In 1927, Pan American Airlines completed its first flight, from Key West, Florida to Havana, Cuba. The company began by flying air mail between the United States and South America, using Martin 130 and Boeing 314 flying boats. Pan Am Airlines was contracted with United States military forces during World War II, which benefited the company greatly.
The Rise and Decline of European Parliaments, 1188-1789By Jan Luiten van Zanden, Eltjo Buringhn and Maarten BoskerCentre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No. 7809 (2010)Abstract: Starting in Spain in the twelfth century, parliaments gradually spread over the Latin West. The paper quantifies the activity of medieval and early-modern parliaments, which also makes it possible to analyse the influence of this institutional innovation.
Ymir is a primordial giant, closely linked to the beginning of the world in Norse mythology. A creature resulting from the dramatic encounter between ice and fire, he was fed by a cosmic cow and his...
By Danièle CybulskieLast week, I wrote a piece on things medieval people would hate about the present day. Some of my readers asked whether or not medieval people would have found it too noisy in today’s world. While I do think medieval people would hate the sheer volume of white noise that surrounds modern life (traffic, fans, airplanes, etc.
The ‘Miracle of Childbirth’: The Portrayal of Parturient Women in Medieval Miracle NarrativesBy Hilary PowellSocial History of Medicine, Vo.25:2 (2012)Abstract: This paper explores how tales of difficult births found in medieval miracle narratives can contribute to our understanding of the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in twelfth-century England.
By Imre BártfaiA new Czech video game – Kingdom Come: Deliverance – offers a realistic medieval simulator. Billed as a serious attempt to portray medieval life and history in general it certainly provides greater visibility to the Middle Ages, especially for events and peoples eastward from Vienna. However, it also features Cuman warriors in the role of the token bad guys, and in doing so miss an opportunity to present this people and their medieval history accurately.