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(DD-475: dp. 2,050; 1. 376'6"; b. 39'8"; dr. 17'9"; s. 37 k.;
cpl. 273; a. 5 5", 10 40mm., 7 20mm.; cl. Fletcher)
Hudson (DD-475) was launched 3 June 1942 by the Boston Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs Mcury H. Hough wife of Adm. Henry H. Hough (Ret.); and commissioned 13 April 1943, Comdr. Richard R. Pratt in command.
After shakedown and escort duty along the Atlantic coast, Hudson sailed for Efate, New Ilebrides, where she was just in time to provide fire support for the initial landings on Bougainville 1 November. As the Japanese staged a heavy air attack 8 November, Hudson helped repel them by splashing two "bogies" and assisting on a third. She then made antishipping sweeps in the Truk area and participated in operations against the Green Islands 1 February 1944. En route to the invasion Rudson attacked and sank a Japanese submarine 31 January.
Following a brief respite in Australia, Hudson steamed to Kwajalein to join the armada reudying for the invasion of the Marianas. After delivering shore bombardment to clear the way for landings on Saipan Guam, and Tinian the tough little destroyer took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea 19 June. Elere she contributed two kills to the massive destruction of Japanese planes later known as "The Marianas Turkey Shoot". In mid-July, as the invasion of Guam was launched, Hudson steamed ofE the island to screen transports and chalk up another "bogie" as well as rescuing three Navy pilots and a Japanese flier. From the Marianas, Hudson steamed to Palau to support landings on Peleliu and Angaur 12-25 September. Departing Manus, Admiralty Islands, 4 October, she reached San Francisco 2 weeks later for overhaul.
After refresher training at Pearl Harbor, Hudson returned to battle, arriving off Iwo Jima 19 February 1945 Elere she provided vital radar picket protection during the initial invasion of that enemy bastion. While retiring from Iwo Jima after the island was secured, Hudson rescued eight survivors of a B-29 Superfortress which had crashed at sea 8 March. Eler next action came as she ressumed duties as a radar picket ship off~ Okinawa 1 April, when American troops stormed the last enemy stronghold before the home islands. On 5 April the valiant Hudson gained credit for sinking her second Japanese submarine of the war as a 6-hour attack with six barrages of depth charges resulted in the death of RO-49 off Okinawa. Although Imder almost conRtant attack by kamikazes, ~ud.son was to come through the war with only one injury to a crewman; that was inflicted when a kamakaze crashed close aboard 22 April 1945, clipping a chief on the head with a wingtip but missing the ship.
It was off Okinawa that Hudson earned the title of the "destroyer who saved a carrier." On 4 May a kamikaze crashed in the escort carrier Sangamon. Hudson steered for the fiercely blazing carrier. Despite the exploding ammunition on board the drifting carrier, the superbly managed destroyer was able to go alongiide three times, getting a total of 16 hoses over the side. The overhanging flight deck of the carrier caused extensive damage to Hudson~s superstructure as burning debris and a flaming plane jettisoned by Sangamon's crew which crashed into Hudson's depth charges on the fantail—caused scattered damage. When the fires were finally under control Hudson had suffered damage equal to that of the original victim, although the carrier had been saved with small loss of life through the destroyer's efforts, and was routed to Guam for repairs 10 May.
Promptly repaired, Hudson joined the 3d Fleet off Okinawa 22 June and then proceeded to Eniwetok for eonvoy duty in the Marshalls. After escorting a convoy to the Aleutians, she returned to Northern Japan to take part in the occupation and control of the enemy home islands 8 September, 6 days after the signing of unconditional surrender in Tokyo Bay. From Japan,Hudson sailed to Alaska where she began carrying veterans back to the States in Operation "Magic-Carpet." She then put in at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Wash., to prepare to decommissioned. Sailing to San Dlego 15 March 1946 Hudson decommissioned and went into reserve there 31 May. In January 1947 Hudson was moved to Mare Island, Calif, where she remains.
Hudson received nine battle stars for World War II service.
Kalamansig, officially the Municipality of Kalamansig, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Sultan Kudarat, Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 49,059 people. 
The main means of livelihood of the people is farming and fishing. The municipality's marine environment is home to various species of marine wildlife and plants, the most important of which is the giant tamilok, the largest shipworm species in the world. The species can only be found within the area, and no where else in the world, making Kalamansig an important biodiversity area. Formerly hunted by the locals, the giant tamiloks are now strictly protected by the municipality, specifically the former hunters of the species, after research confirmed the high importance of the species in the area's biodiversity. 
The nearest point of entry is through Cotabato Airport, Cotabato City. The town can easily be reached by taking the fully cemented Upi-Lebak National Road. Convenient and safe public transport that plies directly to Kalamansig are also available at NCCC Mall Davao, General Santos City Public Terminal, Cotabato City Lebak-Kalamansig Terminal and Tacurong City Public Terminal.
When it was introduced in 1987, the Series 60 was the first heavy-duty diesel engine with fully integrated electronic controls.  Detroit Diesel prescribed overhaul intervals of 500,000 miles (800,000 km), then raised that to 750,000 miles (1,210,000 km) after more experience was gained with the new engine. 
In 1993, the 11.1 L (677 cu in) version was rated at 350 bhp (261 kW) (but would produce 15 more if the cruise control was engaged).
The Series 60 was also available in 12.7 L (775 cu in) at the time, which was created by a longer stroke of 6.3 in (160 mm).  Both engine sizes were also used in truck and tractor-trailer applications.
In 1998, the 11.1-liter Detroit Diesel Series 60 was discontinued.  Once the 11.1-liter Series 60 was discontinued, the 12.7-liter Detroit Diesel Series 60 became the motorcoach application. Starting in the late 1990s, Neoplan made the Series 60 as an available engine for their high-floor and low-floor articulated buses - the AN460A and AN460LF. Detroit Diesel began making Series 60 marine engines in 1999, with wider availability starting in 2000. 
In 2001 the bore and stroke increased and the engine displacement rose to 14 L (854 cu in), with an increase in power output to 575 hp (429 kW) and a torque increase to 1,850 lb⋅ft (2,508 N⋅m).
In 2004 the 14-Liter engine became the dominant platform in Freightliner over the road sleeper trucks and changed the ECM to a DDEC V. The 12.7L engine was favored in buses for its better fuel consumption. 
In 2007 the 12.7-liter Detroit Diesel Series 60 was discontinued. Once the 12.7-liter Series 60 was discontinued, the 14-liter Series 60 replaced it. By 2008, Detroit Diesel had produced one million Series 60 engines. 
In 2007 - 2010 (2008 -2011 trucks), the Detroit Diesel 14L engine was modified to meet new emissions standards and went to a dual ECM configuration (DDEC VI). This engine ran higher compression, higher injector pressure and a DPF exhaust filter. The block and crank remained the same as the older 2004-2006 engine models.
In 2011 the series 60 engine was discontinued and replaced by the DD15 engine.
|677 cu in (11.1 l) ||5.12 in (130 mm)||5.47 in |
|15.0:1||1,150–1,350 lb⋅ft (1,559–1,830 N⋅m) |
@ 1200 rpm
|330–365 hp (246–272 kW) |
@ 1800–2100 rpm
|57 in × 34 in × 50 in (1,450 mm × 860 mm × 1,270 mm)||2,550 lb (1,157 kg)|
|778 cu in (12.7 L) ||6.3 in (160 mm)||16.5:1||1,350–1,650 lb⋅ft (1,830–2,237 N⋅m) |
@ 1200 rpm
|330–505 hp (246–377 kW) |
@ 2100 rpm
|2,640 lb (1,197 kg)|
|854 cu in (14.0 L) ||5.24 in (133 mm)||6.62 in (168 mm)||16.0:1||1,550–1,650 lb⋅ft (2,102–2,237 N⋅m) |
@ 1200 rpm
|435–575 hp (324–429 kW)|
@ 2100 rpm
The most popular on-highway Detroit Diesel engine was the 12.7-liter, and on-highway engines are electronically-controlled by the proprietary Detroit Diesel Electronic Control (DDEC) system. The DDEC system was the first commercial use of a fully electronic control on a highway engine, and multiple years would pass before other manufacturers followed. The functions available in the DDEC system include engine diagnostic functions, shutdown timers, progressive-shift functions, fault-history, speed limiting, automatic-stall preventing, and cruise control functions the cruise control function is popular with fleet operators due to the fuel-saving nature of this function. The DDEC system permitted the owner to download engine management reports, including a record of the use of the engine. The system was able to provide records of truck overspeeding, excessive idle time, hard braking, and other parameters, thereby assisting owners in increasing productivity, reducing engine abuse, and decreasing fuel consumption.
Larger fleets purchased their own copies of the software, while smaller owner operators were able to have their computer datasets downloaded by the dealer servicing their engine. The DDEC system allowed dealers and owners to troubleshoot problems with their engines, permitted changes to horsepower settings, and in some cases, alternative programs were able to be loaded into the computer.
The DDEC system is easy to operate, and diagnostic functions are displayed to the driver. Typically, there are two indicator lights, one in yellow and one in red. The red indicator represents a significant-engine fault, and in most cases, the engine shuts down to protect the engine from damage. The yellow light represents a minor fault, and is a cautionary function to alert the operator to a fault that might not be dangerous, or represent immediate damage to the engine. The operator is able to gain basic diagnostic functions via these two lights. Accompanying the two lights there generally is a switch when pressed in specific circumstances, the red and yellow lights will flash in a specific order and the operator is able to calculate a fault code, and know the specific problem with the engine.
DDEC I Edit
Initially the engine was controlled by the DDEC I System, which was shortly after replaced by the DDEC II system which would last up to 1992.
The DDEC I system was a two-box system. It had an Electronic control module (ECM) in the cab, and an Electronic Driver Module (EDM) on the engine to operate the injectors. 
DDEC II Edit
The DDEC II ECM was a single box mounted on the engine. 
The DDEC II Engine was available in ratings between 365 hp (272 kW) and 500 hp (373 kW). The engine proved extremely popular with fleet operators, and built a strong reputation for reliability and longevity. It was also available in a popular "cruise power" configuration, whilst encouraging the operator to engage the cruise control function. During the normal use of the engine, 430 hp (321 kW) would be available, and whilst the cruise control was engaged, the horsepower rating would increase to 470 hp (350 kW), as/since/because the engine was the most economical whilst the cruise control was engaged.
DDEC III Edit
In 1992, the DDEC III system was introduced, and is available in horsepower ratings up to 470 hp (350 kW) due to revised camshaft timing and other improvements. Again, a "cruise power" option is available, and the standard rating was 430 hp (321 kW), and whilst the cruise control is engaged, the horsepower rating increased to 470 hp (350 kW), encouraging operators to take advantage of reduced-fuel consumption.
The DDEC III system also introduced dual-voltage (12V/24V) ECM units. Previous DDEC ECM units are 12-volt only. The dual-voltage ECMs ease installation into 24-volt marine, industrial, and non-USA trucks. The use of Battery Charge-Equalizers (Vanner) is not required as/since/because the ECM can connect directly to the 24-volt batteries.
The DDEC III ECM is thinner than the DDEC II ECM, with wiring connectors at both ends. The front-end has two five-pin connectors for the injectors, and a thirty-pin connector for the engine-sensors. The rear-end has a five-pin Power Connector, six-pin Communications Connector, and a thirty-pin Vehicle-Interface Harness-Connector.
DDEC IV Edit
1997 brought the introduction of the DDEC IV engine control module, and further improvements in the design of the engine, notably a wastegated turbocharger and engine management improvements provided increased horsepower ratings up to 560 hp (418 kW), and increased torque outputs to 1,650 lb⋅ft (2,237 N⋅m).
In 1943 when the struggle in Pacific was raging, the Pacific Fleet prepared for its mighty sweep across Micronesia. In an effort to strengthen the "seeing eyes" of the fleet, Halford was constructed with a cruiser catapult and scout observation plane. She departed San Diego 5 July en route Pearl Harbor arriving five days later. For the next 3½ months Halford was to test the feasibility of carrying scout planes on small vessels. Because of tactical changes and the Navy's growing strength in aircraft carriers, Halford returned to Mare Island Naval Shipyard 27 October 1943 for alterations which replaced the catapult and scout plane with a second set of torpedo tubes and the number 3 5 inch mount.
By 6 December, with increased fighting power and a new profile, Halford again departed for the South Pacific. She called at Pearl Harbor, Funafuti, Espiritu Santo, and Tutuila, Samoa then took up convoy duties which included a Christmastime assignment of protecting the troopship Lurline with Marine reinforcements embarked for Guadalcanal. Arriving at Guadalcanal, she assumed command of the anti-submarine screen and took up station off Lunga Point. In addition to Guadalcanal, Halford supported the beachhead at Bougainville, screening supply trains and participating in coastal bombardments.
Anti-shipping sweeps on New Ireland's east coast, punctuated by counter-battery fire off East Buka Passage made tense and exciting days for Halford, Waller and Wadsworth during January 1944, a month which also saw the destruction by this three-ship task force, of the strategic Japanese facilities on Choiseul Island.
Halford next became the flagship for Admiral T. S. "Ping" Wilkinson's Green Islands Attack Force. Carrying Major General Harold E. Barrowclough's 3rd New Zealand Division Admiral Wilkinson's destroyer-transport group sortied from Vella Lavella and the Treasuries, 12 – 13 February, arrived off Barahun Island at 06:20, 15 February and lowered their landing craft fully manned.
Halford took up station off Green Island and began patrolling while unloading operations proceeded. At 09:40 General Barrowclough, RNZA, and staff disembarked to land on Green Island. Within two hours after the initial landing, all New Zealand forces were ashore 5,800 men were landed during D-Day, 15 February. The fact that such a force could put thousands of troops ashore virtually without opposition 115 miles (210 km) from Rabaul demonstrated the might and mobility of the Allied fleets in the Pacific.
Halford next joined a destroyer squadron to make shipping sweeps off the west coast of New Ireland. On the night of 24 – 25 February 1944, Halford and Bennett sank two small coastal ships and severely damaged a patrol vessel. For the next three days, Halford carried out her sweeps south of the strong Japanese naval base of Truk then returned to Purvis Bay for supplies.
The Spring of 1944 found Halford busily escorting supply units to the northern Solomon Islands. Halford then prepared for the longest cruise of her career—commencing early in June with the campaign for the Marianas.
The initial phase of Operation Forager which kept Halford at sea for seventy five days was the bombardment of Tinian's west coast defenses, followed by night harassing fire and the screening of heavy shore bombardment units. On 17 June Halford joined the battle line of Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's famed Task Force 58 (TF 58) for the greatest carrier action of all time: the Battle of the Philippine Sea. 19 June found Halford in the first phase of the battle:—the "Marianas Turkey Shoot"—as repeated enemy carrier strikes were shot down by surface fire. In the two day battle of the Philippine Sea, the Japanese Fleet lost 395 of its carrier planes, thirty one float planes, and three aircraft carriers.
While Guam footholds were being secured, Halford covered beach demolition units giving close bombardment support to assault troops and rescuing a number of friendly natives who had escaped through Japanese lines. Halford then joined the Angaur Fire Support Group in the bombardment of Angaur Island (4 – 21 September 1944).
Halford turned next to the campaign for the recapture of the Philippines. Joining Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf's Fire Group of the Southern Attack Force, Halford participated in the pre-invasion bombardments in Leyte Island. Then, on 24 October, when Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid estimated that Admiral Shoji Nishimura's Southern Force would try to enter Leyte Gulf via Surigao Strait, Halford prepared for the Battle of Surigao Strait (24 – 25 October 1944). That night and in the early morning hours of 25 October Halford, as a member of Destroyer Division 112, witnessed virtually the complete destruction of the Japanese Southern Force except for destroyer Shigure. American casualties totaled 39 men killed and 114 wounded, most of them in destroyer Albert W. Grant. Admiral Oldendorf said after the battle, "My theory was that of the old-time gambler: 'Never give a sucker a chance.' If my opponent is foolish enough to come at me with an inferior force, I'm certainly not going to give him an even break."
After the epochal Battle of Leyte Gulf, which broke the back of Japanese sea power, Halford departed Leyte Gulf 1 November 1944 and took up operations with the 3rd Fleet out of Ulithi until 2 December when she returned to Leyte as part of the covering force for the landings. On 6 December she was dispatched to escort damaged SS Antone Sautrain into Leyte, but the ship was lost in air attack. Returning to Leyte Halford next escorted supply echelons to Ormoc Bay and troopships to Mindoro.
In the afternoon of 2 January 1945 Halford sortied from Hollandia to escort transports of Task Force 79 to Lingayen Gulf for the occupation of Luzon Island delivering the transports safely despite heavy air attack she commenced patrolling the entrance to the Gulf. Then on the afternoon of 11 January, Halford took part in the shipping strike on San Fernando Harbor in which three small cargo ships, a landing craft, and several barges were sunk. Next morning she took part in the bombardment which neutralized the town of Rosario.
On 14 February, while patrolling Saipan Harbor, in a smoke screen, Halford rammed M.S. Terry E. Stephenson. Although there were no injuries, it necessitated Halford's return to Mare Island, where she arrived on 24 March 1945.
On 27 May 1945 Halford departed San Diego on her way west again. She proceeded to the Marshall Islands via Pearl Harbor where she escorted transports from Eniwetok to Ulithi. On 11 August Halford departed Eniwetok en route to Adak, Alaska as a unit of the Northern Pacific Fleet. With a task force composed of light carriers, cruisers, and destroyers, Halford departed Adak on 31 August and steamed into Ominato, Northern Honshū, Japan 12 September. Under the direction of Vice-Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher, this force was responsible for the initial occupation of the Ominato Naval Base and surrounding areas.
With Admiral Fletcher's Task Group, Halford cleared Ominato on 20 September returning to Adak five days later, thence on via Kodiak to Juneau for Navy Day.
Halford departed Juneau, Alaska, on 1 November 1945, and arrived at Bremerton, Washington, three days later to begin inactivation overhaul. She departed Bremerton on 23 January 1946. She joined the Pacific Reserve Fleet at San Diego on 28 January and decommissioned there on 15 May 1946.
Halford was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 May 1968 she was sold on 2 April 1970 and broken up for scrap.
The Revolution & Beyond
Also in 1776, a fleet of small warships under the command of Benedict Arnold fought the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain. In July 1777, Fort Ticonderoga changed hands again, after British General John Burgoyne managed to place a cannon on Mount Defiance and force Ticonderoga’s garrison under General Arthur St. Clair to evacuate. The Redcoats finally abandoned the fort permanently that November, following Burgoyne’s surrender at Saratoga.
In the years following the Revolutionary War, no military regiment would occupy Fort Ticonderoga, though at times the fort provided shelter for scouting parties or raiding detachments. In 1816, a New York merchant named William F. Pell began leasing the grounds of the fort. He bought the property in 1820, building a summer home there known as The Pavilion, which in 1840 was converted into a hotel to house a growing numbers of tourists in the area. In 1908, Stephen Pell began a restoration of Fort Ticonderoga the fort opened to the public as a tourist attraction the following year.
Hudson was born Roy Harold Scherer Jr. on November 17, 1925, in Winnetka, Illinois, the only child of Katherine (née Wood), a homemaker and later telephone operator, and Roy Harold Scherer Sr., an auto mechanic.  His father was of German and Swiss descent, while his mother had English and Irish ancestry. He was raised as a Roman Catholic.  During the Great Depression, Hudson's father lost his job and abandoned the family.  Hudson's parents divorced when he was four years old a few years later, in 1932, his mother married Wallace Fitzgerald, a former Marine Corps officer whom young Roy despised.  Fitzgerald adopted his stepson without his consent, and his legal name then became Roy Fitzgerald.  The marriage eventually ended in a bitter divorce and produced no children. 
Hudson attended New Trier High School in Winnetka.  At some point during his teenage years, he worked as an usher in a movie theater and developed an interest in acting.  He tried out for a number of school plays, but failed to win any roles because he could not remember his lines, a problem that continued to occur through his early acting career. 
He graduated from high school in 1943, and the following year enlisted in the United States Navy during World War II.  After training at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station, he departed San Francisco aboard the troop transport SS Lew Wallace with orders to report to Aviation Repair and Overhaul Unit 2, then located on Samar, Philippines, as an aircraft mechanic.   In 1946, he returned to San Francisco aboard an aircraft carrier,  and was discharged the same year. 
Hudson then moved to Los Angeles to live with his biological father (who had remarried)  and to pursue an acting career. Initially he worked at odd jobs,  including as a truck driver.  He applied to the University of Southern California's dramatics program, but was rejected due to poor grades.  After he sent talent scout Henry Willson a picture of himself in 1947, Willson took him on as a client and changed the young actor's name to Rock Hudson later in life, Hudson admitted that he hated the name.  The name was coined by combining the Rock of Gibraltar and the Hudson River.  Hudson later named his independent film production company Gibraltar Productions. 
Hudson made his acting debut with a small part in the Warner Bros. film Fighter Squadron (1948), and it took 38 takes to successfully deliver his only line in the film. 
Hudson was signed to a long-term contract by Universal-International. There he received coaching in acting, singing, dancing, fencing, and horseback riding, and began to be featured in film magazines where, being photogenic, he was promoted. 
His first film at Universal was Undertow (1949), which gave him his first screen credit. He had small parts in Peggy (1950), Winchester '73 (1950) as an American Indian, The Desert Hawk (1950) (as an Arab), Tomahawk (1951), and Air Cadet (1951).
Hudson was billed third in The Fat Man (1951), but back down the cast list for Bright Victory (1951). He had good parts as a boxer in Iron Man (1951) and as a gambler in Bend of the River (1952). He supported the Nelson family in Here Come the Nelsons (1951).
Leading man Edit
Hudson was promoted to leading man for Scarlet Angel (1952), opposite Yvonne De Carlo, who had been in Desert Hawk and Tomahawk. He co-starred with Piper Laurie in Has Anybody Seen My Gal? (1952), the first of his films directed by Douglas Sirk.
In Horizons West (1952) Hudson supported Robert Ryan, but he was star again for The Lawless Breed (1953) and Seminole (1953). In 1953, he appeared in a Camel commercial that showed him on the set of Seminole. 
He and De Carlo were borrowed by RKO for Sea Devils (1953), an adventure set during the Napoleonic Wars. Back at Universal he played Harun al-Rashid in The Golden Blade (1953). There was Gun Fury (1953) and Back to God's Country (1953). Hudson had the title role in Taza, Son of Cochise (1954), directed by Sirk and produced by Ross Hunter.
Magnificent Obsession and stardom Edit
Hudson was by now firmly established as a leading man in adventure films. What turned him into a star was the romantic drama Magnificent Obsession (1954), co-starring Jane Wyman, produced by Hunter and directed by Sirk.   The film received positive reviews, with Modern Screen Magazine citing Hudson as the most popular actor of the year. It made over $5 million at the box office.
Hudson returned to adventure films with Bengal Brigade (1954), set during the Indian Mutiny, and Captain Lightfoot (1955), produced by Hunter and directed by Sirk. In 1954, exhibitors voted Hudson the 17th most popular star in the country.
Hunter used him in the melodramas One Desire (1955) and All That Heaven Allows (1955), which reunited him with Sirk and Wyman then he acted in Never Say Goodbye (1956).
Giant (1956) Edit
Hudson's popularity soared with George Stevens' film Giant (1956). Hudson and his co-star James Dean were nominated for Oscars in the Best Actor category. Another hit was Written on the Wind (1957), directed by Sirk and produced by Albert Zugsmith. Sirk also directed Hudson in Battle Hymn (1957), produced by Hudson, playing Dean Hess. These films propelled Hudson to be voted the most popular actor in American cinemas in 1957. He stayed in the "top ten" until 1964. [ citation needed ]
Hudson was borrowed by MGM to appear in Richard Brooks' Something of Value (1957), a box-office disappointment. So too was his next film, a remake of A Farewell to Arms (1957). To make A Farewell to Arms, he reportedly turned down Marlon Brando's role in Sayonara, William Holden's role in The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Charlton Heston's role in Ben-Hur.  A Farewell to Arms received negative reviews, failed at the box office and became the last production by David O. Selznick.  Hudson was reunited with the producer, director and two stars of Written on the Wind in The Tarnished Angels (1958), at Universal. He then made Twilight for the Gods (1958) and This Earth Is Mine (1959).
Romantic comedy star Edit
Ross Hunter teamed Hudson with Doris Day in the romantic comedy Pillow Talk (1959), which was a massive hit. Hudson was voted the most popular star in the country for 1959 and was the second most popular for the next three years.
Less popular was The Last Sunset (1961), co-starring Kirk Douglas. Hudson then made two hugely popular comedies: Come September (1961) with Gina Lollobrigida, Sandra Dee and Bobby Darin, directed by Robert Mulligan and Lover Come Back (1961) with Day.
He made two dramas: The Spiral Road (1962), directed by Mulligan, and A Gathering of Eagles (1963), directed by Delbert Mann. Hudson still was voted the third most popular star in 1963. Hudson went back to comedy for Man's Favorite Sport? (1964), directed by Howard Hawks and the popular Send Me No Flowers (1964), his third and final film with Day. Along with Cary Grant, Hudson was regarded as one of the best-dressed male stars in Hollywood and received Top 10 Stars of the Year a record-setting eight times from 1957 to 1964.
Decline as a star Edit
Strange Bedfellows (1965), with Gina Lollobrigida, was a box-office disappointment. So too was A Very Special Favor (1965), despite having the same writer and director as Pillow Talk.
Hudson next appeared in Blindfold (1966). Then, working outside his usual range, he starred in the science-fiction thriller Seconds (1966), directed by John Frankenheimer and co-produced through his own film production company Gibraltar Productions. The film may contain Hudson's best performance. 
He also tried his hand in the action genre with Tobruk (1967), directed by Arthur Hiller. After the comedy A Fine Pair (1968) with Claudia Cardinale, he starred in the action thriller Ice Station Zebra (1968) at MGM, a role which remained his personal favorite. The film was a hit but struggled to recoup its large cost. [ citation needed ]
Hudson dabbled in westerns, appearing opposite John Wayne in The Undefeated (1969). He co-starred opposite Julie Andrews in the Blake Edwards musical Darling Lili (1970), notorious for its huge cost. [ citation needed ]
During the 1970s and 1980s, he starred in a number of TV movies and series. His most successful television series was McMillan & Wife opposite Susan Saint James, which ran from 1971 to 1977. Hudson played police commissioner Stewart "Mac" McMillan, with Saint James as his wife Sally, and their on-screen chemistry helped make the show a hit.
During the series, Rock Hudson appeared in Showdown (1973), a western with Dean Martin, and Embryo (1976), a science-fiction film. Hudson took a risk and surprised many by making a successful foray into live theater late in his career, and the best received of his efforts was I Do! I Do! in 1974.
After McMillan ended, Hudson made the disaster movie Avalanche (1978) and the miniseries Wheels (1978) and The Martian Chronicles (1980). He was one of several stars in The Mirror Crack'd (1980) and co-starred in The Beatrice Arthur Special (1980).
Later years Edit
In the early 1980s, following years of heavy drinking and smoking, Hudson began having health problems which resulted in a heart attack in November 1981. Emergency quintuple heart bypass surgery sidelined Hudson and his new TV show The Devlin Connection for a year, and the show was canceled in December 1982 soon after it aired. His health issues forced him to turn down the role of Col. Sam Trautman in First Blood.
Hudson recovered from the heart surgery but continued to smoke. He nevertheless continued to work with appearances in several TV movies such as World War III (1982). He was in ill health while filming the action-drama film The Ambassador in Israel during the winter months from late 1983 to early 1984. He reportedly did not get along with his co-star Robert Mitchum, who had a serious drinking problem and often clashed off-camera with Hudson and other cast and crew members. 
From December 1984 to April 1985, Hudson appeared in a recurring role on the prime time soap opera Dynasty as Daniel Reece, a wealthy horse breeder and a potential love interest for Krystle Carrington (played by Linda Evans), as well as the biological father of the character Sammy Jo Carrington (Heather Locklear). While Hudson had long been known to have difficulty memorizing lines, which resulted in his use of cue cards, it was his speech that began to visibly deteriorate on Dynasty. He was slated to appear for the duration of the show's second half of its fifth season however, because of his progressing ill health, his character was abruptly written out of the show and died off-screen.
While his career developed, Hudson and his agent Henry Willson kept the actor's personal life out of the headlines. In 1955, Confidential magazine threatened to publish an exposé about Hudson's secret homosexuality. Willson stalled this by disclosing information about two of his other clients. Willson provided information about Rory Calhoun's years in prison and the arrest of Tab Hunter at a party in 1950.  According to some colleagues, Hudson's homosexual activity was well known in Hollywood throughout his career,  and former co-stars Julie Andrews, Mia Farrow, Elizabeth Taylor, and Susan Saint James claimed that they knew of his homosexuality as did Carol Burnett.
Soon after the Confidential incident, Hudson married Willson's secretary Phyllis Gates. Gates later wrote that she dated Hudson for several months, lived with him for two months before his surprise marriage proposal, and married Hudson out of love and not (as it was reported later) to prevent an exposé of Hudson's sexual past.  Press coverage of the wedding quoted Hudson as saying: "When I count my blessings, my marriage tops the list." Gates filed for divorce after three years in April 1958, citing mental cruelty. Hudson did not contest the divorce and Gates received alimony of $250 per week for 10 years.  Gates never remarried. 
According to the biography Rock Hudson: His Story (1986) by Hudson and Sara Davidson, Hudson was good friends with novelist Armistead Maupin, who states that the two had a brief fling.  The book also names certain of Hudson's lovers, including Jack Coates Tom Clark (who published the memoir Rock Hudson: Friend of Mine) actor and stockbroker Lee Garlington   and Marc Christian (born Marc Christian MacGinnis), who later won a suit against the Hudson estate.
In 2005, Bob Hofler published a biography of Hudson's agent Henry Willson, titled The Man Who Invented Rock Hudson  . He told The Village Voice that Phyllis Gates attempted to blackmail Hudson about his homosexual activities.  The LGBT news magazine The Advocate published an article by Hofler, who claimed that Gates was actually a lesbian who believed from the beginning of their relationship that Hudson was gay. 
An urban legend states that Hudson married Jim Nabors in the early 1970s. Not only was same-sex marriage not recognized under the laws of any American state at the time, but, at least publicly, Hudson and Nabors were nothing more than friends. According to Hudson, the legend originated with a group of "middle-aged homosexuals who live in Huntington Beach" who sent out joke invitations for their annual get-together. One year, the group invited its members to witness "the marriage of Rock Hudson and Jim Nabors", at which Hudson would take the surname of Nabors' character Gomer Pyle, becoming Rock Pyle.
The joke was in the mainstream by this time. In the October 1972 edition of MAD magazine (issue no. 154), an article titled "When Watching Television, You Can be Sure of Seeing. ", gossip columnist 'Rona Boring' states: "And there isn't a grain of truth to the vicious rumor that movie and TV star Rock Heman and singer Jim Nelly were secretly married! Rock and Jim are just good buddies! I repeat, they are not married! They are not even going steady!" Those who failed to get the joke spread the rumor, and as a result, Hudson and Nabors (then still not open) never spoke to each other again. 
Although he was raised Roman Catholic, Hudson later identified as an atheist. A week before Hudson died, his publicist Tom Clark asked a priest to visit. Hudson made a confession, received communion, and was administered last rites. Hudson also was visited by a Pentecostal prayer group, which included Shirley and Pat Boone.  
Unknown to the public, Hudson was diagnosed with HIV on June 5, 1984, three years after the emergence of the first cluster of symptomatic patients in the U.S., and only one year after the initial identification by scientists of the HIV that causes AIDS. Over the next several months, Hudson kept his illness a secret and continued to work while, at the same time, traveling to France and other countries seeking a cure – or at least treatment to slow the progress of the disease.
On July 16, 1985, Hudson joined his old friend Doris Day for a Hollywood press conference announcing the launch of her new TV cable show Doris Day's Best Friends in which Hudson was videotaped visiting Day's ranch in Carmel, California, a few days earlier. He appeared gaunt and his speech was nearly incoherent during the segment, Hudson did very little speaking, with most of it consisting of Day and Hudson walking around as Day's recording of "My Buddy" played in the background, with Hudson noting he had quickly tired out. His appearance was enough of a shock that the reunion was broadcast repeatedly over national news shows that night and for days to come. Media outlets speculated on Hudson's health.  Day later acknowledged: "He was very sick. But I just brushed that off and I came out and put my arms around him and said 'Am I glad to see you. 
Two days later, Hudson traveled to Paris, France, for another round of treatment. After Hudson collapsed in his room at the Ritz Hotel in Paris on July 21, his publicist Dale Olson released a statement claiming that Hudson had inoperable liver cancer. Olson denied reports that Hudson had AIDS and only said that he was undergoing tests for "everything" at the American Hospital of Paris.  But, four days later, July 25, 1985, Hudson's French publicist Yanou Collart confirmed that Hudson did, in fact, have AIDS.   He was among the early mainstream celebrities to have been diagnosed with the disease. 
Hudson flew back to Los Angeles on July 30. He was so weak that he was removed by stretcher from the Air France Boeing 747 he had chartered, and on which, he and his medical attendants were the only passengers.  He was flown by helicopter to UCLA Medical Center,  where he spent nearly a month undergoing further treatment.  He was released from the hospital in late August 1985 and returned to his home in Beverly Crest, Los Angeles  for private hospice care.
At around 9:00 a.m. on the morning of October 2, 1985, Hudson died in his sleep   from AIDS-related complications at his home in Beverly Crest at age 59, less than seven weeks before what would have been his 60th birthday.   Hudson requested that no funeral be held. His body was cremated hours after his death  and a cenotaph later was established at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Cathedral City, California.   His ashes were scattered in the channel between Wilmington, Los Angeles and Santa Catalina Island.
The disclosure of Hudson's AIDS diagnosis provoked widespread public discussion of his homosexual identity. In Logical Family: A Memoir, gay author Armistead Maupin, who was a friend of Hudson, writes that he was the first person to confirm to the press that Hudson was gay in 1985. Maupin explains that he said it to Randy Shilts of the San Francisco Chronicle and that he was annoyed that producer Ross Hunter, who was gay, denied it.  In its August 15, 1985 issue, People magazine published a story that discussed his disease in the context of his sexuality. The largely sympathetic article featured comments from show business colleagues such as Angie Dickinson, Robert Stack, and Mamie Van Doren, who claimed they knew about Hudson's homosexuality and expressed their support for him.  At that time, People had a circulation of more than 2.8 million,  and, as a result of this and other stories, Hudson's homosexuality became fully public. Hudson's revelation had an immediate impact on the visibility of AIDS, and on the funding of medical research related to the disease. 
Shortly after Hudson's press release disclosing his infection, William M. Hoffman, the author of As Is, a play about AIDS that appeared on Broadway in 1985, stated: "If Rock Hudson can have it, nice people can have it. It's just a disease, not a moral affliction."  At the same time, Joan Rivers was quoted as saying: "Two years ago, when I hosted a benefit for AIDS, I couldn't get one major star to turn out. Rock's admission is a horrendous way to bring AIDS to the attention of the American public, but by doing so, Rock, in his life, has helped millions in the process. What Rock has done takes true courage."  Morgan Fairchild said that "Rock Hudson's death gave AIDS a face."  In a telegram Hudson sent to a September 1985 Hollywood AIDS benefit, Commitment to Life, which he was too ill to attend in person, Hudson said: "I am not happy that I am sick. I am not happy that I have AIDS. But if that is helping others, I can at least know that my own misfortune has had some positive worth." 
Shortly after his death, People reported: "Since Hudson made his announcement, more than $1.8 million in private contributions (more than double the amount collected in 1984) has been raised to support AIDS research and to care for AIDS victims (5,523 reported in 1985 alone). A few days after Hudson died, Congress set aside $221 million to develop a cure for AIDS."  Organizers of the Hollywood AIDS benefit, Commitment to Life, reported after Hudson's announcement that he was suffering from the disease, it was necessary to move the event to a larger venue to accommodate the increased attendance.  Shortly before his death Hudson made the first direct contribution, $250,000, to amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, helping launch the non-profit organization dedicated to AIDS/HIV research and prevention it was formed by a merger of a Los Angeles organization founded by Dr. Michael S. Gottlieb, Hudson's physician, and Elizabeth Taylor, his friend and onetime co-star, and a New York-based group.  
However, Hudson's revelation did not immediately dispel the stigma of AIDS. Although then-president Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy were friends of Hudson, Reagan made no public statement concerning Hudson's condition.  However, Reagan did in fact phone Hudson privately in his Paris hospital room where he was being treated in July 1985 and released a condolence statement after his death.  
After Hudson revealed his diagnosis, a controversy arose concerning his participation in a scene in the television drama Dynasty in which he shared a long and repeated kiss with actress Linda Evans in one episode (first aired in February 1985). When filming the scene, Hudson was aware that he had AIDS, but did not inform Evans. Some felt that he should have disclosed his condition to her beforehand.  At the time, it was thought that the virus was present in low quantities in saliva and tears (it is not), but there had been no reported cases of transmission by kissing.  Nevertheless, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had warned against exchanging saliva with members of groups perceived to be at high risk for AIDS. 
According to comments given in August 1985 by Ed Asner, then president of the Screen Actors Guild, Hudson's revelation caused incipient "panic" within the film and television industry. Asner said that he was aware of scripts being rewritten to eliminate kissing scenes.  Later in the same year, the guild issued rules requiring that actors be notified in advance of any "open-mouth" kissing scenes, and provided that they could refuse to participate in such scenes without penalty.  Linda Evans appears not to have been angry at Hudson, and asked to introduce the segment of the 1985 Commitment to Life benefit that was dedicated to Hudson. 
Records of the United States Coast Guard [USCG]
Established: In the Treasury Department by act of January 28, 1915 (38 Stat. 800), merging the Revenue Cutter Service and the Life Saving Service.
In the Department of the Treasury:
- Lighthouse Service (1792-1852)
- Lighthouse Board (1852-1903)
- Revenue Marine Division (1843-49, 1871-94)
- Revenue Cutter Service (1894-1915)
- Life Saving Service (1871-1915)
- Steamboat Inspection Service (1852-1903)
- Bureau of Navigation (1884-1903)
- Bureau of Customs (vessel documentation functions only, 1942-66, to USCG)
In the Department of Commerce and Labor:
- Lighthouse Board (1903-10)
- Bureau of Lighthouses (1910-13)
- Steamboat Inspection Service (1903-13)
- Bureau of Navigation (1903-13)
In the Department of Commerce:
- Bureau of Lighthouses (1913-39, functions to USCG, 1939)
- Steamboat Inspection Service (1913-32)
- Bureau of Navigation (1913-32)
- Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection (1932-36)
- Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (functions relating to vessel inspection, navigation, and merchant seamen, 1936-42, to USCG)
Transfers: To the Department of Transportation, effective April 1, 1967, by Department of Transportation Act (80 Stat. 931), October 15, 1966.
Functions: Conducts search and rescue operations in and over the high seas and navigable waters of the United States. Provides medical aid to U.S. ocean fishermen. Enforces maritime and other laws pertaining to protection of life and property at sea, suppression of smuggling and illicit drug trafficking, and protection of the marine environment. Formulates and enforces safety standards for U.S. commercial vessels and offshore structures. Enforces safety standards on foreign vessels subject to U.S. jurisdiction. Evaluates and licenses U.S. merchant marine personnel. Enforces regulations governing the safety and security of ports and the anchorage and movement of vessels in U.S. waters. Establishes and maintains aids to navigation. Regulates the construction, maintenance, and operation of bridges across the navigable waters of the United States. Operates ice-breaking ships and the International Ice Patrol. Develops and directs a national boating safety program. Operates as a wartime service in the Department of the Navy.
Finding Aids: Forrest R. Holdcamper, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States Coast Guard," NC 31 (1963) supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.
Security-Classified Records: This record group may include material that is security-classified.
Record copies of publications of the U.S. Coast Guard in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Records of the U.S. Customs Service, RG 36.
General Records of the Department of Commerce, RG 40.
Records of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation, RG 41.
General Records of the Department of the Treasury, RG 56.
26.2 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF LIGHTHOUSES AND ITS PREDECESSORS
1785-1951 (bulk 1785-1942)
History: During the pre-federal period, lighthouses were owned and operated by the individual colonies and successor states. An act of August 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 53), effective August 15, 1789, enabled the states to transfer their lighthouses and lighthouse sites to the Federal Government, and vested the oversight of federal lighthouses and lighthouse sites in the Secretary of the Treasury. Responsibility for the Lighthouse Service (the name given to federal lighthouse operations and lighthouse site maintenance) was delegated by the Secretary of the Treasury to the Commissioner of Revenue, 1792. Oversight transferred, October 9, 1852, to the Lighthouse Board, established in the Department of the Treasury by an act of August 31, 1852 (10 Stat. 119). Lighthouse Board transferred to Department of Commerce and Labor by the Department of Commerce Act (32 Stat. 825), February 14, 1903. Reorganized and redesignated the Bureau of Lighthouses by an act of July 27, 1910 (36 Stat. 537). Bureau of Lighthouses assigned to Department of Commerce when it was separated from the Department of Labor by the Department of Commerce Act (37 Stat. 736), March 4, 1913. Abolished by Reorganization Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, with functions transferred to USCG, established 1915. SEE 26.1.
Note: Records described below dated after 1939 are those of the USCG.
26.2.1 General records
Textual Records: Correspondence of the Secretary of the Treasury, Commissioner of Revenue, and Fifth Auditor of the Treasury, relating to lighthouses, 1785-1852. Letters sent, 1792-1852, and received, 1833-1900, by the Lighthouse Service. General correspondence of the Lighthouse Board, 1852-1910, and the Bureau of Lighthouses, 1911-39. Letters sent to district engineers and inspectors, 1852-1939. Minutes and journals of the Lighthouse Board, with gaps, 1851-1910. Annual reports, 1820-53. Reports submitted by committees, 1875-1900. Printed bulletins and circulars, 1878, 1903-4, 1911-39. Newspaper clippings, 1900-32. Legal case files on the acquisition and disposition of sites, 1867-1907. Title papers to vessels owned by the Lighthouse Board, 1853-95.
Microfilm Publications: M63.
Photographs and Artworks (3,718 images): Lighthouses, light stations, and lanterns, 1855-1933 (LG, LGA). SEE ALSO 26.12.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Lighthouses in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
26.2.2 Records relating to operations
Textual Records: Lighthouse site files, 1790-1939. Descriptions of light stations, 1858-89, and lighthouses, 1900. Descriptions of light sites, 4th District (in Philadelphia) and 11th District (in Chicago), 1900. Inspection, physical condition, and repair reports, 1871-1907. Logbooks of lighthouses, light stations, tenders, and light vessels, 1872-1944 (543 ft.). Journals of shipwrecks, Alligator Reef, FL, 1874-1911 (in Atlanta) Alpena, MI, 1879-1902 (in Chicago) Burnt Coat Harbor, ME, 1872-1924 (in Boston) Cape Ann, MA, 1902-12 (in Boston) Currituck Beach, NC, 1876-1915 (in Atlanta) Cuttyhunk, MA, 1882 (in Boston) Fair Haven, MI, 1872-1902 (in Chicago) Hudson City, NY, 1905 (in New York) Kalamazoo River, MI, 1872-79 (in Chicago) Libby Island, ME, 1906-9 (in Boston) Little River Island, ME, 1870-1907 (in Boston) Negro Island, ME, 1880-93 (in Boston) North Point, WI, 1874-75 (in Chicago) Port du Mort, WI, 1863-1938 (in Chicago) Pottawatomie, MI, 1882-1911 (in Chicago) Presque Isle, MI, 1879- 1904 (in Chicago) Rock Island, IL, 1873-1900 (in Chicago) Rock of Ages, MI, 1909-33 (in Chicago) Santa Cruz, CA, 1878-92 (in San Francisco) Stamford Harbor, CT, 1882-1908 (in Boston) Stepping Stone, NY, 1896-1909 (in New York) Thatchers Island, ME, 1856-99 (in Boston) Two Harbors, MN, 1913-14 (in Chicago) Two Rivers, WI, 1886-96 (in Chicago) and Tybee Island, GA, 1873- 94 (in Atlanta). Lighthouse Service publications, 1838-1942, including record sets of Light Lists, 1838-1940, and Notices to Mariners, 1852-1941.
Maps and Charts (217 items): United States, showing lighthouse district boundaries, 1912 (1 item). Mississippi River lights locations and apparatus, 1876-1910 (150 items). Lighthouse Board lithographs of historical surveys of St. Lawrence River, 1891 (60 items). Taunton, MA, showing lights, 1921 (3 items). Airway routes, Midwest and California, 1927-29 (3 items). SEE ALSO 26.9.
Architectural and Engineering Plans (4,800 items): Bound drawings of illuminating apparatus, 1839-81 (800 items). Lighthouse plans and specifications, 1805-1939 (4,000 items). SEE ALSO 26.9.
Photographs and Lithographs (13 images):Lighthouses and certificates for the Columbian and other expositions, 1873-1936 (LH). SEE ALSO 26.12.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, and 26.6.1-26.6.12.
26.2.3 Personnel and payroll records
Textual Records: Correspondence concerning keepers and assistants, 1821-1902. Appointment and salary registers, 1801- 1912. Miscellaneous personnel records, 1832-1951, including proceedings of boards for the induction of bureau employees into the U.S. Coast Guard, 1939-40, and lighthouse service retirement cards, 1907-51.
26.2.4 Accounting records
Textual Records: Deeds and contracts for lighthouses and sites, 1790-1853. Correspondence concerning disbursements, 1914-39. Registers of receipts and disbursements, 1825-1920. Allotment ledgers, 1879-1931.
Microfilm Publications: M94.
26.2.5 Records of lighthouse districts
Textual Records: Correspondence and other records of the 3d Lighthouse District (New York, NY), 1854-1939 4th Lighthouse District (Philadelphia, PA), 1901-39 5th Lighthouse District (Baltimore, MD) 1851-1912 6th Lighthouse District (Charleston, SC), 1916 7th Lighthouse District (Key West, FL, and Mobile, AL), 1838-1910 8th Lighthouse District (New Orleans), 1851-1910 9th Lighthouse District (Chicago, IL), 1886-1905 10th Lighthouse District (Buffalo, NY), 1893-1938 12th Lighthouse District (San Francisco, CA), 1855-1913 and 17th Lighthouse District (Portland, OR), 1909-22. Miscellaneous records of the 6th Lighthouse District (Charleston, SC), 1908-16. Records of lighthouses in the Virgin Islands, 1910-17, and Puerto Rico, 1838-99. Newspaper clippings and other records relating to lighthouses, 1910-39.
26.2.6 Records of collectors of customs relating to lighthouses
Textual Records (in Boston): Records of the Customs District, Newport, RI, including general records, 1792-1857 correspondence, 1789-1830 records relating to construction and repair, 1808-42 lighthouse accounts, 1790-1829 and keepers' reports, 1819-61. Records of the Customs District, New London, CT, including correspondence, 1789-1914 accounts of the Superintendent of Lights for Rhode Island, 1843-80 reports on the state of lighthouses, 1816-49 and lighthouse vouchers, disbursements, and estimates of funds, 1791-1880. Records of the Customs District, New Bedford, MA, including correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1820-78.
Finding Aids: Forrest R. Holdcamper, comp. "Preliminary Inventory of the Field Records of the Light-House Service," NC 63 (1964).
26.3 RECORDS OF THE REVENUE CUTTER SERVICE AND ITS PREDECESSORS
1790-1933 (bulk 1790-1915)
History: Revenue cutters authorized by an act of August 4, 1790 (1 Stat. 175), to enforce laws governing the collection of customs and tonnage duties. Supervised by collectors of customs, 1791-1871, except for the period 1843-49, when oversight was vested in Revenue Marine Division of the Treasury Department. A new Revenue Marine Division, established 1871, became the Revenue Cutter Service (RCS) by act of July 31, 1894 (28 Stat. 171). In addition to its customs and tonnage responsibilities, RCS acted to suppress smuggling, piracy, and the slave trade assisted ships removed navigation hazards enforced quarantine regulations, neutrality laws, and laws prohibiting the importation of Chinese coolie labor and, after 1867, enforced regulations in Alaska concerning the unauthorized killing of fur- bearing animals, fishery protection, and the firearms, ammunition, and liquor traffic. RCS merged with Life Saving Service to form the USCG, 1915. SEE 26.1.
Note: Records described below dated after 1915 are those of the USCG.
26.3.1 General records
Textual Records: Letters sent, 1790-1897, and received, 1836- 1910. Letters received from collectors of customs, 1834-96 and from officers of cutters, 1833-69. Letters to captains and engineers, 1884-1921. Miscellaneous correspondence and reports, 1793-1910.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Revenue Cutter Service in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
26.3.2 Records relating to operations
Textual Records: Logbooks of revenue cutters, 1819-1915. Records relating to Alaska cruises and police work, 1868-1915, including the rescue by the U.S.R.C. Bear of icebound whalers in 1897-98, and the U.S.R.C. Nunivak's ethnological and meteorological studies and collection of botanical and geological data in the Yukon River area in 1899. Private journal of J.C. Cantwell, crew member of the U.S.R.C. Nunivak, 1900-01. Abstracts and lists of wreck reports, 1894-1913. Records of assistance rendered, 1886-95, 1903-14. Correspondence relating to service in the Spanish-American War, 1898 international cup races, 1903 the yellow fever patrol, 1905 and the San Francisco fire, 1906.
Microfilm Publications: M641.
Maps and Charts (2 items): Manuscript charts of Perry Harbor and Kashega Bay, AK, by Revenue Cutter Unalga, n.d. SEE ALSO 26.9.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, and 26.6.1-26.6.12.
26.3.3 Records relating to legal matters
Textual Records: Decisions of the solicitor, 1866-1915. Legal case files, 1871-1910. Records of minor courts, 1906-13.
26.3.4 Personnel and payroll records
Textual Records: Muster rolls, 1833-1932. Examinations of cadets, 1872-1911, and of applicants for the Revenue Marine Service, 1861-92. Applications, 1844-80. Ships' rosters, 1819-1904. Report of changes in personnel, 1865-1911. Register of warrant officers, 1894-1912. Records of the Mutual Aid Association, 1891-1933.
Related Records: Additional cadet records UNDER 26.7.
26.3.5 Accounting records
Textual Records: Construction and repair proposals, 1830-1910. Abstracts of expenditures, 1871-1912. Records of the Division of Construction and Repairs, 1870-1926. Correspondence relating to construction, 1873-1908.
26.3.6 Records of collectors of customs relating to revenue
Textual Records (in Boston): Records of the Customs District, Newport, RI, including general records, 1831-72 correspondence relating to revenue cutters, 1812-30, and the Revenue Marine, 1792-1868 requisitions for the Revenue Cutter Crawford, 1865-69, and for the Revenue Schooner Jackson, 1844-48 records of the Revenue Cutter Samuel Dexter, including quarterly logbook, 1875, engineers' journal, 1877, and requisitions, 1875-85 and vessel passports, 1797-1845. Records of the Customs District, New London, CT, including revenue cutter journals, 1800-9, 1842-66 logbooks of the Revenue Cutters Crawford, 1844-47, James Campbell, 1853-63, and Ewing, 1841-44, 1865-83 vouchers, 1791- 1905 and provision returns, 1790-1900.
26.4 RECORDS OF THE LIFE SAVING SERVICE
History: Established, 1871, in the Revenue Marine Division, Treasury Department. Placed under a general superintendent immediately responsible to the Secretary of the Treasury by an act of June 18, 1878 (20 Stat. 163). Merged with Revenue Cutter Service to form USCG, 1915. SEE 26.1.
Note: Records described below dated after 1915 are those of the USCG.
26.4.1 General records
Textual Records: Letters received, 1847-1914, with registers. Letters relating to disasters, 1888-1907. Letters to the commandant, 1873-1915. Letters sent and received by the superintendent, 1878-1912. Letters sent by the 5th District (in New York), 6th District (in Atlanta), 7th District (in Atlanta), 8th District (in New York), 10th District (in New York), 11th District (in Chicago), California 12th District (in San Francisco), Michigan 12th District (in Chicago), and 13th District (in San Francisco), 1881-1941. Correspondence relating to life-saving medals, 1894-1924. Correspondence and reports of the Board of Life Saving Appliances, 1888-1911.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Lifesaving Service in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
26.4.2 Records relating to operations
Textual Records: Journals, 1881-1914, with indexes. Station wreck reports for lifesaving stations located at Absecon, NJ, 1876-1916 (in New York) Ashtabula, OH, 1894-1904 (in Chicago) Assateague Beach, VA, 1883-1917 (in Philadelphia) Avalon, NJ, n.d. (in New York) Baileys Harbor, WI, 1896-1919 (in Chicago) Barnegat, NJ, 1906-15 (in New York) Bay Head, NJ, 1863-1911 (in New York) Bellport, NY, 1883-1919 (in New York) Big Kinnakeet, NC, 1883- 1918 (in Atlanta) Brazos, TX, 1881-86 (in Fort Worth) Brigantine, NJ, 1892-1915 (in New York) Buffalo, NY, 1883-1918 (in New York) Cape Disappointment, WA, 1902-13 (in Seattle) Cape Hatteras, NC, 1883-84 (in Atlanta) Cape May, NJ, 1886-1932 (in New York) Cedar Creek, NJ, 1886-1932 (in New York) Chadwick, NJ, 1885-1929 (in New York) Charlevoix, MI, 1900-20 (in Chicago) Charlotte, NY, 1890-1918 (in New York) Chicago, IL, 1895-1902 (in Chicago) Cleveland, OH, 1893-1917 (in Chicago) Cold Spring, NY, 1885-1902 (in New York) Coney Island, NY, 1883-94 (in New York) Coskata, ME, 1883-1915 (in Boston) Cranberry Island, ME, 1883-1915 (in Boston) Crisp Point, MI, 1865-1918 (in Chicago) Cross Island, ME, 1883-1915 (in Boston) Crumple Island (Great Wass Island), ME, 1883-1913 (in Boston) Davis Neck, MA, 1883-1900 (in Boston) Duluth, MN, 1895-1915 (in Chicago) Durants, NC, 1910-17 (in Atlanta) Erie, PA, 1893-1916 (in Philadelphia) Evanston, IL, 1883-1918 (in Chicago) Fire Island, NY, 1883-1918 (in New York) Forge River, NY, 1884-1916 (in New York) Forked River, NJ, 1883-1915 (in New York) Fort Lauderdale, FL, 1911-18 (in Atlanta) Gilberts Bar, FL, 1886-1918 (in Atlanta) Grande Point Sable, MI, 1883-1902 (in Chicago) Grays Harbor, WA, 1913-16 (in Seattle) Great Boars Head, NH, 1900-15 (in Boston) Great Egg Harbor, NJ, 1880-1911 (in New York) Harvey Cedars, NJ, 1883-1915 (in New York) Hog Island, VA, 1883-1915 (in Philadelphia) Holland, MI, 1887-1919 (in Chicago) Holly Beach, NJ, 1884-1915 (in New York) Indian River Inlet, DE, 1883-1915 (in Philadelphia) Island Beach, NJ, 1886- 1920 (in New York) Isle of Shoals, NH, 1911-16 (in Boston) Jackson Park, IL, 1893-1920 (in Chicago) Kenosha, WI, 1883-1915 (in Chicago) Knobbs Beach (Merrimac River), MA, 1891-1902 (in Boston) Lake View Beach, MI, 1883-1913 (in Chicago) Lewes, DE, 1884-1904 (in Philadelphia) Little Beach, NJ, 1883-1915 (in New York) Long Branch, NJ, 1883-1915 (in New York) Lorain, OH, 1911-17 (in Chicago) Loveladies (Beach), NJ, 1885-1913 (in New York) Little Kinnakeet, NC, 1885-1921 (in Atlanta) Mantoloking, NJ, 1885-1913 (in New York) Marquette, MI, 1911-21 (in Chicago) Milwaukee, WI, 1893-1920 (in Chicago) Monmouth Beach, NJ, 1884- 1915 (in New York) Muskegon, MI, 1882-1918 (in Chicago) Narragansett, RI, 1905-18 (in Boston) Niagara, NY, 1893-1922 (in New York) North Manitou Island, MI, 1883-1911 (in Chicago) Ocean City, NJ, 1885-1904 (in New York) Oregon Inlet, NC, 1884- 1920 (in Atlanta) Oswego, NY, 1883-1916 (in New York) Parramore (Beach), VA, 1884-1916 (in Philadelphia) Pecks Beach, NJ, 1896- 1916 (in New York) Peterson Point, WA, 1900-13 (in Seattle) Plum Island, MA, 1908-17 (in Boston) Point Alerton, MA, 1890- 1918 (in Boston) Point Bonita, CA, 1902-15 (in San Francisco) Point Judith, RI, 1903-13 (in Boston) Point Lookout, MD, 1883- 1917 (in Philadelphia) Portage, MI, 1905-18 (in Chicago) Racine, WI, 1883-1921 (in Chicago) Rockaway, NY, 1883-1918 (in New York) Rockaway Point, NY, 1883-1917 (in New York) Rye Beach, NH, 1884-1914 (in Boston) Sabine Pass, TX, 1902-18 (in Fort Worth) Salisbury Beach, MA, 1898-1916 (in Boston) Sandy Hook, NJ, 1883-1917 (in New York) Sandy Point, RI, 1899-1916 (in Boston) Seabright, NJ, 1875-1920 (in New York) Sea Isle City, NJ, 1889-1914 (in New York) Sheboygan, WI, 1895-1917 (in Chicago) Ship Bottom, NJ, 1886-1910 (in New York) Ship Canal, WI, 1886-1905 (in Chicago) South Chicago, IL, 1890-1921 (in Chicago) Spermacetti (Cove), NJ, 1885-1925 (in New York) Spring Lake, NJ, 1884-1915 Ewing Stone Harbor, NJ, 1916-24 (in New York) Straitsmouth, MA, 1900-19 (in Boston) Sturgeon Bay, WI, 1898-1917 (in Chicago) Tathams, NJ, 1884-1912 (in New York) Thunder Bay (Island), MI, 1883-1916 (in Chicago) Turtle Gut, NJ, 1884-1908 (in New York) Two Mile Beach, NJ, 1908-24 (in New York) Two Rivers, WI, 1883-1920 (in Chicago) Vermilion, OH, 1883-1920 (in Chicago) Waadah (Point), WA, 1909-15 (in Seattle) Wachapreague, VA, n.d. (in Philadelphia) Wallis Sands, ME, 1892- 1916 (in Boston) Wallops Beach, VA, 1883-1919 (in Philadelphia) Wash Woods, NC, 1884-1917 (in Atlanta) Whales Head, NC, 1899- 1920 (in Atlanta) and Wood End, MA, 1897-1909 (in Boston).
Logbooks of lifesaving stations located in Boston District (in Boston), Chicago District (in Chicago), Cleveland District (in Chicago), Delaware (in Philadelphia), Florida (in Atlanta), Jacksonville District (in Atlanta), New Orleans District (in Fort Worth), New York District (in New York), Nome, AK (in Anchorage), Norfolk District (in Philadelphia), North Carolina (in Atlanta), San Francisco District (in San Francisco), and Seattle District (in Seattle), 1873-1941. Records of medals awarded, 1876-1944. Scrapbooks, 1874-1937.
Architectural and Engineering Plans (600 items): Lifesaving stations, 1875-1915. SEE ALSO 26.9.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.5.8, and 26.6.1-26.6.12.
26.4.3 Legal and accounting records
Textual Records: Records of investigations of the 8th (New Orleans, LA) and 10th (Buffalo, NY) Districts, 1901. Appropriation ledgers, 1876-1912. Shipping articles, 1863-1915.
26.4.4 Personnel and payroll records
Textual Records: Registers and lists of station keepers, 1852-78. Application files, 1878-97. Articles of engagement for surfmen, 1878-1914. Registers of employees, 1866-1913. Disability correspondence, 1878-1910. Records relating to officers, 1791- 1919, and to cadets, 1876-1912. Muster rolls of the Spring Lake, NJ, District, 1924-31 (in New York).
26.5 RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES COAST GUARD
History: Established, 1915, by merger of Revenue Cutter Service and Life Saving Service. Acquired functions of Bureau of Lighthouses, 1939. By EO 9083, February 28, 1942, effective March 1, 1942, absorbed functions of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation relating to navigation, vessel inspection, and merchant seamen. Bureau functions relating to admeasuring and documenting American vessels transferred by EO 9083 to Bureau of Customs and subsequently to USCG, effective April 1, 1967, by Department of Transportation Act (80 Stat. 938), October 15, 1966. For complete administrative histories of the Bureau of Customs and of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation and its predecessors (Steamboat Inspection Service, Bureau of Navigation, and Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection), SEE 36.1 and 41.1, respectively.
26.5.1 General correspondence and reports
Textual Records: Central correspondence, 1910-41 (1,738 ft.). Records relating to the consolidation of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation and the Lighthouse Service with the USCG, 1933-49. Management and improvement reports, 1959-64. Regulations and administrative instructions, 1940-77.
26.5.2 Records of the Office of Public and International Affairs
Textual Records: Records of the Public Affairs Branch, including a reference information file, 1948-50, and miscellaneous reference materials, 1910-41.
Photographs (23,511 images): General photographic file, 1886- 1967, documenting USCG activities in Alaska, and the European and Pacific theaters during World War II ships and boats aircraft the Revenue Cutter Service and Life Saving Service captured rumrunners personalities Admiral Byrd's Antarctic expedition, 1946-47 navigational activities training programs rescue operations disasters activities relating to the space program artwork and Cuban refugees (G, 15,000 images). Photographs relating to the Steamboat Inspection Service and the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation, Coast Guard and merchant ships, and lifeboat stations and other aids to navigation, 1859-1945 (M, 500 images). Lightships and light tenders, 1891-1935 (LS, LSON 774 images). Lifeboat stations, 1893-1974 (CGS, 2,304 images). U.S.R.C. Nunivak on duty in Alaska, 1899-1901 (RSN, 138 images). Mississippi River flood relief efforts, 1927 (MF, 47 images). Survey of lighthouses, 1945 (S, 1,200 images). Activities and enrollees of the U.S. Maritime Service and U.S. Coast Guard stations, 1938-41 (A, 1,680 images). Japanese, allied, and neutral merchant vessels entering San Francisco Bay, 1937-43 (SAN, SJ 378 images). Visit of U.S.C.G.C. Kukui to Coast Guard stations, 1948-53 (T, 572 images). Commissioned officers of the Revenue Cutter Service and USCG, 1860-1945 (PC, PR 918 images). SEE ALSO 26.12.
Color Photographs (475 images, in Washington Area): Antarctic color photographs taken by U.S.C.G.C. Eastwind photographers on Antarctic cruises in support of Operation Deep Freeze, 1955-63. SEE ALSO 26.12.
Photographic Negatives (7,455 images, in Washington Area): From USCG icebreakers and other vessels on the Bering Sea Patrol or DEW Line supply in western and eastern Arctic, and Antarctic cruises in Operation Deep Freeze, 1946-68. SEE ALSO 26.12.
Filmstrips(1 item): Whaling, 1939 (FS). SEE ALSO 26.12.
26.5.3 Fiscal, accounting, and supply records
Textual Records: Boards of survey case files, 1965-80. Boards of survey (real property) files, 1945-80. Miscellaneous records of boards of survey, 1939-50. Expired and canceled leases, 1935-49.
26.5.4 Legal records
Textual Records: Opinions of the Chief Counsel, 1941-64. Records of boards of investigation, 1915-30. Records of general and summary courts-martial, 1906-41, and of deck courts, 1920-41. Watch books, 1914-23. Records of imprisonments and probation, 1929-31.
26.5.5 Personnel records
Textual Records: Copies of payrolls and muster rolls, 1925-32. Records of honorable discharges, 1917-18, 1927-37. Personnel and pay cards, 1917-21. Proceedings of officer personnel boards, 1941-55. Officer personnel files, 1915-29. Lifesaving medals case files, 1944-67.
26.5.6 Engineering records
Textual Records: Correspondence and budget files, 1957-64. Records of the Marine Engineering Division, 1924-40, including blueprints, tracings, and construction reports of vessels in the Tampa class and small boats constructed by the Work Projects Administration. Engineering program subject files, 1943-64. Planning and administrative files, 1938-64. Damage control books for USCG vessels, 1944-78. Directives originating in the Office of Engineering, 1965-71.
Architectural and Engineering Plans (37,050 items): Plans of cutters, lightships, and other vessels, 1871-1986 (36,800 items). USCG bases and depots, 1917-53 (250 items), including Boston, MA Ketchikan, AK Elizabeth City, NC Sault Ste. Marie, MI and Jersey City, NJ. SEE ALSO 26.9.
26.5.7 Records relating to oceanographic operations and statutory
Textual Records: Reports, 1946-60. Correspondence of the Aerology and Oceanographic Section, 1945-57. Records of the Bering Sea Patrol, 1926-40 (in Anchorage). Correspondence, reports, and other records of the International Ice Patrol, 1938-60 Greenland Patrol, 1940-44 and Ocean Station Program (Weather Patrol), 1945-58.
Maps and Charts (58 items): Bering Sea Patrols by U.S.C.G.C. Chelan, 1933-34. SEE 26.8.
Photographs (458 images):Greenland Survey Expedition, U.S.C.G.C. Duane, 1940 (H, 233 images). Surveys of the west coast of Greenland by U.S.C.G.C. Duane, August-September 1940, and of Baffin Bay and Davis Strait by U.S.C.G.C. Northland, autumn, 1940 (225 images, in Washington Area). SEE ALSO 26.11.
26.5.8 Records of the Surface Facilities Branch
Textual Records: Reports and correspondence, 1951-67. Cutter files, 1941-63. Logbooks of USCG vessels, 1915-47. Logbooks of vessels, stations, and depots, 1925-47, 1969-72. Microfilm copy of records and reports of assistance rendered, 1916-40 (280 rolls). Microfilm copy of casualty and wreck reports, 1913-36 (21 rolls). Microfilm copy of records of marine casualties, 1913-40 (7 rolls).
Microfilm Publications: T720, T919, T920, T921, T925, T926.
Photographs (66 images): Discontinued shore units, 1945-61 (LB). SEE ALSO 26.11.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, and 26.6.1-26.6.12.
26.5.9 Records of the Intelligence Division
Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, and other records, 1922-41, relating to violations of customs laws, including the Volsted (Prohibition) Act of 1919. Records relating to seized vessels, 1926-35. Merchant vessel information file, 1941-46.
Photographs(460 negative images, in Washington area):United States Coast Guard Intelligence Division Vessel Surveillance Photographs, 1935-41.
26.5.10 Records of the Military Readiness Division
Textual Records: Navy war program reports, 1943. World War II narrative histories, including district histories, 1941-45. War diaries, 1942-45. Action reports, 1942-45. Correspondence concerning relations between U.S. Navy and USCG, 1941-47.
26.5.11 Records relating to merchant marine safety
Textual Records: Records of the War Casualty Section, including subject files, 1941-45 survivor statements, 1941-45 merchant vessel casualty reports, 1941-46 foreign flag merchant vessel casualty reports, 1941-45 reports of enemy action, 1941-45 and publications, 1943-50. Marine Board case files of the Casualty Review Branch, 1943-58. Records of the Ship Structure Committee (SSC), including general records and reports of the Board of Investigation into the design and construction of welded steel merchant vessels, 1943-47 records of the Welding Research Project, 1944-46 SSC research project files, 1944-54 and admeasurement case files of the Tonnage Survey Branch, 1890-1943.
Photographs (661 images, in Washington Area):Merchant vessel war casualties, 1941-45. SEE ALSO 26.11.
26.5.12 Records relating to port safety and law enforcement
Textual Records: Subject files and printed materials of the Port Security Division, 1941-46. Correspondence and related records of the Port Security and Law Enforcement Division, 1946-62.
26.5.13 Records relating to navigation
Textual Records: Bridge permit case files of the Bridge Administration Division, 1962-75.
26.5.14 Other records
Textual Records: Records of the Marine Safety Council (Merchant Marine Council), including journals, 1942-44 records of meetings, 1942-64 transcripts of public hearings, 1950-64 and records of subcommittees, 1955-61. Records of the Permanent Board, including correspondence, 1935-43 minutes of meetings, 1935-43 and records of long-range projects, 1935-46. Records relating to boating safety, including correspondence of the Office of Recreational Boating, 1955-64. Records of interagency groups, including correspondence, reports, and related records of the Air Sea Rescue Agency, 1942-58 and records relating to USCG participation in the Air Coordinating Committee, 1945-62.
Maps and Charts (80 items):Greenland, 1931-41 (7 items). Beach patrol maps of the New England coast, with accompanying reports on operations, searchlights, and towers, 1942-43 (73 items). SEE ALSO 26.9.
26.6 RECORDS OF U.S. COAST GUARD DISTRICTS
26.6.1 Records of the 1st Coast Guard District, Boston (ME, MA,
NH, RI, VT)
Textual Records (in Boston, except as noted): Records of the Customs District, Newport, RI, consisting of records relating to vessel documentation, including registers, 1855-1916, enrollments, 1854-1932, licenses, 1869-1911, and indexes to vessels, owners, and masters, 1802-1902 records relating to seamen, including registers, 1796-1878, returns of seamen on board vessels, 1800-62, and shipping articles, 1841-71 and wreck reports, 1874-1954. Records of the Customs District, Providence, RI, consisting of records relating to vessel documentation, 1854- 1941 and wreck reports, 1911-63. Aids-to-navigation case files, 1900-65. Administrative notices and instructions, 1956-66. Publications, 1956-66. Initial vessel inspection reports, 1929- 54. Records of the Office of the Commandant, consisting of correspondence, 1952-65 and directives, 1962-68. Logbooks of USCG Light Stations, Chatham, MA, 1971-73, Race Rock (New London), CT, 1966-68, 1970-73, The Cuckolds (Newagen), ME, 1971- 73, Beavertail (Newport), RI, 1971-72, Moose Peak (Southwest Harbor), ME, 1971-72, Petit Manon (Southwest Harbor), ME, 1971- 72, Browns Head (Vinalhaven), ME, 1971, Eastern Point (Gloucester), MA, 1971-72, Portland, ME, 1972, Halfway Rock, ME, 1972-73, Southeast, RI, 1970-74, and Mount Desert, ME, 1971-73 USCG Stations, Portsmouth Harbor, NH, 1971-72, Castle Hill (Newport), RI, 1971-72, Block Island, RI, 1971-72, Rockland Breakwater, ME, 1971-72, Point Judith, RI, 1964-66 and 1971-72, and Brant Point (Nantucket), MA, 1971-72 USCG LORAN Stations, Nantucket, MA, 1971-72, and Cape Atholl, Greenland, 1971-75 USCG Weather Observation Station, Scituate, MA, 1971 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Active, 1971-79, Bibb, 1969-78, Bittersweet, 1978-80, Cape Cross, 1971-78, Cape Fairweather, 1971-81, Cape George, 1971-76, Cape Higgon, 1981-83, Cape Horn, 1969-77, Chase, 1970- 84, Cowslip, 1969-72, Decisive, 1971-79, Duane, 1969-74, Eagle, 1963-72, Escanaba, 1971-73, Evergreen, 1969-78, Hamilton, 1971- 73, Hornbeam, 1968, Mesquite, 1974-76, Nantucket Island, 1971-75, Owasco, 1969, 1971-73, Pendant, 1970-79, Point Bonita, 1970-72, Point Hannon, 1971-78, 1980-81, Point Jackson, 1970-72, Point Turner, 1971-81, Redwood, 1970-76, Shackle, 1971-74, 1978-82, Sherman, 1971-73, Snohomish, 1971-84, Spar, 1971-82, Swivel, 1971-73, Towline, 1971-78, Unimak, 1977-79, Vigilant, 1969-72, 1974-80, Vigorous, 1971-82, White Heath, 1971-77, 1980, White Lupine, 1970-72, White Sage, 1971-76, 1979-82, and Yankton, 1971- 82. Logbook of U.S.C.G.C. Munro, 1971-75 (in Seattle).
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, and 26.6.2-26.6.12.
26.6.2 Records of the 2d Coast Guard District, St. Louis (AR, CO,
IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MN, MO, NE, ND, OH, OK, western PA, SD, TN,
WV, WI, WY)
Textual Records: Records (in Philadelphia) of the Marine Safety Office, Pittsburgh, PA, relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale and mortgages of enrolled vessels, 1940- 77 certificates of enrollment and licenses, 1941-63 vessel conveyances, 1927-45 title records, 1944-49 initial vessel inspection files, 1943-69 master carpenter certificates, 1941- 63 vessel folders, 1906-75 and masters' oaths for renewal of license of vessel, 1945-66. Records of the Marine Safety Office, Memphis, TN, consisting of vessel documentation case files, 1967- 75 (in Atlanta). Logbooks (in Atlanta) of USCG Depots, Hickman, KY, 1971-73, and Buchanon, TN, 1971-72 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Chippewa, 1971-75, Cimarron, 1971-79, Goldenrod, 1971-73, Obion, 1971-74, Poplar, 1971-73, and Sycamore, 1973-77. Logbooks (in Kansas City) of USCG Base, St. Louis, MO, 1971-72 USCG Depots, Leavenworth, KS, 1971, and Dubuque, IA, 1971-72 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Cheyenne, 1971-74, Gasconade, 1971-75, Foxglove, 1971-77, Muskingum, 1971, Sumac, 1971-78, and Wyaconde, 1969-76. Logbooks (in Fort Worth) of USCG Depots, Salisaw, OK, 1971-72, and Pine Bluff, AR, 1971-72. Logbooks (in Chicago) of USCG Depot, Peoria, IL, 1971-72 and USCG LORAN Station, Dana, IN, 1971-72. Logbooks of U.S.C.G.C. Oleander, 1972-77 (in Philadelphia).
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1, and 26.6.3-26.6.12.
26.6.3 Records of the 3d Coast Guard District, New York (CT, DE,
NJ, eastern NY, eastern PA)
Textual Records: Records (in Boston) of the Customs District, New London, CT, consisting of records relating to vessel documentation, including registers, 1789-1914 enrollments, 1793- 1911, licenses, 1793-1911, and bonds, 1799-1897 and records relating to seamen, including crew lists, 1792-1888, and shipping articles, 1840-1924. Records (in Boston) of the Customs District, Stonington, CT, and Westerly, RI, consisting of records relating to vessel documentation, 1842-1922 returns of seamen aboard vessels, 1848-73 and wreck reports, 1876-1912. Records of the Customs District, Bristol-Warren, RI, relating to vessel documentation, 1833-1913 (in Boston). Records of the Marine Inspection Office, New York, NY, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1942-58 (1,172 ft., 40,662 vols., in New York). Records of the Vessel Documentation Office, Wilmington, DE, 1939- 57 (in Philadelphia). Records (in Philadelphia) of the Marine Inspection Office, Philadelphia, PA, consisting of initial vessel inspection files, 1940-56, 1959-61 logbooks of merchant vessels, 1956-65 and notices of change of master, renewal of licenses, and withdrawals from deposit, 1956-65. Records (in Philadelphia) of the Marine Safety Office, Philadelphia, PA, consisting of certificates of enrollment and yacht licenses, 1915-38 license and registry records, 1910-46 and vessel admeasurement records, 1900-50. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Wilmington, DE, consisting of initial vessel inspection files, 1940-62 (in Philadelphia). Weekly reports of the New York district, 1936-38 (in Washington Area). Logbooks (in New York) of USCG Air Station, Ramey AFB, PR, 1972 USCG Light Stations, Brandywine Shoal, DE, 1971-74, Hams Bluff, VI, 1971-73, Miah Maull Shoal, NJ, 1970, 1972-73, and Mona Island (San Juan), PR, 1971-73 USCG LORAN Stations, Targabarun, Turkey, 1970-72, Sylt, Germany, 1971-72, Simeri Crichi, Italy, 1971-72, Cape San Juan (Fajardo), PR, 1971, and Scatsta, Brae (Shetland Islands), United Kingdom, 1971-72 USCG Stations, Atlantic Beach, NY, 1971, Fort Totten, NY, 1971- 73, Manasquan Inlet (Point Pleasant Beach), NJ, 1971-72, Niagara (Youngstown), NY, 1971, Rochester, NY, 1971-72, Rockaway (Fort Tilden), NY, 1971-72, Short Beach (Freeport), NY, 1971, and Townsend Inlet, NJ, 1972 USCG Training Center, Cape May, NJ, 1971-72 U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Alert, 1971-73, Arundel, 1976- 82, Cape Strait, 1971-74, Dallas, 1971-75, Gallatin, 1971-82, Hornbeam, 1977-80, Mahoning, 1971-75, Manitou, 1971-80, Morgenthau, 1969-74, Ojibwa, 1971-80, Point Francis, 1972-75, Point Herron, 1971-74, Point Steele, 1971-75, Point Wells, 1971- 80, Raritan, 1975-78, Red Oak, 1971-80, Sagebrush, 1971-81, Sassafras, 1971-73, Sauk, 1974-78, Spencer, 1971-74, Tamaroa, 1971-80, Tern, 1971-74, and Wire, 1969, 1971-80 and decommissioned U.S.C.G.C. Maple, 1971-73. Logbooks (in Philadelphia) of USCG Depot, Sewickley, PA, 1971-72 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Apalachee, 1975-82, Cherokee, 1969-77, Cleat, 1971-80, Cuyahoga, 1970-76, Madrona, 1975-84, Mohican, 1971-82, Point Arena, 1976-82, Point Highland, 1971-82, Red Birch, 1974- 80 and 1986-93, Red Cedar, 1971-80, Sledge, 1977-80, Southwind, 1970-74, Tackle, 1971-83, and White Pine, 1969-73. Logbooks of U.S.C.G.C. Mariposa, 1972-73 (in Boston).
Maps and Charts (44 items): Coastal charts, NY and NJ, annotated to show harbor facilities, lights, and buoys, 1915-41, and including World War II blackout charts, 1940-41. SEE ALSO 26.8.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1, 26.6.2, and 26.6.4-26.6.12.
26.6.4 Records of the 5th Coast Guard District, Portsmouth, VA
(DC, MD, NC, VA)
Textual Records: Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Wilmington, NC, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1950- 57, 1969-74 (in Atlanta). Logbooks (in Atlanta) of USCG Base, Fort Macon (Atlantic Beach), NC, 1971-72 USCG LORAN Station, Carolina Beach, NC, 1971-72 USCG Stations, Hatteras Inlet (Hatteras), NC, 1971-72, Oregon Inlet (Rodanthe), NC, 1971-72, Wrightsville Beach, NC, 1971-72, and Hobucken, NC, 1972 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Cape Upright, 1971-73, Chilula, 1970-78, Chokeberry, 1971-76, Conifer, 1971-76, Laurel, 1971-73, Northwind, 1973-79, Point Martin, 1971-74, and Verbena, 1969, 1971-75. Logbooks (in Philadelphia) of USCG Base Section No. 8, 1926-34 USCG Base, Portsmouth, VA, 1972 USCG Repair Base, Norfolk, VA, 1934-41 USCG Training Station, Hoffman Island and Station Little Creek, VA, 1940-42 Crisfield, MD, Light Attendant Station, 1972-74 U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Apalachee, 1972-73, Capstan, 1972-73, Cherokee, 1978-80, Chinook, 1972-75, Chock, 1972, Ingham, 1972- 79, Madrona, 1972-74, Point Huron, 1972, Primrose, 1974-77, Sledge, 1972-76, Taney, 1972-78, and Unimak, 1972-75 and decommissioned U.S.C.G.C. Edisto, 1973-74. Logbooks of U.S.C.G.C. Winnebago, 1972-73 (in Atlanta).
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.3, and 26.6.5-26.6.12.
26.6.5 Records of the 7th Coast Guard District, Miami (FL, GA,
PR, SC, VI)
Textual Records (in Atlanta): Records of the Marine Safety Office, Savannah, GA, relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale, abstracts of title, and mortgages, 1906-60. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Savannah, GA, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1956-63 original vessel inspection files, 1942-46 and abstracts of title case files, 1942-49. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Miami, FL, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1943-64. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Jacksonville, FL, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1943-65 and vessel documentation case files, 1967-72. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Tampa, FL, consisting of vessel documentation case files, 1967- 75 original vessel inspection files, 1931-65 and logbooks of merchant vessels, 1942-65. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Charleston, SC, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1949-58. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, San Juan, PR, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1957. Logbooks of USCG Bases, Mayport, FL, 1971-72, and St. Petersburg, FL, 1971-72 USCG Light Stations, Apalachicola, FL, 1971-72, Cape San Blas (Port St. Joe), FL, 1952-53, and St. Joseph Point (Port St. Joe), FL, 1951-52 USCG LORAN Stations, South Caicos, British West Indies, 1971-73, and San Salvador, Bahama Islands, 1972-73 USCG Radio Stations, Jacksonville Beach, FL, 1971-72, and Miami (Perrine), FL, 1971-72 USCG Shore Unit, Jacksonville, FL, 1971- 72 USCG Stations, Islamorada, FL, 1971-72, Ponce de Leon Inlet (New Smyrna Beach), FL, 1971-72, Saint Simons Island, GA, 1971- 72, and Sullivans Island, SC, 1971-72 U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Androscoggin, 1972-73, Azalea, 1971-78, Cape Current, 1972-77, Cape Knox, 1971-76, Cape Morgan, 1971-77, Cape Shoalwater, 1971- 78, Cosmos, 1971-78, Courageous, 1971-76, Dauntless, 1971-78, Dependable, 1969-76, Diligence, 1971-74, Hammer, 1971-74, Hollyhock, 1970-77, Juniper, 1971-75, Papaw, 1975-77, Point Charles, 1971-78, Point Lobos, 1971-75, Point Roberts, 1971-79, Point Swift, 1971-76, Spike, 1971-76, Steadfast, 1971-78, Sweetgum, 1971, 1973-79, and White Sumac, 1971-77 and decommissioned U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Ariadne, 1968, and Rambler, 1971-78.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.4, and 26.6.6-26.6.12.
26.6.6 Records of the 8th Coast Guard District, New Orleans (AL,
LA, MS, NM, TX)
Textual Records (in Fort Worth, except as noted): Records (in Atlanta) of the Marine Inspection and Marine Safety Offices, Mobile, AL, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1942-65 vessel documentation case files, 1967-72 owners' oaths on registry, 1952-66 masters' oaths for renewal of license of vessel, 1952-67 declarations of new or alternate masters of vessels, 1941-67 and master carpenters' certificates, 1941-66. Records of the Vessel Documentation Branch, New Orleans, LA, including masters' oaths and other vessel documentation files, 1930-75. Records of the Customs District, Beaumont, TX, consisting of articles of agreement between masters and seamen, 1936-43. Records of the Vessel Documentation Branch, Brownsville, TX, 1940-75. Records of the Marine Inspection and Marine Safety Offices, Brownsville, TX, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1946-59. Records of the Vessel Documentation Branch, Corpus Christi, TX, 1933-62, 1972. Records of the Marine Inspection and Marine Safety Offices, Corpus Christi, TX, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1943-52. Records of the Vessel Documentation Branch, Galveston, TX, 1935-75. Records of the Marine Inspection and Marine Safety Offices, Galveston, TX, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1942-74. Records of the Vessel Documentation Branch, Houston, TX, including masters' oaths, 1968-80, sale and mortgage records, 1967-78, and other vessel documentation records, 1928-79. Records of the Marine Inspection and Marine Safety Offices, Houston, TX, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1942-73. Weekly reports of the New Orleans district, 1933-43. Logbooks of USCG Air Stations, Corpus Christi, TX, 1971- 72, and New Orleans, LA, 1971-72 USCG Base, Galveston, TX, 1971- 74 USCG Depot, Corpus Christi, TX, 1971-72 USCG Light Stations, Dulac, LA, 1972-73, Freeport, TX, 1971-72, New Canal (New Orleans), LA, 1971-72, South Jetty (Galveston), TX, 1972, and South Pass, TX, 1965-71 USCG Radio Beacon Station, Calcagieu (Cameron), LA, 1971-73 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Anvil, 1971- 79, Clamp, 1970-76, Clematis, 1971-76, Dallas, 1980 and 1986, Dogwood, 1976-79, Durable, 1971-86, Forsythia, 1971-77, Gentian, 1968-76, Hatchett, 1971-73, Mallet, 1971-76, Pamlico, 1976-79, Point Baker, 1971-76, Point Lookout, 1972-75, 1981-83, Point Nowell, 1971-72, Point Spencer, 1971-80, Reliance, 1972-76, Shadbrook, 1971-76, Valiant, 1972-84, Wedge, 1971-77, White Alder, 1964, and White Holly, 1971-77. Logbooks (in Atlanta) of USCG Base, Mobile, AL, 1971-72 USCG Depots, Greenville, MS, 1972, and Vicksburg, MS, 1971-72 USCG Light Station, Mobile Point, Fort Morgan (Gulf Shores), AL, 1971-73 USCG Station, Pascagoula, MS, 1971-72 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Acushnet, 1971-79, Axe, 1971-78, Blackthorn, 1971-73, Chena, 1971-75, Kickapoo, 1971-77, Osage, 1971-76, Patoka, 1976-80, Point Estero, 1971-77, and Salvia, 1970-75. Logbook of U.S.C.G.C. Iris, 1971-73 (in Seattle).
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.5, and 26.6.7-26.6.12.
26.6.7 Records of the 9th Coast Guard District, Cleveland (Great
Lakes, including MI and WI)
Textual Records (in Chicago, except as noted): Vessel folders, 1938-72. Logbooks of USCG Consolidated Group, Sault Ste. Marie, MI, 1971-73 USCG Lifeboat Stations, Belle Isle, MI, 1972, Charlevoix, MI, 1971-72, Detroit, MI, 1966-72, Duluth, MN, 1971- 75, Frankfort, MI, 1971-72, Grand Haven, MI, 1971-73, Holland, MI, 1971-73, Ludington, MI, 1971-72, Muskegon, MI, 1972-73, South Haven, MI, 1971-72, and Two Rivers, WI, 1971-72 USCG Light Stations, Algoma, WI, 1971-73, Chicago, IL, 1972-78, Devil's Island, WI, 1973-77, Eagle Harbor, MI, 1937-44, Grand Marais, MI, 1971-72, Grand Traverse, MI, 1963-72, Gray's Reef, MI, 1971-73, Green Bay, WI, 1976-77, Lansing Shoal, MI, 1971-73, Lorain, OH, 1971-77, Manistee, MI, 1971-73, Marblehead, OH, 1977-80, Marquette, MI, 1971-72, Michigan City, IN, 1971-72, Munising, MI, 1971-72, Pointe Betsie, MI, 1971-72, Rock of Ages, WI, 1970-77, St. Joseph, MI, 1971-73, St. Martin's Isle, MI, 1971-73, Sandusky, OH, 1971, Seal Choix Pointe, MI, 1971-72, Spectacle Reef, MI, 1971-72, Toledo, OH, 1971, and White Shoal, MI, 1970- 73 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Acacia, 1969-80, Bramble, 1966- 83, Buckthorn, 1972-80, Kaw, 1969-79, Mackinaw, 1971-81, Mariposa, 1974-77, Mesquite, 1971-74, Naugatuck, 1971-79, Raritan, 1971-75, Sangamon, 1971-79, Sundew, 1978-81, and Woodrush, 1971-78. Logbooks of U.S.C.G.C. Edisto, 1972 (in Philadelphia).
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.6, and 26.6.8-26.6.12.
26.6.8 Records of the 11th Coast Guard District, Long Beach, CA
(AZ, southern CA)
Textual Records (in Los Angeles , except as noted):Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Los Angeles, CA, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1942-58, 1963-64. Los Angeles Port Patrol duty logbooks, 1950-53. Shipping articles and crew lists, Port San Luis, CA, 1942-54. Shipping articles, Port Hueneme, CA, 1945. Coast Guard Auxiliary scrapbooks, Port of Long Beach, 1949-66. Port San Luis radio sealing reports, 1942-44. Weekly reports of the San Diego district, 1936-38 (in Washington Area). Records of the Marine Safety Office, Long Beach, CA, consisting of logbooks of merchant vessels, 1957-61, 1963, 1965-66. Logbooks of USCG Air Station, Los Angeles, CA, 1971-72 USCG Base, Terminal Island (San Pedro), CA, 1971-73 USCG Light Stations, Point Conception, CA, 1971-73, and Port Hueneme, CA, 1971-72 USCG Port Safety Station, Long Beach (Los Angeles), CA, 1971-72 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Burton Island, 1971-73, Cape Hedge, 1971-77, Glacier, 1971-73, Laurel, 1979-82, Point Brower, 1970-82, Point Camden, 1971-75, Point Divide, 1971-80, Point Evans, 1971-75, Point Hobart, 1972-75, and (in San Francisco) 1975-80, Point Judith, 1971-83, Point Stuart, 1971-82, Pontchartrain, 1972-73, Venturous, 1971-73, 1976-82, and Walnut, 1971-82. Logbooks of U.S.C.G.C. Reliance, 1945-46 (in San Francisco). Logbooks of Port Security Units at Long Beach, San Pedro, and Terminal Island, CA, 1950-53.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.7, and 26.6.9-26.6.12.
26.6.9 Records of the 12th Coast Guard District, San Francisco
(northern CA, NV, UT)
Textual Records (in San Francisco, except as noted): Records of the Marine Safety Office, San Francisco, CA, including vessel documentation files, 1925-51 vessel files, 1922-54 vessel enrollment records, 1948-60 logbooks of merchant vessels, 1941- 45, 1953-57, 1961 and inherited or acquired customs records, including vessel licenses, 1953-55, and a vessel index, 1950-52. Records of the Vessel Documentation Branch, San Francisco, CA, including new masters' oaths, 1940-61, and license enrollment oaths, 1942- 1950's. Logbooks of USCG Air Station, San Francisco, CA, 1971-72 USCG Lifeboat Stations, Rio Vista, CA, 1971-76, Yerba Buena Island, CA, 1970-71, Fort Point, CA, 1969-70, and Lake Tahoe, CA, 1970-71 USCG Light Stations, Pigeon Point, CA, 1913-22, 1971-73, Point Blunt, CA, 1971-76, Point Reyes, CA, 1961-63, 1968-71, 1973-74, St. George Reef, CA, 1971-73, and Trinidad Head, CA, 1971-73 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Blackhawk, 1971-73, 1977- 82, Cape Carter, 1947-48, 1971-74, 1978-79, 1981-82, Cape Wash, 1976-80, Chico, 1977-81, Comanche, 1971-73, 1977-80, Midgett, 1972-74, Point Barrow, 1969, 1971-72, 1974-80, Point Harris, 1976-79, Point Heyer, 1969, 1971-75, Point Ledge, 1971-80, Point Winslow, 1971-75, Red Bird, 1971-74, Resolute, 1968-73, and Rush, 1976-85. Logbook of U.S.C.G.C. Bayberry, 1967-73 (in Seattle).
Related Records: Architectural plans of lighthouses in the 12th district are in the custody of the USCG. Reference microfilm copies of these plans are in San Francisco. Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.8, 26.6.10- 26.6.12, and 26.8.
26.6.10 Records of the 13th Coast Guard District, Seattle (OR,
ID, MT, WA)
Textual Records (in Seattle , except as noted):Records of the Customs District, Great Falls, MT, consisting of records relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale, 1899-1943, and "dead vessel" documentation files, n.d. warehouse ledgers, 1878- 1909 and records of imports and exports (Canada), 1886-98. Records of the Customs District, Tacoma, WA, relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale, 1922-51 miscellaneous conveyances, 1923-40 mortgages, 1940-55 enrollments, 1918-55 registers, 1930-54 licenses, 1926-55 yacht licenses, 1922-54 certificates of registry, 1909-16 and "dead vessel" documentation files, n.d. Records of the Customs District, Portland OR, relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale, 1870-1941, 1968-71 mortgages, 1883-1930 records of tonnage admeasurement, 1902-9 licenses, 1889-1928 master carpenter certificates, 1920-61 "dead vessel" documentation files, 1906-67 indexes for the ports of Portland and Astoria, OR, 1845-1949 and logbooks of merchant vessels, 1959-61, 1964. Records of the Customs District, Seattle, WA, relating to vessel documentation, including certificates of admeasurement, 1873- 1912 bills of sale, 1865-1954 mortgages, 1861-1915 index of registers, enrollments, and licenses, 1888-1943 masters' oaths, 1913-51 "dead vessel" documentation files, 1927-47 and index of marine documents, 1915-88. Records of the Customs District, Olympia, WA, relating to vessel documentation, consisting of masters' oaths, 1927-50. Logbooks of merchant vessels, Astoria, OR, 1915-28, 1939-40, 1948-52 Coos Bay, OR, 1912-27 Portland, OR, 1942-57 and Seattle, WA, 1940-56, 1962-65. Bridge permits granted, 1902-69, for bridges removed prior to 1973. Logbooks of USCG Air Station, Astoria, OR, 1970, 1972 USCG Base, Seattle, WA, 1971- 72 USCG Light Stations, Alki Point (Seattle), WA, 1971-72, New Dungeness, WA, 1970, and Port Townsend, WA, 1970-75 USCG Radio Station, Westport, WA, 1971-73 USCG Stations, DePoe Bay, OR, 1971-73, Portland, OR, 1971, Quilayute, WA, 1971, and Umpqua River, OR, 1971-72 U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Aster, 1961-62, Boutwell, 1971-72, 1974-79, Cape Resolute, 1971-72, 1976-77, Elderberry, 1971-76, Fir, 1971-79, and (in San Francisco) 1980- 82, Iris, 1977-79, Laurel, 1974-79, Mallow, 1976-79, Morgenthau, 1975-77, Northwind, 1972-73, Point Bennett, 1970, Point Countess, 1973-74, Point Doran, 1971-77, Point Glass, 1970-73, Point Richmond, 1971-74, Polar Star, 1976-79, Whitebush, 1974-81, and Yocona, 1971-82 and decommissioned U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Campbell, 1971-73, Cape Newegen, 1980-82, Klamath, 1969-73, Modoc, 1971-79, Staten Island, 1971-74, Tupelo, 1969-75, Wachusett, 1971-73, and Winona, 1972-74.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.9, and 26.6.11-26.6.12.
26.6.11 Records of the 14th Coast Guard District, Honolulu,
(American Samoa, GU, HI, Pacific Islands)
Textual Records (in San Francisco, except as noted): Records of the Marine Safety Office, Honolulu, HI, relating to vessel documentation, including master carpenter certificates, 1920-66 master vessel license oaths, 1959-66 new masters' documentation oaths, 1951-66 and vessels "in lieu" enrollments, 1942-66. Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Honolulu, HI, including vessel files, 1948-55 master oaths (new and renewal), 1946-58 and recorded instruments, 1902-38. Logbooks of USCG Air Station, Guam, 1970-71, 1973 USCG Lifeboat Station, Honolulu, HI, 1971- 72 USCG Light Stations, Barber's Point, HI, 1947-48, Kalae, HI, 1944, 1947-48, Kauhola Point, HI, 1943-48, Kilauea, HI, 1942-48, Kumakali, HI, 1947-48, Makapuu Point, HI, 1947-48, 1971-74, Molokai, HI, 1947-48, Nawiliwili, HI, 1943-48, Peteekeo, HI, 1944-46, and Tauwella Point, HI, 1947-48 USCG LORAN Stations, Con Son, Vietnam, 1971-72, Kauai, HI, 1971-72, Kure Island, HI, 1971-73, Marcus Island, 1970-72, Saipan, 1971-72, Tan My, Vietnam, 1972-73, Utulo Point, HI, 1971-72, and Wake Island, 1971-72 and U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Basewood, 1947-48, Buttonwood, 1972-74, Cape Corwin, 1971-74, Cape Small, 1970-74, Mallow, 1971-73, Mellon, 1971-73, Planetree, 1971-72, and (in Seattle) 1969-72, 1974-77, Rush (Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam), 1971-73, and Trillium, 1949.
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, 26.6.1-26.6.10, and 26.6.12.
26.6.12 Records of the 17th Coast Guard District, Juneau (AK)
Textual Records (in Anchorage, except as noted): Records of the Customs District, Juneau, AK (including some records from Cordova and Seward, AK), relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale, 1901-36 mortgages, 1904-41 licenses, 1907-39 enrollments, 1914-38 registers, 1903-39 records of tonnage admeasurement, 1900-19 and "dead vessel" documentation files, 1920-57. Records of the Customs District, Ketchikan, AK, relating to vessel documentation, including bills of sale, 1911-36 licenses, 1893-1914 enrollments, 1895 record of marshal's bill of sale, 1926-41 register of licensed officers and seamen, 1941 and record of mortgages, n.d. Records of the Customs District, Wrangell, AK, relating to vessel documentation, consisting of "dead vessel" documentation files, 1920-36. Logbooks of USCG Air Station, Kodiak, AK, 1971-72 USCG Bases, Ketchikan, AK, 1971-72, and Kodiak, AK, 1972 USCG Light Stations, Cape Decision, AK, 1968-72, and Cape St. Elias, AK, 1968-72 USCG LORAN Stations, Biorka Island, AK, 1971-72, Cape Srichet, AK, 1971-73, St. Paul Island, AK, 1971-72, and Sitkinak Island, AK, 1971-72 U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Bittersweet, 1971-74, Cape Henlopen, 1971-74, Cape Romain, 1971-74, Citrus, 1969-72, Clover, 1971-74, and (in San Francisco) 1978-80, Confidence, 1970-72, Ironwood, 1972-74, Sedge, 1971-73, Sorrel, 1969-72, Storis, 1972-74, and Sweetbriar, 1969, 1973-74 and decommissioned U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Balsam, 1970-75, and Cape Coral, 1971-75. Logbooks of U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Jarvis, 1971-74, and Morgenthau, 1978-80 (in San Francisco).
Related Records: Additional logbooks UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.4.2, 26.5.8, and 26.6.1-26.6.11.
26.7 RECORDS OF THE U.S. COAST GUARD ACADEMY, NEW LONDON, CT
Textual Records (in Boston): General correspondence of the Office of the Superintendent, 1938-53. Cadet records, 1894-1954. U.S. Coast Guard Academy Logbooks, 1912-22, 1936, and Quartermasters' Bridge Book, 1938. Correspondence of the Coast Guard Academy, 1916-17 (in Washington area).
Related Records: Additional cadet records UNDER 26.3.4.
26.8 TEXTUAL RECORDS (GENERAL)
Correspondence concerning the Diaphone fog signal device, 1911-53. Unit logs of Coast Guard cutters, Region Four, U.S. Coast Guard (in Atlanta), 1968-80. General account of supplies of the St. Martin's Island, MI, light station (in Chicago), 1905-09. Documented vessel files, Marine Inspection Office, St. Ignace, MI (in Chicago), 1974. Correspondence relating to the "cutting and joining" of the U.S. Revenue cutters Gresham, Algonquin, and Onondaga (in New York), 1898. Original or Initial Vessel Inspection Files, U.S. Coast Guard, Marine Safety Detachment, St. Paul, MN (in Chicago), 1958-62. Record of fog signal of Matinicus Light Station (in Washington area), 1918-20. Operations message traffic relating to Challenger disaster consisting of radio logs and incoming and outgoing messages of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Dallas documenting its role in the search and rescue operations (in Atlanta), 1986. Records of the Office of Marine Inspection, Seattle, WA (all in Seattle), including Recorded Instruments of Title, 1914-67, and Vessel Folders, 1974-75 and Recorded Instruments of Title, 1922-65, from the Office of Marine Inspection, Portland, OR. Records of the Marine Safety Office, Long Beach, CA (all in Los Angeles), including Marine Documents Index, 1965 Merchant Marine Applications for Licenses of Officers Files, 1900-37 Bill of Sale Books, 1915-32 Record of Instrument (Mortgage) Books, 1956-66 and Vessel Inspection Files, 1962-66. Office of Merchant Marine Safety, Merchant Vessel Information Files, for vessels named "Oriskany - Parma," (in Washington area), ca. 1930-49. Records of the Marine Safety Office in San Francisco (all in San Francisco), Vessel Inspection Files, 1956-71, and station logs from the Point Montara, CA Light Station, 1970. Merchant Vessel Information Files (in Washington area), 1941-46. Vessel folders (in Seattle), 1974. Marine Safety Office, San Diego, Bills of Sale (in Los Angeles), 1913-64. Unit logs for USCGC Lantana (in Atlanta), 1971-75. Vessel Documentation Files, 1968-74, from the Wilmington, NC, Marine Safety Office (in Atlanta). Records of the Marine Inspection Office, Philadelphia, PA (in Philadelphia) consisting of vessel mortgages from Wilmington, DE, 1963-72 vessel mortgages from Philadelphia, 1946-72 vessel bills of sale from Wilmington, DE, 1960-72 and vessel bills of sale from Philadelphia, 1959-73. Log Books of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Chautauqua (in San Francisco), 1972-73. Records of the Light House Service (all in the Washington area) include U.S. Lighthouse Board Scrapbook, 1899-1919 Reports of Inspection of Philippine Lighthouses, 1945-46 Lighthouse Supply Inventory, 1840-41 Lighthouse Service Record of Repairs, 1879-86 Cape Blanco Light Station Journals, 1936-44 and Logbook of Portsmouth Harbor Light Station, 1923-38. Records of the Revenue Cutter Service include (in the Washington area) U.S. Revenue Cutter Service Contracts, 1843-46 Correspondence Relating to Revenue Cutter Crawford, 1845-76 Correspondence of the Practice Ships Chase, Itasca, The Academy, and Fort Trumball, 1903-11 Correspondence of the Revenue Cutters Chase and Itasca, 1907-08 Correspondence of the Revenue Cutter Itasca, 1906-20 Logbook of USCGC Saranac, 1940 Correspondence relating to U.S. Practice Cutter Itacsa, 1910 Letterbook of Revenue Cutters Jackson and Taney, 1839-57 Journal of Revenue Cutter Harriet Lane, 1858-60 Logs of Revenue Cutters and Coast Guard Vessels, 1819-1941 Correspondence of the Cutter Onondaga, 1917 and records of the Captain of the Port of New York relating to explosives passing through the Port of New York-WWI, 1917-19. Lifesaving Service Scrapbooks, 1911-13, (in Washington area). Correspondence of Fort Trumball, 1913-15 (in the Washington area). Correspondence of USRCS Officer Lt. T.S. Klinger, 1908-16 (in Washington area). Logbooks of the S.S.S. Horst Wessel, 1936-46 (in German), a former German sail vessel taken as a prize after WWII, renamed the Eagle, and used by the Coast Guard as a training ship (in the Washington area). Logbook of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Bear, 1923 (in Washington area). Logbooks (in Atlanta) of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Mendota, 1972-73, and Winnebago, 1972-73. Records (in Seattle) of the Marine Safety Office, Portland,OR, consisting of Merchant Marine Log Books, 1959, 1962. Records (in Atlanta) of the Marine Inspection Office, Port Everglades, FL, consisting of Official Logbooks of Merchant Vessels, 1959. Search and Rescue Incident Reports from the U.S. Coast Guard Base in Ocean City, MD, 1987-88 (in Philadelphia). Unit Logs of the Coast Guard Cutters Mellon, 1968-74, and Basswood, 1971-72 (in San Francisco). Records (all in Philadelphia) of the Fifth Coast Guard District include Vessel Inspection Records, 1960-64 Merchant Vessel Logbooks from Portsmouth, VA and Baltimore, MD, 1958-64 Vessel Folders from Norfolk, VA, Reedville, VA, Baltimore, MD, Cambridge, MD, and Annapolis, MD, 1957-71 Recorded Instruments for Merchant Vessels, 1923-58 Numerical Index to Licenced Boats, 1966 and Tracings of Buildings and Equipment, 1939-50.
26.9 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
Architectural and Engineering Plans: Lighthouses, beacons, and rescue stations in the eastern United States and on the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River, compiled by the Civil Engineering Units, Maintenance and Logistics Command, ca. 1865-1985 (in Washington area). Charts of New York Harbor used by Captain G.L. Cardeu, Captain of the Port-WWI, n.d., (in New York). Sketchbooks of 2nd Lt. John C. Cantwell, U.S.R.C.S., 1886-87, 1893, and Charts from the U.S. Revenue Cutter Manning, Bering Sea Patrol, 1910 (in Anchorage). Records of the Ocean Engineering Branch, Civil Engineering Division, consisting of Drawings of Lights and Lanterns, 1854-1912 (in Washington area). Records of the Maintenance and Logistics Command consisting of historical architectural and engineering drawing file depicting lighthouses, beacons, and rescue stations in the Eastern States, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River, 1865-1985 (in Washington area).
SEE Maps and Charts UNDER 26.2.2, 26.3.2, 26.5.7, 26.5.14, and 26.6.3.
SEE Architectural and Engineering Plans UNDER 26.2.2, 26.4.2, and 26.5.6.
26.10 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
Peacetime activities, World War II domestic and overseas activities, and activities during the Vietnam War, 1918-76.
26.11 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
Radio broadcasts concerning USCG administration and its role in training merchant seamen its history, traditions, and activities graduation exercises at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy and award ceremonies for ham radio operators who maintained communications in disaster areas, 1937-39.
26.12 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Photographs of United States Coast Guard cutters, 1911-86 (4,000 images). Photographs of the cruise of the U.S. Revenue Cutter Bear to Alaska and Siberia, 1895 (179 images). Photographs of Hawaii lighthouses, 1904-06 (133 images). Photographs of discontinued lights and stations, 1900-72.
SEE Photographs UNDER 26.2.1, 26.5.2, 26.5.7, 26.5.8, 26.5.9, and 26.5.11.
SEE Color Photographs UNDER 26.5.2.
SEE Photographs and Artworks UNDER 26.2.1.
SEE Photographs and Lithographs UNDER 26.2.2.
SEE Photographic Negatives UNDER 26.5.2.
SEE Filmstrips UNDER 26.5.2.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.
New Jersey Railroads In "The Garden State"
While New Jersey today may only consist of less than 1,000 miles of trackage it once offered a dizzying variety of high-speed, local/short line and excursion operations.
The Garden State also has a very rich railroading history with numerous classic lines having once operated within its borders, partly due to its strategic location to New York City.
Table Of Contents
Many of their landmarks can still be seen in the state such as the Jersey Central's Jersey City Terminal and the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western's Hoboken Terminal and New Jersey/Lackawanna Cutoff.
If you were a railfan between the 1940s to 1970s New Jersey offered some of the best variety of railroading to be found anywhere in the country.
Today, while all of the fabled railroads of the past are gone most of their key routes through the remain, operated between commuter services, short lines and Conrail Shared Assets for CSX and Norfolk Southern.
Please note that there are links provided throughout this page leading to other areas of the website here, which relate in some way to New Jersey railroads.
A Brief History Of New Jersey Railroads
New Jersey's history of trains date back to the the historic Camden & Amboy, which completed its original main line in 1833 between Bordentown and Amboy.
However, the C&A had a history dating all of the way back to 1815 when its founder, John Stevens, convinced the state legislature to pass legislation on February 6th, enabling the construction of a railroad between Trenton and New Brunswick.
The creation of the New Jersey Railroad Company was the first of its kind in the United States (established more than 10 years before the Baltimore & Ohio).
However, the original NJRR never made it further than the paper it was printed on. The Camden & Amboy Railroad was not officially chartered until February 4, 1830 and after opening its original line in 1833 soon extended its line further to Camden.
By 1839 the C&A opened a route between Bordentown, Trenton and New Brunswick, and Stevens' original dream of connecting the towns finally became reality.
Classic Railroads To Serve New JerseyA bird's eye view of New York Central/West Shore Railroad's Weehawken Terminal (New Jersey) along the west bank of the Hudson River, circa 1950s. The Manhattan skyline can be seen in the background.
The C&A's history lasted only until February 1, 1867 upon which time it was merged with the new New Jersey Rail Road and Transportation Company to form the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Companies, a subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
With the C&A now connecting both Camden and South Amboy, the NJRR reached Philadelphia and New York City.
These two railroads, of course, comprised the PRR's primary line between New York and Philly, which became known as its highspeed, four-track Northeast Corridor.
Today, the line retains its four-track alignment and is an important artery in Amtrak's network.Jersey Central F7A #13 and leased Norfolk & Western F7A #3690 (ex-Wabash #1171) at the Jersey City Terminal (Jersey City, New Jersey) on November 8, 1969. Roger Puta photo.
In the following years after the C&A began operations the Garden State would be home to fabled railroads like the Pennsylvania Railroad, Erie, Reading, and New Jersey's own, the Central Railroad of New Jersey.
Today, New Jersey no longer features commuter trains of the PRR and CNJ, and passenger trains like the The Blue Comet (CNJ's premier train) and the Reading's Crusader but several state transit services continue to ferry commuters from suburbia to downtown Manhattan and other urban locations in the region.
These include the ever-busy Northeast Corridor that sees over 300 daily trains of Amtrak and NJ Transit along with the latter's extensive commuter operations like the Hudson-Bergen line, Newark Light Rail line, and the RiverLINE between Trenton and Camden.
PATH (Port Authority of New York) trains also serve Hoboken Terminal and Newark Penn Station, connecting both with points across the river such as Lower and Midtown Manhattan.Erie Lackawanna U25B #2523 has the 'ECE' (East Coast Expediter) at Croxton Yard in Croxton, New Jersey on April 25, 1970. Roger Puta photo.
Class I freight operations in the state are handled exclusively by Conrail Shared Assets, the neutral paper company that jointly serves Norfolk Southern and CSX freight trains (both also own the railroad).
New Jersey also includes historic regional (Class II) New York, Susquehanna & Western ਊnd a number of short line including:
- Belvidere & Delaware River Railway
- Black River & Western Railroad
- New York & Greenwood Lake Railway
- Cape May Seashore Lines
- East Jersey Railroad & Terminal Company
- Hainesport Industrial Railroad
- New Jersey Rail Carriers
- New York New Jersey Rail
- Port Jersey Railroad
- SMS Rail Service
- Raritan Central Railway
- Winchester & Western
- Morristown & Erie Railway
- Southern Railroad Company of New Jersey whose logo is inspired from the Jersey Central
It was planned to link connecting the Delaware River and the city of Philadelphia with the Raritan River, which provided a direct waterway link into New York City. After just a few years the line was opened from Bordentown, New Jersey to Hightstown, New Jersey on October 1, 1832, a distance of about 13 miles. The C&A would eventually wind up as part of the modern Pennsylvania Railroad.
In total New Jersey today is home to just 950 miles of trackage.
During the height of rail operations in this country the state boasted some 2,350 miles of track and has stunningly lost 60% of its infrastructure since the 1920s (in comparison, the average percentage loss among states is about 45%-50%).
This can be attributed to two factors first, of course, is the decline the industry experienced during World War II, particularly amongst Northeastern railroads that resulted in many lines serving New Jersey to be abandoned or cutback after most were absorbed into Conrail.
Abandoned Railroads Of New Jersey
At 8,729 square miles, New Jersey, ranking it at 47th in terms of land size. Despite its stature, its population, which now stands at over 9 million, makes it the most densely populated state in the Union.
Even in the 19th century, New Jersey was a fast growing state thanks to its location between two of the United States' largest cities, Philadelphia and New York.
All of the northeast's major anthracite railroads and trunk lines (outside of the New England carriers) boasted at least a few miles in New Jersey, even New York Central.
With rail lines so dense throughout New Jersey it is not surprising there were widespread abandonments by 1965, 500 miles had been removed with another 900 pulled up in the succeeding decades.
Today, you can abandoned rights-of-way scattered all across New Jersey. They run the spectrum from the Pennsylvania and Jersey Central to Erie Railroad, Lehigh & Hudson River, and Lehigh & New England.
Southern New Jersey is particularly noteworthy where much of the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines is now gone, as is CNJ's old Southern Division.
Additionally, the state has never been very rail-friendly since the 1960s and has had no problem in seeing or wanting rail corridors to be cutup or turned into trails. For a more in-depth look at the state's rail mileage over the years please have a look at the chart above.
Railroad Museums And Attractions
If you tire of the commuter trains, however (which are prolific throughout the state), or are just looking for something different, New Jersey also feature several railroad museums and tourist railroads like the New York, Susquehanna & Western 2-8-2 #142 that operates seasonally and the New Jersey Museum of Transportation, which owns the famous sunken 1850-era 2-2-2s.
Today, while the CNJ's Jersey City Terminal no longer serves as a commuter rail station the Lackawanna's Hoboken Terminal is alive and well.
What's more, the historic building is being completely restored with the ferry slips the final phase yet to be opened at which point passengers heading across the river to downtown Manhattan can once again board their ferry directly from these historic slips.
While the CNJ's famous four-track main line, Jersey City Terminal and legendary Newark Bay Bridge either no longer stand or serves in its original capacity, New Jersey railroads are rich in history and feature a wide variety of operations that should appeal to whatever interests you may have from commuter and high-speed rail to freight trains and railroad museums.
High Desert State Prison (HDSP)
Adult Basic Education (ABE)1, ABE2, ABE3/GED. ABE2/3/GED, VEP High School, Face to Face College (A yard only), VEP college all yards, Transitions (Financial Literacy, Life and workplace behavior skills, community resources)
Other Education Programs:
Law and reading Libraries, Recreation activities, Media Center, Developmental Placement Program (DPP)
Faith Based Programs, Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, Al-Anon, Criminals and Gangs Anonymous, Getting Out By Going In, Juvenile Diversion Program, Veterans Group, House of Healing, Positive Parenting, Victims Impact, Actors Gangs, Arts in Corrections, Lifers Group, Alternatives to Violence, Cage you Rage, Fatherless Fathers.
HDSP is involved with the Department’s new Reentry Hub program. Reentry Hub programming is geared to ensure that, upon release, offenders are ready for the transition back into society. The core of Reentry Hub programming is Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (CBT) programming, an evidence-based program designed for inmates who have a moderate-to-high risk to reoffend, as assessed by the California Static Risk Assessment (CSRA), and who have an assessed criminogenic need, as identified by the Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions (COMPAS) and/or other assessment(s) identified by CDCR. CBT programs address the following major areas:
- Substance Abuse
- Criminal Thinking
- Anger Management
- California ID Program
Currently, every Facility is receiving a Reentry program for all eligible inmates. This will enable CDCR to bring the program to the inmates rather than moving inmates around the state to go to the program.
Family Liaison Service Specialist
CDCR provides through a contract with a community-based organization an on-site Case Manager as a family reunification liaison for inmates and family members, to assist with an inmates pre-release preparation and conduct Parenting and Creative Conflict Resolution classes for inmates. Please call the Institution to contact the Family Reunification Liaison.
High Desert State Prison is located in the north eastern part of California near Susanville. The area offers year round outdoor activities including, swimming, fishing, biking, snow skiing and riding all-terrain vehicles. You can do most of those activities at nearby Eagle Lake and Thompson Peak, located in Honey Lake Valley. You can hang glide from nearby peaks, and maybe catch a glimpse of the hawks and eagles that frequent the area. Nearby Lassen National Park includes the Sulfur Works, Kings Falls, Summit Trails and Bumpass Hell for hiking and backpacking. If you’re looking for a change of scenery, Reno, Nevada is 90 miles south.
HDSP provides vocational programs, educational programs, and work assignments for those inmates who are willing to participate. HDSP has a 35 bed Correctional Treatment Center (CTC) to provide for the health care needs of the inmates. Additionally, HDSP is designed to house inmates with disabilities who require specialized placement to accommodate accessibility issues under the Americans with Disability Act (ADA).
In September 1995, following completion of construction, HDSP received its first inmates. The first housing units to be activated were the MSF and two Level III 270 design facilities. These were soon followed by the two Level IV 180 design facilities. In the spring of 1996, a 200-bed reception center was established, which was converted to Level III General Population (GP) in October 2012. In May 1997, one of our Level III 270 design facilities was converted to a Level IV general population to accommodate departmental needs. In October 2007, once again we converted our Level IV 270 design general population facility to a Level IV sensitive needs yard based on departmental needs.
HDSP has an electrified fence surrounding the perimeter of our level III and IV facilities which provides a secure and cost effective method for preventing escapes.
American Correctional Association: Accredited Since August 2013
Fiscal Year 2016/2017 Budget: $143,282,218
In early 1990, the CDC initiated discussions for a new prison in Lassen County on the grounds of the California Correctional Center (CCC). This location took advantage of existing state property and the ability to share operations with an existing prison.
Construction of the new prison began on July 14, 1993, with a budget of $240 million. In just 24 months the new prison became a dominant part of the surrounding landscape. The construction of the prison consumed 71,985 yards of concrete, 20,000 tons of steel, 364 miles of electrical wire and 7 miles of chain link fencing, combined with the multitude of other required construction materials necessary in the completion of this modern prison complex.
Named High Desert State Prison by the Lassen County Board of Supervisors, the prison is located approximately eight miles east of the town of Susanville, or about a 1 hour 30 minute drive northwest of Reno, Nevada.
Brian Kibler has been acting warden at High Desert State Prison since October 2020.
He served as the chief deputy warden at North Kern State Prison from September 2016 to October 2020 and correctional administrator from May 2014 to September 2016. He worked at Wasco State Prison as a facility captain, a correctional counselor II (specialist), the public information officer and the litigation coordinator from 2006 to 2014. From 1999 to 2006 at the California Substance Abuse Facility and State Prison at Corcoran he worked as a staff services analyst, associate governmental programs analyst, correctional counselor I and correctional sergeant. At North Kern State Prison from 1998 to 1999, worked as a staff services analyst.
Warden Kibler holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice from California State University, Sacramento, and has completed the CDCR Executive Leadership Program at University of California, Davis.
Todd Murray was appointed CEO at HDSP in 2016. Dr. Murray began his career with CDCR/CCHCS in 2006, and has served in various clinical, supervisory and management positions, including Chief Psychologist and Chief of Mental Health at HDSP and at California Correctional Center. He brings over 25 years of diversified healthcare experience working in private, public and academic settings, and maintains his licensure as a clinical psychologist. Dr. Murray earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology from California State University, Long Beach, and a Master of Arts and Doctorate degree in clinical psychology, with an emphasis in Family Psychology from Azusa Pacific University.
Local Inmate Family Councils (IFC’s) are a gathering of family and friends of the incarcerated who meet regularly with Wardens to support visiting since keeping strong family connections with loved ones is a powerful rehabilitative tool. These IFC’s promote visiting by clarifying rules and regulations as well as discussing health, education, vocational training, packages, books, and related issues. For more information on connecting with a local IFC, please visit the Statewide IFC website.
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