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Ymir is a primordial giant, closely linked to the beginning of the world in Norse mythology. A creature resulting from the dramatic encounter between ice and fire, he was fed by a cosmic cow and his body parts served as the building blocks of the universe. He is able to beget offspring all by himself, one of his descendants being the mother of Odin. Odin and his brothers would end up killing him though, and they would shape all that exists out of his body. His scattered brains would become the clouds, and the borders of the known world would be encircled by his eyebrows.

Creation of the World

The story of the creation of the world is told in detail by Snorri Sturlusson, the Icelandic scholar and law-speaker (the person reciting the laws at the assembly) who in the 13th century CE tried to retell these myths in a text called Gylfaginning (The Deceiving of Gylfi), part of a larger book, the Prose Edda. He was inspired by texts of the Elder or Poetic Edda, a compilation of poems written in the same century but believed to be much older based on its language and content. As such, we must take Snorri’s words with a serious pinch of salt because as it is really hard to tell how much he contributed himself to the older myth. The story in Gylfaginning tells of Gylfi, a legendary king of Sweden who goes to Asgard, the realm of the gods, to ask them questions in order to figure out whether they use magic so as to fulfill their will. Gylfi is tricked into believing he is talking to the gods and the palace he arrives to is real, but in the end, he does find answers to the ardent cosmological questions.

In the beginning, Snorri is quoting the first text of the Poetic Edda, the Völuspá (Old Norse Vǫluspá), where it says there was nothing but a giant void, probably filled with some kind of magic potential. Before our world was formed there existed an icy misty world called Niflheim, with a well from which eleven rivers flowed. Another world was the elemental opposite, Muspell, hellishly hot. It is not very clear what happens next, there were probably several versions of the myth incorporated into one, which might explain the difficulty. The main idea seems to be that the rivers of Niflheim froze and the ice piled up in the void, where the rime met the heatwaves from Muspell. As a result of the melting, the drops came together to shape a being, Ymir or Augelmir, the ancestor of the giants’ families. Whether Snorri made this up or not, it is definitely a colorful story: Ymir’s sweat gave birth to a male and female, and his legs conceived a child as well.

Ymir was not the only one formed by the molten ice of Niflheim. The rime also took the shape of a cow, Audhumbla, who fed Ymir.

Ymir was not the only one formed by the molten ice of Niflheim. The rime also took the shape of a cow, Audhumla (Auðumbla), who fed Ymir. The cow had a very special diet apparently, licking the salty blocks of rime. As a result, she also created a being out of the rime, a man called Búri, who in his turn had a son named Borr. Borr married a giantess, Bestla, and their children were the gods Odin, Vili, and Vé. Little is known about the last two, but the former rose to the highest seat in the divine world, worshipped by all, and associated with a lot of attributes: leadership, wisdom, deceit, sorcery, pragmatism, strength.

Finally, the divine trio committed the murder that would be the base of everything that surrounds us. They killed Ymir the giant, and so much blood was spilled and flowed that the rest of the giants, except for one family, drowned in it. The three gods could now build the earth. As Snorri tells us:

They took Ymir and transported him to the middle of Ginnungagap [the void], and out of him made the earth, out of his blood the sea and the lakes. The earth was made of the flesh and the rocks of the bones, stone, and scree they made out of the teeth and molars and of the bones that had been broken. (12)

As you might suspect, his blood became the sea that in Norse mythology encircled the earth, so it was impossible to cross. His skull became the sky, and it was fixed with four points, more accurately dwarves: Austri (east), Vestri (west), Nordri (north), Sudri (south).

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The gods then took sparks flying randomly from Muspell and threw them in the sky so that could lighten up the earth: the stars. They fixed their courses, too. After this description, Gangleri - the name used by Gylfi the king who is asking all of these questions about the gods, the universe, and so on - expresses his amazement at all this information and wants to know more. He is told that the earth is circular, around it is the sea, and on the shores live the races of giants. On the inner side of the earth, the gods built a fortification to protect the worlds against the aggressive giants, and for it, they used another piece of Ymir; his eyelashes. They call the fortification Midgard (Miðgarðr).

Other Sources

Snorri took elements from two other poems in the Poetic Edda, namely Vafþrúðnismál and Grímnismál, which also speak of the sea, earth, and sky being made out of Ymir’s parts. Both poems attempt to be encyclopedic, containing a lot of names and facts. The former poem is conceived as a contest dialogue between Odin and the giant Vafthrudnir to see who is wiser. When asked about the origin of the earth and skies, the giant mentions in stanza 21 that it was out of Ymir’s flesh the world came about. Later on in stanza 28, he also tells that the oldest of Ymir’s kin was Bergelmir, the one who escaped in a boat after the bloodbath caused by Ymir’s sacrifice. This has been interpreted by some as an influence of the Biblical story of the flood.

Another character mentioned here, Aurgelmir, is probably another name for Ymir because when Odin asks about Aurgelmir’s origin, Vafthrudnir answers with the same story about the venomous frozen waters and then how he produced children from his armpit and feet. The latter poem, Grímnismál, revolves around Odin who by mistake is tortured by a king who does not know who he is. On this occasion, he shares knowledge with the king’s son, Agnar. Stanzas 40 and 41 contain the creation part, highlighting Midgard, made for manna sunum ("sons of man").

Cultural Parallels

Ymir, a creature both a mother and a father, in other words a hermaphrodite, has counterparts in some Iranian and Indian stories. In Zorvanism, the god Zorvan, for example, gave birth to the twins Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu (also known as Ahriman) who created everything fair and everything dark, respectively. In the Rigveda, the sacred text of ancient India, we have the story of Purusha, a primordial being sacrificed and portioned out to create the social classes, moon, sun, heaven, and the important deities Indra and Agni. Moreover, the term Ymir might have a correspondent in Indo-Iranian Yama, meaning 'twin'.

According to Michael Witzel, there is also a number of similar examples from South Asian mythologies. One such character is Pangu, a primordial giant that burst out of a cosmic egg and started forming the land, skies, valleys, rivers, but whose work was never complete until he died.

From his skull was shaped the dome of the sky, and from his flesh was formed the soil of the fields, from his bones, came the rocks, from his blood the rivers and seas, from his hair all vegetation. His breath was the wind, his voice made thunder, his right eye became the moon, his left eye the sun. from his saliva or sweat came the rain. And from the vermin which covered his body came forth mankind. (Witzel 2017, 371).

At least partially similar stories come from Polynesia, Japan, Afghanistan, or Kashmir. The Maori god Tangaroa opens his shell and builds the universe with it. In Kashmir, the giant demon Rakshasa is killed and an embankment is built from his remnants on a river using his leg and knee. However, we must take into account that the different traditions of these stories are separated by both space and time and the myths are not directly connected.

Ymir not only created the giants but also the gods as Odin’s mother was a giantess. Moreover, the story of Ymir reminds us of the strong connection between the idea of sacrificing something and someone and through this sacrifice creating the universe. Thus judging by his role, Ymir seems to be one of the essential characters of myth.


Powers and Abilities

As the first being in existence, creator of almost all in the Norse World and the oldest and therefore most powerful of the Frost Giants, even stronger than Starkaör and it's brother the Fire Giant Surtr (one of the most powerful beings in the Norse Realm) and was powerful enough that Odin and his brothers, the most powerful Aesir of the time, had to work together to ultimately overpower and kill it and even that was most certainly not without a difficult fight and it may have been defeated due to being emotionally conflicted on fighting its descendants.

  • Immortality: Having lived for several ages, considering how it was the oldest being in existence and managed to live long enough for it's great grandsons to be born, Ymir was immortal. Only the combined might of Odin and his brothers, the most powerful Aesir Gods of the time, was enough to truly end him.
  • Superhuman Strength: As the first and most powerful of the Frost Giants, therefore the strongest, Ymir must have had incalculable levels of superhuman strength, enough to surpass even the most powerful of the Aesir, as it was able to fight against Odin, Vili, and Ve the most powerful Aesir of the time, before being killed.
  • Superhuman Durability: Ymir must have been tremendously durable, as it took Odin and his brothers, the most powerful of the generation of Aesir of the time, to kill it and even that was apparently not without a fight.
  • Cryokinesis: As the first Frost Giant, Ymir must have had great power over the element of ice, which was what apparently it's Jotnar children inherited from him.

Powers and Abilities

Power Grid ⎯]
Intelligence 2
Strength 7
Speed 2
Durability 7
Energy Projection 3
Fighting Skills 2

Powers

Ymir possesses vast superhuman strength, greater than that of any other Frost or Ice Giant. He is extremely long-lived, and possibly immortal. His body greatly resembles ice in various ways, and if it was not for his ability to generate intense cold from his body, Ymir would melt when exposed to high temperatures. Ymir's body is extraordinarily resistant to injury, and although it can be shattered, as ice can, Ymir can cause the fragments of his form to reassemble. ⎪]

Ymir continually generates extreme cold from his body in an unknown, perhaps magical fashion. If he so chooses, Ymir can cause anything he touches, including the air, to freeze. ⎫]

  • Superhuman Strength: Ymir can lift things up to 100 tons. His strength is greater than that of any other Frost or Ice Giant. ⎬]
  • Frost Immunity: As the King of Jotuns, Ymir is immune to coldness. His body is made of thick ice.
  • Cryokinesis: Ymir can generate intense cold from his body. Ymir can cause anything he touches, including the air, to freeze. ⎭]
    • Cryokinesis Inhibition: Ymir proved to be able to prevent other from using their elemental powers. ⎝]
    • Regeneration: Ymir can cause the fragments of his form to reassemble. Ώ]

    Abilities

    Although intelligent and capable of speech, Ymir is not particularly cunning, and attempts to win his battles through brute force.

    Physical Strength

    The extent of Ymir's strength has never been measured, but it is at least in the Class 100 range hence, he can lift (press) over 100 tons. Α]

    Weaknesses

    Ymir is vulnerable to extreme high temperature. It would caused him to melt down.


    A Brief History of Mining in Ymir

    About 1885, the placer gold mining on the Pend d’Oreille River was coming to a close. The placer miners in this area started to look for other st-reams that might produce the precious metal. They started moving north up the Salmon River to try their luck in the river and its tributaries. A few of them settled at the mouth of a small stream at what is now the present location of Ymir. They constructed three or four log cabins and named both the creek and settlement by the same name, Quartz Creek. These intrepid miners eked out a living by extracting gold from the creeks in the area no doubt, they also did some trapping in the winters.

    In the early 1890’s, the Hall brothers from Colville, Washington, came into this area to search for lode mines. They discovered outcroppings of what eventually became the Ymir Mine, but due to the lack of roads or any other means of travel in the area, they continued towards the Nelson area and they located the Silver King Mine, which developed into a rich silver, gold, copper operation.

    The Hall Mines Smelter in Nelson and Hall Creek, six miles north of Ymir, was named after these two Indian prospectors.

    In the summer of 1895, Jerome Pitre, Joseph Pitre and Oliver Blair staked claims that were to become the famous Ymir Gold Mine. This was followed by the staking of many more claims in the Ymir area.

    All this staking activity did not go unnoticed by D. C. Corbin, the American railroad magnate, and he commenced to prepare for construction of a railroad from Northport, Wash. to Nelson. This railroad became known as the Nelson – Fort Sheppard line. This line proceeded along the Columbia River from present day Waneta through Fruitvale to Erie, Salmon Siding, renamed Salmo and on to Quartz Creek. D.C. Corbin constructed the station a short distance north of Quartz Creek and renamed it Ymir, after the Earth God of Norse mythology.

    With the completion of this railroad, Ymir really blossomed forth as a major mining community. The Ymir Mine was the largest and the best producer. It started with a forty stamp mill and later added another forty stamps, making it the largest stamp mill in the British Empire. There were many other mines that started during the ensuing boom, Porto Rico, Dundee, Wilcox, Blackcock, Howard, Hunter V, Yankee Girl, Goodenough, Tamarac and many others. Some of the better known prospectors were Jerome and Joseph Pitre, Alex Gayette, S. Bywater, E. Peters, and in the later years, Tom Wilkinson, Joe Dunn, Ed Emilson, Oscar Anderson, Ed Haukadahl, John Rankin, Alex McDonald, H. Jackson and many others.

    All. the above mining and prospecting activities led to the establishing of the booming town of Ymir. By 1899, Ymir had eleven hotels, a bank, post office, one church, P. Burns & Co., butchers, a newspaper, school grades I to 10, police station, three jails, blacksmith shop, mine recording office, physician and surgeon, plumber, barber, mining engineer and assayer, undertaker, two hardware stores, justice of the peace, notary public, mining broker and others. The Ymir Water Works, beaded by

    J. W. Ross, was formed and constructed in 1897. It serviced the whole town and was the envy of all the smaller mining towns of that period. The population at this time, was 800. But the area surrounding and serviced by the town contained another 400, at the least.

    All the mining in the Ymir camp was done for the gold content, while silver and lead were also recovered they played a minor part in the overall net returns.

    The Ymir Mine was, by far, the most important one in the area. It started out with forty stamps and added forty more, making it the largest. The other mills in.the area, had a total of sixty stamps, making a total of 140 stamps in the vicinity of Ymir. Each stamp could crush and pulverize 2Y

    to 5 tons of ore per hour. This came to aproxximately 4000 tons of ore per day. There was also many smaller mines shipping crude ore directly to the smelters at Trail and Nelson. This flourished until the early 1900’s most of them ran out of ore reserves.

    It should be noted that the area had sawmills at the mouth of Porto Rico creek, Ymir and at the mouth of Porcupine Creek these sawmills provided most of the lumber for the construction of the town of Ymir and all the buildings and houses, etc. at the various mines. All this meant that there was a lot of men employed in logging and sawmills in and near Ymir.

    An interesting footnote: The Ymir Mine alone used one cord of firewood per hour, each and every day of the year, just to keep their steam boilers working.

    Most of the mines ore bodies were depleted by about 1905, and due to the low price of gold ($20.00 per ounce) and poor demand for other metals and minerals, Ymir fell on hard times. It did pick up somewhat just prior to the war of 1914 – 18, as the demand for minerals increased because of the need for them in the war effort. It can be said that Ymir’s fortunes were at a low ebb from 1919 until 1955.

    At this time, the United States and England set, by mutual agreement, the price of gold at $33.00 per ounce. This caused a second boom in Ymir, and by 1936, there were four more mills operating in the district, Goodenough, Yankee Girl, Wesko and the Durango. Plus, a lot of exploration by other mining companies, quite a number of leasors, shipping ore to the Trail smelter. This writer arrived in Ymir in July of 195? and can attest to the fact that it was a very busy town.

    In September of 1959, Canada declared war on Germany, this had a bad effect on Ymir’s fortunes, for several reasons: a lot of the younger miners joined the Armed Forces and this along with the fact that more miners were needed in the other mines that were producing strategic war minerals, also the ore reserves were being depleted and the operating costs were starting to escalate. All this caused the closure of the existing mines.

    At the end of hostilities in 1945, Ymir’s population had decreased to it’s lowest since 1896, with only about 125 living here.

    During this period, a lot of exploration work was carried out in the Ymir/Salmo area, this resulted in three large lead, zinc mines and also one tungsten mine. Most of the mining of this era was a considerable distance from Ymir, but due to the upgrading of the roads, and the availability of the automobiles, which had been in short supply during and after the war, this made it easier to commute back and forth from the mines. Ymir’s population gradually increased to about 550 in Ymir and the surrounding area.

    While mining is at it’s lowest point in the past 90 years, there’s a considerable amount of mining exploration in this general area, hopefully this activity will produce some more operating mines.

    In closing, I would like to state that mining is not necessarily finished in this area. There is no doubt that there is still minerals and metals to be found in this area, including: gold, silver, lead, zinc, and tungsten. Ymir, the Norse Earth God, will see to it that Ymir, as a mining town, will not be forgotten.


    Attack on Titan: The True Origin of The Founding Titan, Ymir, Revealed

    Ymir was the first Titan and the progenitor of every Titan that came after her. But what is the truth about her origin in Attack on Titan?

    Towards the end of Attack on Titan's third season, anime fans were given their best insight yet into the origin of the series' titular, human-devouring beasts. Unbeknownst to Eren, and all those who live within his walled world, their ability to transform into Titans is a genetic feature unique to the Eldian race, who are also known as the Subjects of Ymir.

    Who is Ymir? Not to be confused with the former holder of the Jaw Titan's power, Ymir Fritz was the first person to gain the power of a Titan and, consequently, became known as the Founder. Whether or not she was given a fantastic gift by a benevolent god or made a demonic deal with a devil, forever cursing her progeny, depends on if you get your history from the Eldian or Marleyan nations. Either way, Ymir used her tremendous power as the first of her kind to turn the Eldian Empire into a global, conquering force. This earned Eldia its fair share of enemies, leading to its eventual downfall, and the island of Paradis -- Eren's home -- to be cut off from the rest of the world (and history) as her Subjects' final stronghold.

    Ymir died just 13 years after she received her Titan power, which subsequently explains the life-shortening "curse" that every Titan shifter since then has to bear. Her single power was then divided up among her descendants, creating the Nine Titans: the Founding Titan, the Attack Titan, the Armored Titan, the Colossal/Colossus Titan, the Beast Titan, the Female Titan, the Cart Titan and the War Hammer Titan. Until Eren's dad, Grisha came along, the power of the Founding Titan was kept in the possession of the royal family (Fritz and Reiss), whose ancestor, Karl Fritz, was the one responsible for sealing his people away behind the walls a century ago, and used the power of the Founder to wipe their memories clean in the hopes of keeping Eldia safely ignorant of its past sins following its fall.

    But, as the manga goes on to detail, there's far more to Ymir's story than this. Like the majority of Hajime Isayama's characters, Ymir is neither a saintly hero nor a conniving villain: she was once an ordinary human being flawed, vulnerable and sympathetic.

    In Chapter 122, we get Ymir Fritz's full, unbiased backstory. 2,000 years ago, Ymir was forced into slavery after her home was invaded by the tribal king, Fritz. After being blamed for letting a pig go loose, she was sentenced by the cruel leader to be hunted to death, like the animal she was accused of losing. Running desperately through the woods, the injured girl came across a strange tree and tried to hide in a gap in its roots. Instead, she fell into an underground, underwater world, where she fused with the spine of a Titan.

    Up over the forest, the hunters could only watch in horror as her new, ginormous form towered over the treetops. But she wasn't liberated by it: King Fritz used her to modernize and expand his kingdom through the building of roads and bridges. Then, he offered her the "reward" of bearing his children, and the mission to "annihilate the hated people of Marley" in his, and now her, name. She remained loyal to her master and husband through it all, even at the cost of her own life: Throwing herself in the path of an assassin's spear lobbed at the King.

    As her spirit moved on to another plane of existence, Fritz made their three daughters, Maria, Rose and Sheena (whose names would later be used for Paradis Island's walls) devour her corpse so that her power would be passed on to them. "Give birth and multiply. The blood of Ymir must not die out. [. ] My Eldians will rule the lands of this land with their massive frames. And my Titans will continue their reign into eternity."

    While her descendants continued to enact Fritz's power-hungry will, Ymir's soul -- in the form of the little girl she was before she became a Titan -- has been trapped in the realm commonly referred to as the "Coordinate" ever since. This spiritual place is a vast desert populated only by a huge, branching pillar that is Ymir's link to her Subjects. It's where the other Ymir, as well as Eren and Zeke Jaeger, end up when they die. Thanks to her husband, Ymir's shackles remain: She's duty-bound to obey the command of any member of the Fritz family.

    When Zeke Jaeger (a Fritz descendant) tries to exploit this clause at the Coordinate, Eren, saddened by her enslaved state, pleads with her to make a decision for herself, thus finally becoming free again after two centuries. Tearfully, Ymir agrees and, using Eren's once-dead body, transfers her power into the physical world to help him enact his genocidal vengeance plan.


    6 She Was Worshiped As a Deity

    Ymir’s power was unlike anything that humankind has seen.The story of how Ymir got her powers varies among different regions. Among Eldian cults, Ymir was viewed as a goddess.

    However, the Marleyans saw Ymir as evil and were under the assumption that her powers came directly from Devil since she wiped out all of their forces during their war against the Eldians. There are also those who think that Ymir got her powers from Mother Nature. Despite all these tales, Ymir was no more than an ordinary girl who was given a powerful yet accursed gift.


    Etymology

    Analysis of different Indo-European tales indicate the Proto-Indo-Europeans believed there were two progenitors of mankind: *Manu- ("Man" Indic Manu Germanic Mannus) and *Yemo- ("Twin"), his twin brother. The latter, like Ymir, was sacrificed and carved up by his brother to produce mankind. Α]

    Traces of this dualistic structure of (also) the Proto-Indo-European creation myth can be found in parallel mythological entities with the same etymology, like the Indic death deity Yama and Avestan Yima, progenitors of mankind of Remus (according to Jaan Puhvel), the brother of Romulus in the story of the founding of Rome, and Ymir. The underlying Proto-Indo-European form is *yemo ("twin"). The corresponding Proto-Germanic form was either *umijaz or, in better accordance with this theory, *jumijaz (W.Meid).

    Yama shares with Ymir the characteristics of being primordial and mortal, but otherwise developed towards a very different character, the first of mortal men and kings who after death becomes ruler of the realm of the dead.

    Here it is also worth noting that amongst the actual speakers of Old Icelandic, as opposed to reconstructed ProtoIndo-European,the name Ymir meant, not "twin", but "noisemaker,roarer, bellower".


    Contents

    Ymir wears a pink puffy dress, with puffy white and blue stripes. She has a white bra covering the area where the dress ends, and on her right arm has both a plate gauntlet and boots. Underneath the boots, she has white folded cuffs with pink ends, and underneath that, she has white thigh-highs.

    Rebellion

    Ymir's outfit consists of a black corset with a pair of suspenders, a red plaid skirt with black frills, and black garter underneath. It has a skull motif. She has red and black striped sleeves, and two gauntlets with blades attached at the wrists. On her legs, she has black plate boots. She now wields two black axes instead of her original giant battle axe.

    Unlimited

    Ymir's outfit consist of a puffy white dress which resembles a bridal gown. The front end of her dress opens up below her waist, exposing her white and blue panties. Ymir wears gauntlets and armoured thigh highs. Her design appearence is similar to her first incarnation with her golden curls being mostly the same and her large axe making a return. The difference however is that her hair band is now adorned with flowers, and her battle axe is now white and is also adorned with flowers.


    Ymir is a large humanoid creature with a muscular frame and a long sauropod-like tail. Its face is similar to both an ape and a fish, with a pronounced muzzle, hanging jowls, small eyes, and a fin-like crest on its head.

    Ymir possesses the following powers and abilities:

    • Enormous size
    • Superhuman strength
    • Sharp teeth
    • Claws
    • Accelerated growth

    After being shot with a bazooka, Ymir falls to its death off the Roman Colosseum.



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