combat without hours of its arrival, dropping 11,000lb bombs on the Japanese airfields at Bangkok. The squadron fought on until it was forced to retreat back to India, then from bases in Assam attacked Japanese communications and airfields.
The Blenheims were replaced by Hurricane fighter-bombers in September 1943, and by the Republic Thunderbolt in April 1945. During this period the squadron was part of No.221 Group, and with that group took part in the fighting at Imphal, the fighting around Mandalay and the race for Rangoon. The squadron was disbanded on 15 October 1945.
June 1939-March 1940: Bristol Blenheim I
March 1940-April 1941: Bristol Blenheim IV
June 1941-December 1941: Bristol Blenheim I
June 1941-October 1942: Bristol Blenheim IV
October 1942-September 1943: Bristol Blenheim V
September 1943-April 1945: Hawker Hurricane IIC
April-October 1945: Republic Thunderbolt I and II
May-September 1938: Heliopolis
September 1938: Amriya
September-October 1938: Mersa Matruh
October 1938-April 1939: Heliopolis
April-May 1939: El Daba
May 1939-June 1940: Heliopolis
June 1940-January 1941: Maaten Bagush
January-February 1941: Sidi Barrani
February 1941: Gambut
February-March 1941: Kabrit
March 1941: Menidi
March-April 1941: Larissa
April 1941: Niamata
April-June 1941: Menidi (aircraft)
June-November 1941: Maaten Bagush
November 1941: Giarabub
November-December 1941: LG.116
December 1941-January 1942: Helwan
January 1942: Mingaladon
January-February 1942: Toungoo
February-March 1942: Magwe
March-April 1942: Dum Dum
April 1942: Fyzabad
April-December 1942: Asansol
December 1492-January 1943: Jessore
January-February 1943: Feni
February-May 1943: Chandina
May-June 1943: Comilla Main
June-August 1943: Feni
August 1943: Kharkpur
August-October 1943: Yelahanka
October-November 1943: St. Thomas Mount
November-December 1943: Cholavarum
December 1943: Manipur Road
December 1943-March 1944: Dimapur
March-May 1944: Tulihal
May-December 1944: Palel
December 1944-January 1945: Yazagyo
January-March 1945: Onbauk
March-April 1945: Ondaw
April-June 1945: Kwetnge
June 1945: Kinmagan
June-August 1945: Meiktila
August-October 1945: Zayatkwin
Squadron Codes: VA, AD
September 1939: Egypt Group; RAF Middle East
11 November 1941: Air HQ Western Desert; HQ RAF Middle East
1 July 1944: No.170 Wing; No.221 Group; Third Tactical Air Force; Air Command, South East Asia
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No 619 Squadron was formed at Chedburgh from C Flight of No 214 Squadron, on 17 June 1943. It was a heavy bomber squadron with 3 Group Bomber Command, equipped with the Short Stirling, and carrying out night bombing missions until 19th November 1943. It moved to Leicester East to become an airborne forces squadron, training in glider-towing and supply drops, including operations over France dropping supplies to resistance forces from February 1944. Early on D-Day, the squadron dropped paratroops near Caen. No 619 resupplied ground forces, towed gliders and dropped paratroops from 1st Airborne. In January 1945 tactical bombing operations were flown against major German target, and troops were flown to Norway in May to disarm German occupational forces.
On 1st September 1946 the squadron moved to Palestine and was re-numbered No 113 Squadron.
- RAF Chedburgh, Suffolk from 17th June 1943 (formed. Stirling I, Stirling III)
- RAF Leicester East, Leicestershire from 23rd November 1943 (Bomber Command)
- RAF Leicester East from 22nd November 1943 (Fighter Command)
- RAF Fairford, Gloscestershire from 18th March 1944
- RAF Great Dunmow, Essex from 18th August 1944 (Stirling IV, Halifax VII)
If you can provide any additional information, especially on actions and locations at specific dates, please add it here.
Family History, RAF, RAAF, Bomber Command 467 Squadron! (1 Viewer)
Wondering if someone can help. I'm currently researching my family history and have found that my Great Uncle Ernie flew Lancasters with 467 Squadron in the later stages of WW2 and for a while after the war (mainly returning POW's to England). I have located the squadrons Official Historical records through the National Archives of Australia, these documents are an interesting read and I have found his name throughout, however there is no mention of the actual plane, serial number or otherwise in which he flew! He was a pilot and was eventually promoted to Warrant Officer. I'm wondering if someone out there could suggest to me where I could find which plane he flew in?
Any help is appreciated,
P.S, Aside from the information for the family history documentation, Im also keen to build a model and customise it to show the correct markings for Ernies machine for my mantlepiece!
Not sure what you mean by the documents not having aircraft serial numbers. The document at the National Archives (available for online viewing) entitled "Unit history of number 467 Squadron - December 1942 to October 1945", records serial numbers - I'm looking at page 152 for 4/5 January 1945 and the serial numbers are there for each aircraft.
There may be a published squadron history for 467 which has the squadron letters - I know of two books each which have squadron letters for the Mosquitos of 464 and 456 Squadrons.
It's also worth googling the individual serial numbers to see what you come up with. For example, the page in the squadron history at which I'm looking refers to Lancaster NF910. Googling "Lancaster NF910" comes up with this link:
It just happens that NF910 is mentioned for 467 Squadron, being PO-S at one point, PO-Q later. (Despite our modern understanding of POS as meaning not much good, the aircraft which spent the most time as POS was R5868, and the damn thing flew 137 sorties, now permanently on display in Hendon.)
So anyway, do have another look at the NAA, especially the digital file I named, then google the serials. Also have a go at the Trove Australia website for books and articles: